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Mission Indians

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What are today known as the Mission Indians are those Shoshonean and Yuman peoples who occupy the portion of southern California which lies between the principal mountain ranges and the sea.

A name of no real ethnic significance, but used as a convenient popular and official term to designate the modern descendants of those tribes of California, of various stocks and languages, evangelized by the Franciscans in the latter part of the eighteenth and early part of the nineteenth centuries, beginning in 1769. The historic California missions were twenty-one in number, excluding branch foundations, extending along the coast or at a short distance inland from San Diego in the south, to Sonoma, beyond San Francisco Bay, in the north. Besides these, two others, established in 1780 in the extreme south-eastern corner of the present state, had a brief existence of less than a year when they were destroyed by the Indians.

The Spanish chapter of Georgia's earliest colonial history is dominated by the lengthy mission era, extending from 1568 through 1684. Catholic missions were the primary means by which Georgia's indigenous Native American chiefdoms were assimilated into the Spanish colonial system along the northern frontier of greater Spanish Florida.

The more than three hundred missions in Florida served as the primary means of integrating Indians into the political and economic structure of Florida's colonial system. Missions were normally established at the political center of local chiefdoms, in the villages where the chiefs lived and where the council houses were located. Each mission was only a small compound within a much larger Indian community.

In the 1990 U.S. census there were over 2,000 Native Americans identifying themselves as Mission Indians in the United States..

  • California Mission Indians (Also see California Rancheria Indians and California Tribes)
    • Barona Band of Mission Indians
    • Cabazon Band of Mission Indians
    • Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians
    • Campo Band of Mission Indians
    • Cuyapaipe Band of Mission Indians
    • Inaja & Cosmit Band of Mission Indians
    • Los Coyotes Band of Mission Indians
    • Jamul Band of Mission Indians
    • Juaneno Band of Mission Indians
    • Mesa Grande Band of Mission Indians
    • Morongo Band of Mission Indians
    • Pala Band of Mission Indians
    • Pauma Band of Mission Indians
    • Pechanga Band of Mission Indians
    • Rincon San Luiseno Band of Mission Indians
    • San Luis Rey Band Mission Indians
    • San Manuel Band of Mission Indians
    • San Pasqual Band Of Mission Indians
    • Santa Ynez Band of Mission Indians
    • Santa Ysabel Band of Mission Indians
    • Soboba Band of Mission Indians
    • Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians

<==  [TABLE OF CONTENTS]  [Mission Indians]  [Rancheria Indians]   [California Tribes]==>

Today's Mail Bag: I am trying to find out how to register on the Creek Indian registry.I am also trying to find out what website or telephone number to call so I can get this info.
--Submitted by Jon T.

Answer: Read the answer here

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