Muskogee (Creek)

Famous Muskogee (Creek)

Fred Beaver (1911–1980), Muscogee-Seminole painter and muralist

William Augustus Bowles (1763–1805), also known as Estajoca, was a Maryland-born English adventurer and organizer of Muscogee Creek attempts to create a state outside of Euro-American control.

Samuel Benton Callahan (1833–1911), represented the Creek and Seminole nations in the Second Confederate Congress.

Ernest Childers (1918–2005), Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army during World War II and the first Native American to be awarded a Medal of Honor during that war.

Eddie Chuculate (b. 1972), Muscogee-Cherokee author and journalist.

Acee Blue Eagle (1909–1959), Muscogee-Pawnee-Wichita artist, actor, author, and director of art at Bacone College.

Sugar T. George (a.k.a. George Sugar, b. about 1827- died 1900) – This former slave from the Muskogee Nation went from poverty to prominence in his lifetime, serving in the House of Warriors, House of Kings, having been an African Town King, and served on the Muskogee Creek Nation Tribal Council. By the time of his death, Sugar T. George was also said to have been the “wealthiest Negro in the Territory.” 

Chitto Harjo (1846–1911), orator, veteran, and traditionalist

Joy Harjo (b. 1959), Muscogee-Cherokee poet and jazz musician

Suzan Shown Harjo (b. 1945), Muscogee-Cheyenne activist, policymaker, journalist, and poet.

Joan Hill (b. 1930), Muscogee-Cherokee artist.

Harry Island – (died August 15, 1872) Interpreter and negotiator.

Isparhecher – Creek leader.

Jack Jacobs (1919–1974), football player.

Silas Jefferson (a.k.a. Tucker or Ducker) – Served as interpreter for Muskogee delegation in Washington DC.

James Coody Johnson – During the period of the Dawes Enrollment and land allotments, he was a lawyer who represented many Seminole Freedmen in various land claims, some of which were argued before the U.S. Supreme court.

Before Oklahoma Statehood in 1907, Johnson was president of the Negro Protection League. He also led the protests against the Jim Crow laws that were being established for the new emerging state of Oklahoma.

William Harjo LoneFight (b. 1966), author, president of Native American Services, languages and cultural activist.

Alexander McGillivray (1750–1793) was a leader of the Muscogee during the American Revolution.

William McIntosh (ca. 1775–1825) led part of the pro-American Creek forces against the Red Sticks.

Menawa (ca. 1765–1836) was a principal leader of the Red Sticks during the Creek Wars.

Mary Musgrove (ca. 1700–1765) served as a cultural liaison between colonial Georgia and the Muscogee Creek community.

John Myers – Creek Lighthorseman, interpreter to the Creek leader Isparhecher, during the time of the Green Peach War. 

Louis Oliver (1904–1991), Muskogee poet.

Opothleyahola (ca. 1798–1863) fought against the US government during Seminole Wars and for the Union during the American Civil War.

Jim Pepper (1941–1992), Muscogee-Kaw jazz musician.

Grant Lee Phillips (b. 1963), Alternative/Americana artist and founder/songwriter of Grant Lee Buffalo, enrolled in the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

Alexander Posey (1873—1908), Muscogee Creek poet, humorist, journalist, and politician.

Will Sampson (1933–1987), film actor, noted for performance in One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1978.)

Cynthia Leitich Smith (b. 1967), children’s book author, noted Jingle Dancer.

Cow Tom – (born 1810) Freedmen Slave and interpreter of Chief Yargee of the Upper Creeks, in Alabama. Interpreter for General Jessup in the US Army. Cow Tom spoke several languages.

France Winddance Twine(b. 1960) – Professor of Sociology at the University of California Santa Barbara.

Carrie Underwood (b. 1983), country singer.

Tommy Warren, (1917 – 1968) Major League Baseball professional athlete.

William Weatherford – (a.k.a. Red Eagle, c. 1781–1824), led the Creek War offensive against the United States.

Chief Yargee of the Upper Creeks, in Alabama. 

Muskogee (Creek) Tribes

Alabama-Coushatta Tribe (Texas) (F)
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town (Oklahoma) (F)
Alibamu Indians
Chattahoochee Creeks
Cher-O-Creek Intra Tribal Indians (S)
Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana (Louisiana) (F)
Creek Freedmen
Kialegee Tribal Town (Oklahoma) (F)
Lower Muskogee Creek Tribe (East of the Mississippi) (S)
Machis Lower Creek Indian Tribe (Alabama) (S)
Mississippian Moundbuilders
Muscogee (Creek) Nation (Oklahoma) (F)
Ochese Creeks
Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama (F)
Star Clan of Muscogee Creeks (Alabama) (S)
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town (F)
Also see Creek Tribes


Article Index:

Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama buys Sands Bethlehem Casino in Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania gaming industry received a surprise last week with the announcement of Sands Bethlehem being sold to Wind Creek Hospitality, a  Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama subsidiary, for $1.3 billion.