The Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota is a federally recognized tribe of Yankton Western Dakota people, located in South Dakota.
Official Tribal Name: Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
Address: PO Box 1153, Wagner, SD 57380
Phone: (605) 384-3641
Fax: (605) 384-5687
Official Website: http://yanktonsiouxtribe.com/
Recognition Status: Federally Recognized
Region: Great Plains
State(s) Today: South Dakota
Confederacy: Great Sioux Nation
The Treaty of Washington was signed April 19, 1858.
Reservation: Yankton Reservation
Yankton Reservation; part of Charles Mix County, South Dakota
Land Area: Approximately 40,000 acres
Tribal Headquarters: Wagner, SD
Time Zone: Central
Traditional Name / Traditional Meaning:
Ihanktonwan Dakota Oyate, meaning “People of the End Village.”
Meaning of Common Name:
Dakota is commonly reported to mean “friend or ally” in English. This is actually incorrect. The real definition of Lakota is “those who consider themselves kindred.” The Da syllable in Dakota means “like (or related) [to Lakota].”
Dakotah derives from the word ‘WoDakotah,” meaning “harmony – a condition of being at peace with oneself and in harmony with one another and with nature. A condition of lifestyle patterned after the natural order of nature.”
See this detailed explanation of Sioux Names.
Alternate names / Alternate spellings:
Name in other languages:
Population at Contact:
Registered Population Today:
3,500 enrolled members
Tribal Enrollment Requirements:
Charter: None; Constitution and Bylaws: Yes – non-IRA
Name of Governing Body: Yankton Sioux Tribal Business and Claims Committee
Number of Council members: 5 committee members
Dates of Constitutional amendments: March 20, 1975
Number of Executive Officers: 4 – Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secretary, Treasurer
2 year terms, elections are not staggered.
Number of fluent Speakers:
Bands, Gens, and Clans
The Great Sioux Nation is actually made up of 18 separate tribes, or bands in the US, and 12 in Canada. These are divided into three language divisions: the Lakota Sioux, Dakota Sioux, and the Nakota Sioux. Each division speaks a different, but similar, Siouan language dialect. While the languages are slightly different dialects, this is not a political division, and the culture of all three groups is basically the same, except for language.There are also numerous subdivisions of the Sioux tribe, some included in the three main Siouan language division bands, and some recognized now as tribes separate from the Sioux Nation.
Related Groups who are now recognized as tribes separate from the Sioux:
Cape Fear Indians
Ceremonies / Dances:
Modern Day Events & Tourism:
Legends / Oral Stories:
Create your own reality
Lakota Star Legends
Legend of the Talking Feather
The End of the World according to Lakota legend
The Legend of Devil’s Tower
The White Buffalo Woman
Tunkasila, Grandfather Rock
Unktomi and the arrowheads
Art & Crafts:
Bison was the most important food souce before they went onto the reservation. The tribe maintains a free-ranging bison herd today.
Major Employers: Fort Randall Casino, Indian Health Service, tribal office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Marty Indian School. The tribe owns and operates the Fort Randall Casino and Hotel in Pickstown, South Dakota, as well as Lucky Lounge and Four Directions Restaurant.
Religion & Spiritual Beliefs:
The Sioux Drum
Tribal College: Marty Indian School
Sioux Chiefs & Famous People::
Padaniapapi (Struck-by-The-Ree) – According to local legend, when Meriwether Lewis learned that a male child had been born near the expedition’s encampment in what is today southeastern South Dakota, he sent for the child and wrapped the new born baby boy in an American flag during the council at Calumet Bluff in late August 1804. Lewis declared the baby an American. This boy grew up to become a headman (chief) of the Ihanktonwan Dakota (Yankton Sioux), known as Struck By-the-Ree. However, the journals of the expedition make no mention of this incident.
Struck-by-the-Ree and several other headmen journeyed to Washington, D.C., in late 1857 to negotiate a treaty with the federal government. For more than three and a half months, they worked out the terms of a treaty of land cession. The Treaty of Washington was signed April 19, 1858.
Returning from Washington, Padaniapapi (Struck-by-The-Ree) told his people, “The white men are coming in like maggots. It is useless to resist them. They are many more than we are. We could not hope to stop them. Many of our brave warriors would be killed, our women and children left in sorrow, and still we would not stop them. We must accept it, get the best terms we can get and try to adopt their ways.”
Arthur Amiotte, (Oglala Lakota)-Painter, Sculptor, Author, Historian
Bryan Akipa, flutist (Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate)
In the News: