California Rancherias
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California Rancherias

The northwestern California Indians have cultural ties with the Northwest . The southern California Indians are culturally linked with the Southwest. Follow the links below to learn more about California Rancheria Indians. Also see California Tribes and California Mission Indians.

Between 1851 and 1852, 18 treaties were negotiated between the United States Government and more than 100 California Indian Tribes and Bands. The treaties called for reservations of more than eight million acres for the tribes. However, on July 8, 1952, the U.S. Senate secretly rejected the treaties and from 1852 to 1854 Indian Tribes were forcibly removed to temporary reservations.

In the early 1900s a researcher discovered the unratified treaties and reformers petitioned Congress to appropriate money to provide land for the homeless Native Americans of California. Congress appropriated the money to purchase 9,000 acres of land that became 50 separate Rancherias.

Originally the small pieces of land or ranches were intended to provide housing for homeless and landless adult Indians. It was not intended to be reservations for separate tribal governments. Instead of getting their own reservations, some Indian Nations were splintered into tiny postage stamp bands that lumped together Indians from different tribes. Despite the obvious obstacles, many of the Rancherias, as they came to be known, petitioned for federal recognition.

In 1953, the California Rancheria Act called for the termination of federal trusteeship for Indians in California. During this period, 38 tribes were terminated in California and tribal members were encouraged to sign away their official status in efforts to assimilate Indians into "mainstream" society.

The Indian Self Determination and Education Act of 1973 allowed tribes and rancherias to regain federal recognition and today 104 tribes are recognized in California with over 50% being Rancherias.



  • California Rancheria Indians:
    • Alturas Rancheria
    • Bear River Band of Rohnerville Rancheria
    • Berry Creek Rancheria
    • Big Lagoon Rancheria
    • Big Sandy Rancheria
    • Big Valley Rancheria
    • Blue Lake Rancheria 2
    • Buena Vista Rancheria
    • Cedarville Rancheria
    • Chicken Ranch Rancheria
    • Cloverdale Rancheria
    • Cold Springs Rancheria
    • Colusa Rancheria
    • Cortina Rancheria
    • Dry Creek Rancheria
    • Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians, Sulphur Bank Rancheria
    • Elk Valley Rancheria
    • Greenville Rancheria
    • Grindstone Rancheria
    • Guidiville Rancheria
    • Jackson Rancheria Band of Miwuk Indians
    • Laytonville Rancheria
    • Lytton Rancheria
    • Manchester/Point Arena Rancheria
    • Middletown Rancheria
    • Mooretown Rancheria
    • North Fork Rancheria
    • Picayune Rancheria .(Chukchansi Indians)
    • Potter Valley Rancheria
    • Redding Rancheria
    • Redwood Valley Rancheria
    • Robinson Rancheria
    • Rumsey Rancheria
    • Santa Rosa Rancheria
    • Sherwood Valley Rancheria
    • Shingle Springs Rancheria
    • Smith River Rancheria
    • Stewart Point Rancheria Pomo
    • Susanville Rancheria
    • Table Mountain Rancheria
    • Table Bluff Rancheria (Wiyot)
    • Trinidad Rancheria
    • Tuolumne Me-wuk Rancheria
    • Upper Lake Rancheria
  • See Mission Indians for:
    • Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians
    • Campo Band of Mission Indians
    • Cuyapaipe Band of Mission Indians
    • Inaja & Cosmit Band of Mission Indians
    • Jamul Band of Mission Indians
    • Los Coyotes Band of Mission Indians
    • Mesa Grande Band of Mission Indians
    • Pala Band of Mission Indians
    • Pauma Band of Mission Indians
    • Pechanga Band of Mission Indians
    • Rincon Band of Mission Indians
    • San Manuel Band of Mission Indians , Serrano tribe
    • Santa Ysabel Band of Mission Indians
    • Santa Ynez Band of Mission Indians
    • Soboba Band of Mission Indians
    • Twenty Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians
    See Other Federally Recognized California Tribes for:
    • Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation
    • Sycuan Business Committee (Kumeyaay)
    • Lone Pine Reservation
    • Hopland Reservation Pomo
    • Barona General Business
    • La Jolla Band
    • Winnemucca Indian Colony
    • La Posta Band
    • Tule River Reservation
    • Manzanita General Council
    • Karuk Tribe of California
    • Viejas Tribal Council
    • Woodfords Community Council
    • Morongo Band
    • Agua Caliente Tribal Council
    • Pit River Tribal Council
    • Timbisha Shoshone Tribe
    • Santa Rosa Reservation
    • San Pasqual Band
    • Cabazon Indians of California
    • Chemehuevi Tribal Council
    • Round Valley Reservation
    • Coyote Valley Reservation
    • Ramona Band of Cahuilla Indians
    • Quartz Valley Reservation
    • Fort Bidwell Reservation
    • Benton Paiute Reservarion
    • Chico Rancheria Mechoopda tribe
    • Fort Independence Reservation
    • Chemehuevi Tribal Council
    • Yurok Tribe
    • Bridgeport Indian Colony
    • Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians
    • Bishop Reservation
    • Pinoleville Band of Pomo
    • California Valley Miwok Tribe

(Not recognized by the Federal Governemnt)

  • See Mission Indians for:
    • Coastanoan Band of Mission Indians
    • Juaneno Band of Mission Indians
    • San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians
    See Other California State Recognized Tribes for:
    • Amah Band of Ohlonebraska_native_americans/Coastanoans
    • American Indian Council of Mariposa Co.
    • Antelope Valley Indian Community
    • Atahun Shoshones of San Juan Capistrano
    • Big Meadows Lodge Tribe
    • Calaveras Co. Band of Miwok Indians
    • Choinumni Tribe
    • Chukchansi Yokotch Tribe
    • Coastal Band of Chumash Indians
    • Death Valley Timba-Sha Shoshone Band
    • Dunlap Band of Mono Indians
    • Federated Coast Miwok Tribe
    • Hownonquet Community Assoc.
    • Indian Canyon Band of Coastanoan/Mutsun Indians
    • Kawaiisu Tribe
    • Kern Valley Indian Community
    • Maidu Nation
    • Melochundum Band of Tolowa Indians
    • Mono Lake Indian Community
    • N. Maidu Tribe
    • Nor-El-Muk Band of Wintun Indians
    • Northfolk Band of Mono Indians
    • Ohlonebraska_native_americans/Coastanoan Muwekma Tribe
    • Shasta Tribe
    • Tehatchapi Tribe
    • Tolowa-Tututni Tribe
    • Tsnungwe Nation
    • Wintoon Indians
    • Wintu Indians of Central Valley, CA
    • Wukchunmi Council
    • Washoe/Paiute of Antelope Valley
    • United Lumbee Nation of North Carolina & America
    • Wintoon Indians
    • Yokayo Tribe


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