Chronological history timeline of the Jicarilla Apache tribe
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Jicarilla Apache timeline
Chronological history timeline of the Jicarilla Apache tribe.
Anthropologists say the Apache migrated South from Canada.
1540 - 1542
First contact with the Spaniards began with Coronado. Hostilities began almost at first contact with the Spaniards.
A Spanish mission was attempted near Taos in 1733, but it was short-lived.
A group of 250 Jicarilla were settled on the Puerco River, but a treaty with the governor of New Mexico was not honored by him and war broke out.
Jicarillas are defeated by the United States Army.
The Jicarilla are living on the Maxwell grant in NE New Mexico, but it is sold out from under them.
1872 - 1873
The U.S. tries to move the Jicarilla to Fort Stanton.
A reservation of 900 square mile is established at Tierra Amarilla, in the north of New Mexico Territory. This lasts less than four years.
An Act of Congress is passed to force the Jicarilla south, they refuse, and their annuities are canceled.
Act of 1878 repealed, new reservation established on the Navajo River.
Jicarilla moved to Fort Stanton.
On February 11, an Executive Order creates a new reservation in the Tierra Amarilla area in northern New Mexico.
A southern area is added to the reservation.
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