US Tribes H to J

Click on a letter of the alphabet to go to US Tribes starting with that letter. Where known, the official name is used. 

Click on a letter of the alphabet to go to US Tribes starting with that letter. Where known, the official name is used.

Linked tribal names go to their profile index page which will contain more links to sections of our site where you can find articles about that tribe and related tribes.

A-B   C-D   E-F-G   H-I-J   K-L-M   N-O-P  Q-R-S   T-U-V   W-X-Y-Z

KEY:(F)= Federally Recognized, (S)= State Recognized, (T)= Terminated, (U)= Unrecognized, (M)= Mesoamerican Civilizations,(P)= Petitioning for Recognition, (C)= Canadian Tribes, (E)= Extinct, (IRA)= Indian Reorganization Act

Indian tribes are unique legal entities in the United States and are distinct political communities with extensive powers of self-government. Tribal sovereignty predates the U.S. government.

Treaties, federal statutes and executive agreements over the past 200 years have established a special trust relationship between tribes and the federal government.

The federal Bureau of Indian Affairs (B.I.A.) has been designated by the Secretary of the Interior as the primary agency to protect tribal interests and administer trust responsibilities. Inclusion on this site does NOT mean an endorsement has been made for recognition of any particular tribe.

All entities claiming to be US indian tribes that we are aware of have been included for completeness. Where known, we have indicated official tribal status with our Key Chart, based on information released by the BIA as of May 2016.

In many cases we have not verified the validity of the claim of tribal status, and leave it to your own common sense or further research to validate tribal claims.

Alternate names in parenthesis are either older names that were once used to identify that tribe, or they are misspellings.

Links to tribal profile pages are at the bottom of the page.

us tribes starting with H


Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska


Haliwa-Saponi (North Carolina) (S)

Haliwa-Saponi Tribal School


Hassanamisco (Massachusetts) (S)


Havasupai Tribe of the Havasuapi Reservation (Arizona) (F)

Hidatsa: (Hinatsa, Hidasta)

Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation) (North Dakota) (F)

Ho-Chunk: (Hocak, Hochunk)

Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin (F) (formerly the Wisconsin Winnebago Tribe)


Hoh Indian Tribe of the Hoh Indian Reservation (Washington)(F)

Hooopa (Hupa):

Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria (California) (F)
Hoopa Valley Tribe (California) (F)


Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation (Arizona and California) (Mohave, Chemehuevi, Hopi and Navajo) (F)
Hopi Tribe of Arizona (F)


United Houma Nation (Louisiana) (S)


Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation (Arizona) (F)


Huron Potawatomi, Inc. (Michigan) (F) – See Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi

Wyandotte Nation (formerly the Huron Tribe)

Hamilton Village

Hoonah Indian Tribe (IRA)

Huslia Tribe

Hydaburg Cooperative Tribe (IRA)


Halkomelem (Halqomelem, Halqomeylem)

Han (Hän, Hankutchin, Han Hwech’in)















Huarijio (Huarihio, Huarijío)


Huichol (Huichola)(M)


Hupa – See Hoopa



us tribes starting with I


Illini (Illiniwek, Illinois) – See Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma

Indian Colony:

An Indian Colony is a Native American settlement associated with an urban area. Although some of them became official Indian reservations, they differ from most reservations in that they are located where Native Americans could find jobs in the white economy and originally formed without federal encouragement or sanction.

Indian Colonies are especially common in the Great Basin culture area.

As the Great Basin ecosystem is very fragile, native lifeways became untenable soon after white settlement due to livestock over-grazing, water diversions and the felling of Pinyon pine groves.

At that time there were few official reservations in the area, and those were terribly run even by contemporary standards. Many Native Americans chose instead to seek jobs in white ranches, farms and cities.

The areas in which they settled became known as Indian Camps or Colonies.

In some cases they owned the land they settled on, in other cases they settled on public land. Starting in the early twentieth century, the federal government began establishing Indian trust territories for the colonies on public land.

Following the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, many of the Indian colonies gained federal recognition as tribes.

Bridgeport Indian Colony (California) — See Paiute

Burns Paiute Tribe (Burns Indian Colony) (Oregon) — See Paiute

Ely Shoshone Tribe (Ely Indian Colony) (Nevada) — Also See Shoshone

Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe (Fallon Indian Colony) (Nevada) — See Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony

Las Vegas Paiute Tribe (Las Vegas Indian Colony) (Nevada) — See Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony

Lovelock Paiute Tribe (Lovelock Indian Colony) (Nevada) — See Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony

Reno-Sparks Indian Colony (Nevada)(F) — Also See Washoe, Paiute and Shoshone

Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians, Battle Mountain Band (Battle Mountain Indian Colony) (Nevada) –See Shoshone

Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians, Elko Band (Elko Indian Colony) (Nevada) –See Shoshone

Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians, Wells Band (Wells Indian Colony) (Nevada) — See Shoshone

Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California, Carson Community Council (Carson City Indian Colony) (Nevada) — See Washoe

Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California, Dresslerville Council (Dresslerville Indian Colony) (Nevada) — See Washoe

Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California, Stewart Community Council (Stewart Indian Colony) (Nevada) — See Washoe

Winnemucca Colony (Nevada) — See Paiute

Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California, Woodfords Community Council (Woodfords Indian Colony) (California) — Also See Washoe

Yerington Paiute Tribe (Yerington Indian Colony) (Nevada) — Also See Paiute


Inupiaq (Inuktitut, Inuit, Inupiat, Inupiaq, Inupiatun) See Alaskan Natives.


Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska (F)
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma (F)
Iowa-Oto (Ioway)

Isleta Pueblo— See Pueblo Indians

Inca — See Ancient Indians

Ineseño (Inezeño)

Ingalik (Ingalit) – See Alaska Indians


Innu- See Alaska Natives



Ishak, Isleño, Isleta del Sur — See Pueblo Indians

Itza Maya (Itzaj, Itzah) — See Ancient Indians


us tribes starting with J

Juaneño (Juaneno) :

Juaneño Band of Mission Indians (California) (S)

James Bay Cree – See Cree

Jemez Pueblo – Also See Pueblo Indians



Article Index:

Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake

The federally recognized Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake have lived in central and northern California since before recorded time.

Hannahville Indian Community

The Hannahville Indian Community is a Potawatomi tribe located in the south-central section of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula in Menominee Country, 20 miles west of Escanaba, MI and 95 miles northeast of Green Bay, WI.

Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation

The Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation is a federally recognized American Indian tribe who has lived in the Grand Canyon for at least the past 800 years. 

Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin
Hoh Indian Tribe
Hoopa Valley Tribe
Hopi Tribe of Arizona
Hopland Band of Pomo Indians
Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation
Iipay Nation of Santa Ysabel
Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation
Ione Band of Miwok Indians of California
Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma
Jackson Band of Miwuk Indians
Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe
Jamul Indian Village of California
Jena Band of Choctaw Indians
Jicarilla Apache Nation