Unrecognized Tribes Q-S

Alphabetical list of unrecognized American indian tribes beginning with Q to S.

These are groups known to self-identify as Native American tribes but that have not been recognized by the federal government (Bureau of Indian Affairs) nor by any state nor tribal government.

We do not necessarily endorse these organizations or the validity of their claims. We are just reporting what is out there and suggest you exercise your own due diligence in verifying their authenticity.

We would especially suggest further investigation of any organization that charges a membership or enrollment fee, or that does not require genealogy research and official documentation for enrollment.

Links to tribal profile pages are at the bottom of the page.

A-C    D-G   H-J   K-M   N-P   Q-S   T-V   W-Z


Qutekcak Native Tribe. Letter of Intent to Petition 2/13/2002. Receipt of Petition 2/13/2002.

Quinsigamond Band of the Nipmucs (Massachusettes)


Rainbow Tribes (Florida)

Rancho San Timoteo Band of Serrano Indians

Rebel Deaf Panther Tribe International (Massachusettes)

Red Nation of the Cherokee. Also in Kansas.

Red Nation’s Intertribal (Florida)

Revived Ouachita Indians of Arkansas and America. Letter of Intent to Petition 04/25/1990.

Rice Lake Band of Mississippi Ojibwe. Currently recognized only as part of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe

Ridgetop Shawnee, Kentucky. In 2009 and 2010, the State House of the Kentucky General Assembly recognized the Ridgetop Shawnee Tribe of Indians by passing House Joint Resolutions 15 or HJR-15 and HJR-16.


Sac River and White River Bands of the Chickamauga-Cherokee Nation of Arkansas and Missouri Inc. (formerly Northern Chickamauga Cherokee Nation of Arkansas and Missouri). Letter of Intent to Petition 09/05/1991. Also in Missouri.

San Cayetano Band of Cahuilla Indians or the Montoya Band of Cahuilla Indians

Salinan Nation (a.k.a. Salinan Chumash Nation). Letter of Intent to Petition 10/10/1989.

Salinan Tribe of Monterey & San Luis Obispo Counties. Letter of Intent to Petition 11/13/1993.

San Fernando Band of Mission Indians (formerly Ish Panesh United Band of Indians; formerly Oakbrook Chumash People a.k.a. Ish Panesh Band of Mission Indians, Oakbrook Park Chumash). Letter of Intent to Petition 05/25/1995.

San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians. Letter of Intent to Petition 10/18/1984.

Sandy Lake Band of Mississippi Chippewa, petitioned for independent federal recognition and independent state recognition. Currently recognized only as part of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe. (Minnesota)

Shasta Nation. Letter of Intent to Petition 05/28/1982.

Shawnee Nation Blue Creek Band, of Adams County, Ohio. Letter of Intent to Petition 8/5/1998.

Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band

She-Bel-Na Band of Mendocino Coast Pomo Indians. Letter of Intent to Petition 03/01/2006.

Sierra Foothill Wuksachi Yokuts Tribe. Letter of Intent to Petition 05/11/1999.

Snake and Knife Rivers Band of the St. Croix Chippewa of Minnesota. Currently recognized only as part of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe.
Southern Pequot Tribe (a.k.a. The Southern Pequot Tribal Nation of Waterford). Letter of Intent to Petition 7/7/1998

Southeastern Cherokee Confederacy, Inc. (SECC) Letter of Intent to Petition 03/09/1978; Declined to Acknowledge 11/25/1985 (50 FR 39047). Became the American Cherokee Confederacy on 1/31/1996, with a breakaway group Southeastern Cherokee Council, Inc. (SeCCI) forming on the same day. Bands: Northwest Cherokee Wolf Band (OR), Red Clay Intertribal Indian Band (TN).

Southeastern Cherokee Council, Inc. (SeCCI). Also in Michigan and Georgia.

Bands and Clans:

  • Big Lake Eagle Band (AK)
  • Black Wolf Clan (KY)
  • Blue Band (FL)
  • Buffalo Creek Band (TN)
  • Earth Band (PA)
  • Enola Band (NC)
  • Grey Wolf Clan of Ochlocknee (GA)
  • Hummingbird Band (CA)
  • Hummingbird Medicine Band (MO)
  • Little Wolf Band (MI)
  • Long Hair Band (FL)
  • Lost Tribes Band (MI, MN)
  • Many Waters Band (DE, MD)
  • Mountain Band (NC)
  • Myrtlewood Band (OR)
  • Nighthawk Medicine Clan (FL)
  • Northern Lights Band (MN)
  • One Spirit Band (TN)
  • Panther Band (GA)
  • Patoka Valley Band (IN)
  • Red Cedar (VA)
  • Running Horse Band (TX)
  • Tennessee Chota Band (TN)
  • Turtle Band (OK)
  • Turtle Island Band (OH)
  • Turtle Moon Band (FL)
  • Uwharie Band (NC)
  • Wandering Waters Band (MI)
  • Wee Toc Band (NC)
  • Where Rivers Meet Band (MI)
  • Windsong Band (DC (MD) 

Southeastern Indian Nation Southern Sierra Miwuk Nation (formerly American Indian Council of Mariposa County a.k.a. Yosemite). Letter of Intent to Petition 04/24/1982

Southeastern Kentucky Shawnee

Sovereign Miccosukee Seminole Nation, a.k.a. Everglades Miccosukee Tribe of Seminole Indians (Florida) Unrecognized because they don’t want recognition by the Federal Government.

St. Croix Chippewa of Minnesota. Currently recognized only as part of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe (Minnesota)

Swan Creek & Black River Chippewas (Kansas)

A-C    D-G   H-J   K-M   N-P   Q-S   T-V   W-Z



Article Index:

San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians

The ataaxam people have occupied the San Luis Rey Valley in California since the beginning of time. The San Luis Rey Band of Luiseño Indians has kept its identity as a people within the local communities that now exist on those ancestral tribal lands.

Official Tribal Name: San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians

Email: info@slrmissionindians.org

Official Website: http://www.slrmissionindians.org

Recognition Status: Unrecognized

Traditional Name / Traditional Meaning: ataaxam,

Common Name / Meaning of Common Name: The Spaniards established the Mission San Luis Rey in 1798 as part of the El Camino Real trail between Mission San Diego (1769) and Mission San Juan Capistrano (1776).   During this period, the missionaries imposed the name San Luiseño on the original inhabitants of the land.  

Alternate names / Alternate spellings: Luiseño, Luiseno, San Luis Rey Band of Luiseños Indians

Name in other languages: 

Region: California

State(s) Today: California

Traditional Territory:  The San Luis Rey Valley, including the coastline, the neighboring lagoons, the oak forest, the lush meadows, the vernal springs, and the creeks and rivers to the north and south of the valley.  

Confederacy: Luiseño


Reservations: None

Land Area:
Tribal Headquarters:
Time Zone: Pacific

Tribal Flag:

Tribal Emblem:

Population at Contact:

Registered Population Today:

Tribal Enrollment Requirements:

Genealogy Resources:


Name of Governing Body:
Number of Council members:
Dates of Constitutional amendments:
Number of Executive Officers:


Language Classification: Uto-Aztecan => Northern Uto-Aztecan => Takic => Cupan => Luiseño

Language Dialects:

Number of fluent Speakers:



Bands, Gens, and Clans

Related Tribes:

Today there are six federally recognized bands of Luiseño Indians based in southern California. They are:

Traditional Allies:

Traditional Enemies:

Ceremonies / Dances: 20th Annual Inter-Tribal Powwow, held 2nd weekend in June at the San Luis Rey Mission Grounds, 4050 Mission Avenue, Oceanside CA

Modern Day Events & Tourism:

Legends / Oral Stories:

Art & Crafts: The San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians are best known as basket weavers.





Religion & Spiritual Beliefs:

Burial Customs:

Wedding Customs

Education and Media:

Tribal College:

Famous Luiseno Indians

Catastrophic Events: Many ataaxam people suffered and died as a result of the European diseases, forced labor and loss of the way of life due to relocation and conversion to Catholicism. 

Tribe History:

The Mexican Period (1832 – 1848) inflicted further social, cultural, economic, and political limitations on the ataaxam people by forcing relocations to newly established ranchos.  The ataaxam served as laborers on the Rancho Aqua Hedionda, Rancho Buena Vista, Rancho Guajome, Rancho Los Vallecitos de San Marcos, Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores, and Rancho Monserrate ranches. 

During the American Period and treaty negotiations of 1851, the American government wanted to consolidate all the San Luiseño People in to a single representative group.   It was not until the 1870’s when a few reservations were established for some of the San Luiseño people near Palomar Mountain.   A reservation in the San Luis Rey valley was denied the San Luis Rey Band since many homesteaders believed the coastal land was valuable for farming and ranching and wanted the land for themselves. 

Many San Luiseño Indians had no land title documents and no rights under the new American government.   They relocated throughout the United States, wherever they could find work and a home. 

In the News:

Further Reading: