Tribes by Confederacy
There are well over 1,000 native American indian tribes in the United States and Canada.
Learn how these tribes are related to each other, which tribes joined together for political alliances, warfare, and peace keeping venues, or have historical roots together.
Franco-Indian Alliance – Was an alliance between American Indians and the French, centered on the Great Lakes and the Illinois country during the French and Indian War(1754–1763).
Haudenosaunee Confederacy, Iroquois League – See Iroquois Confederacy
Hasinai confederacy (Caddo)
Illini Confederacy – See Illinois Confederacy
Miami Confederacy – See Western Confederacy
Wappinger Confederacy – Sold Manhattan Island to the Dutch
“Abenaki” is a linguistic and geographic grouping. Historically there was not a strong central authority, but as listed below a large number of smaller bands and tribes who shared many cultural traits.
They call themselves Inde, or Nide “the people”.
The Apache Indians are divided into six sub-tribes
Chihenne….Chi-hen-ne, (Ojo Caliente), (Hot Springs) Apaches
Chokonen….Cho-kon-en, Chiricahua Apache
White Mountain Apache
The Blackfoot Confederacy consists of four different tribes, the Pikuni/Peigan, North Peigan Pikuni, Blood/Kainai, and Blackfoot/Siksika.
Members of the Blackfoot Confederation presently live in Montana, the United States and Alberta, Canada. When the Canadian government/British Crown sought to enter into a treaty with the Niitsitapi (the Real People), they made initial contact with the Siksika who lived on the north and northeastern frontiers of Niitsitapiskaku.
They made the wrong assumption that all Niitsitapi were Blackfoot. The Niitsitapi are Ahpikuni (Peigan), Southern Ahpikuni (Montana Blackfeet), Ahkainah (Bloods) and Siksika (Blackfoot).
Originally the Blackfoot Confederacy was a Plains confederacy which consisted of three peoples (“nation”, “tribes”, “tribal nations”) based on kinship and dialect, but all speaking a common language, Blackfoot. These were the Piikáni (historically called “Piegan Blackfeet” in English-language sources), the Káínaa (called “Bloods”), and the Siksikáwa (“Blackfoot”).
They later allied with the unrelated Tsuu T’ina (“Sarcee”) who became merged into the Blackfoot Confederacy and, (for a time) with Atsina (Gros Ventres).