The Hill Nomlaki and River Nomlaki were the two major divisions of Nomlaki Indians in California. The Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians are Hill Nomlaki occupying the territory east of the Coastal Range now known as Tehama and Glenn Counties.
Official Tribal Name: Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians of California
Recognition Status: Federally Recognized
Traditional Name / Traditional Meaning: Nomlāqa Bōda –
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State(s) Today: California
Reservation: Paskenta Rancheria
The Paskenta Rancheria was created, along with other Wintu Rancherias, in 1906 and 1909. In 1920, the rancheria was 260-acres. In 1959, the rancheria was terminated under the California Rancheria Termination Act, and the lands were sold to non-Native peoples. Despite the denial of federally recognized tribal status, the Paskenta Band maintained its tribal identity and culture while it worked for restoration as a Native American tribe. Finally in 1994, the federal government restored the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians to full tribal status.
Land Area: About 2,000 acres
Tribal Headquarters: Orland, CA
Time Zone: Pacific
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Registered Population Today: Today, they have approximately 240 enrolled members.
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Nomlaki tribes lived in villages with a population of 25 to 200 people under the leadership of a chieftain. The chief’s house was larger and formed the center of the village facing the water source. It not only served as the chief’s residence, but also as the men’s house and focal point of village life. Other houses in the village were constructed from bent saplings with vine and thatch facing the chief’s house. The women and children lived in these smaller houses called wikiups or wigwams.
The Nomlaki’s primary foods were acorns, grass seeds and tubers, deer, elk, rabbits, birds and fish. Many different seeds and tubers, including at least eight varieties of acorns, were gathered by the women. Salt was also used and obtained from stream banks in the spring.
All men hunted, but some specialized in certain techniques and methods. Hunting was done both in groups and individually with bows and arrows, clubs, nets, snares and traps.
The tribe is owns and operates the Rolling Hills Casino, in Corning, California.
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