Extinct Tribes H to J

Extinct Tribes, Forgotten Names, or Alternate Names of North American Indians

An alphabetical list of extinct native american indian tribes of the United States H to J.

Each tribal profile explains who they were, where they lived, how they lived, an account of first contact with Europeans, population if known, and a brief explanation of what happed to them.

Links to tribal profile pages are at the bottom of the page.


A | B | C | D-E | F-G | H-J | K | L | MN | O | P-Q |  R-S |  T-V | W-Z  

Believed to be Extinct or Absorbed Into Other Tribes








Possibly Extinct? Some May be Canadian tribes? Or Alternate Names?

HARE-FOOT, next S. of the Esquimaux, and in perpetual war with them.

HALLIBEES, a tribe Creeks, destroyed in 1813,

HANNAKALLAL, 600 in 1820, on Pacific, S. Columbia next beyond the Luckkarso.

HASSANAMESITS, a tribe of Nipmuks, embraced Christianity in 1660

HIHIGHENIMMO, 1,300 in 1820, from month of Lastaw River, up it to the forks

HELLWITS, 100 m. along the Columbia from the falls upward, on the N. side.

HERRING POND a remnant of Wampanoags, in Sandwich, Mass.; about 40.

HIETANS, (Camanches,), erratic bands; from Trinity to Brazos, and Red River HINI, (Cadodache,) 200 in 1820, On Angelina r., between Red r. and Rio del Norte.

HITCHITTEES, once on Chattahoochee r., 600 now in Arkansas; speak Muskogee.

HOHILPOS, (Tushepahas,) 300 in 1820, above great falls on Clark’s River.


HUMAS, Oumas , “Red nation,” in Ixsussees Parish, La., in 180., below  Manchak.

HURONS, (Wyandots, Quatoghies,) adjacent, and N. gt. lakes; subd. by Iroq., 1650


ILLINOIS, “the lake of men,” both sides Illinois r. ; 12,000 in 1670; 60 towns in 1700.

INIES , or TACHIES  [Texas ?] branch Sabine; 80 men in 1806, Speak Caddo.

IOWAYS, On Ioway River before Black Hawks war; 1.100 beyond the Mississippi.

IROQUOIS, 1606, On St. Lawrence, below Quebec; 1687, 3 odd theo, to Miss. ISATIS, smnetimes a name of the Sioux before 1755.

ITHKYEMAMITS, 600 in 1820, on N sides Columbia, near the Cathlaskos.


JELAN, one of the three tribes of Camanches, on sources Brazos, Del Norte, &c.