Extinct Tribes A to C


An alphabetical list of extinct native american indian tribes of the United States A to C.

Each tribal profile explains who they were, where they lived, how they lived, an account of first contact with Europeans, population if known, and a brief explanation of what happed to them.

Links to tribal profile pages are at the bottom of the page.

A-C   D-G   H-J  K-M    N-P   Q-S   T-V   W-Z

Possibly Extinct? Some May be Canadian tribes?

Adai- Alternate name: NateoAhantchuyuks - Alternate name: French Prairie IndiansAlsea - Alternate name: AlceaAnadarko - Alternate name: NadacoAppomattoc - Alternate name: ApamatuksAtakapa - Alternate name: IshaksAtfalati - Alternate names: Falatah, Kalapuya, Tfalati, Wapato LakeAtsugewi - Alternate names: Apwarukei, Hat Creek people, Wamari'iAwaswas - Alternate name: Santa CruzBear River Indians -

Alternate name: NiekeniBeothuk - Extinct. Alternate names: Beathunk, Betoukuag, Macquajeet, Red Indians, Skraelling, UlnoBoothroyd - Alternate name: ChomokChakchiuma - Alternate name: Shaktci HommaChalon - Alternate name: SoledadChemainus - Alternate name: Tsa-mee-nisChichimeca - Alternate names: Caxcanes, Guachichiles, Jonáz, Opata, Pame, Tecuexes, Úza, ZacatecoComox - Alternate names: Catloltx, K'ómoksConoy - Alternate names:  Acquintanacsuak, Ganawese, PiscatawayCopane - Alternate name: Kopano, QuevenesCora - Alternate Name: NayaritCoree - Alternate name: CoranineCuthead - Alternate name: Pabaksa

Some Extinct, Some Not?

AFFAGOULA, small clan in 1783, on Mississippi river, 8 m. above Point Coupè. AGAWGM, (Wampanoags,) at Sandwich, Mass; others at Ipswich, in 1620, &C.  AHWAJIAWAY, (Minetare,) S. W. Missouri 1820, 3 m. above Mandans; 200 in 1805.

AJOUES, South of the Missouri, and North of the Padoucas; 1,100 in 1760.

ALANSAR, (Fall,) head branches S. fork Saskashawan; 2,500 in 1804.

ALGONKIN, over Canada; from low down the St. Lawrence to Lake of the Woods.

ALIATAN, three tribes in 1805 among the Rocky Mountains, on heads Platte.

ALICHE, Hear Nacogdoches in 1805, then nearly extinct; spoke Caddo.

ALLAKAWEAH, (Paunch,) both sides Yellowstone, heads Big Born river; 2,200 in 1805.

ALLIBAMA, (Creeks,) formerly on that river, but removed to Red River in 1764.

AMALISTES, (Algonkins,) once on St. Lawrence; 500 in 1760.

ANASAGUNTAKOOK, (Abenaki,) on sources Androscoggin, in Maine, till 1750. ANDASTES, once on South shore Lake Erie, S. W. Seneca, who destroyed them in 1672.

APACHES, (Lapane,) between Rio del Norte and sources of Nuaces river; 3,500 in 1817.

APALACHICOLA, once on that river in W. Florida; removed to Red River in 1764.

APPALOUSA, aboriginal in the country of their name; but 40 men in 1805.

AQUANUSCHIONI, the name by which the Iroquois knew themselves.

ARAPAHAS, South side main Canada River; 4,000 in 1836, on Kanzas River.

ARMOUCHIQUOIS, or MARACHITE, (Abenaki,) on River St. John, New Brunswick.

ARRENAMUSE, On St. Antonio River, near its mouth, in Texas ; 120 in 1818.

ASSINNABOIN, (Sioux,) between Assinn. and Missouri river; 1,000 on Ottawa river in 1836.

ATENAS, in a village with the Faculli in 1836, west of the Rocky Mountains.

ATHAPASCOW, about the shores of the great lake of their name. ATNAS, (Ojibewas,) next S. of the Athapascow, about lat. 57° N., in 1790.

ATTACAPAS, in a district of their name in Louisiana; but 50 men in 1805.

ATTAPULGAS, (Seminoles,) on Little r., a branch of Oloklikana, 1820, and 220 souls.

ATTIKAMIGUES, in N. of Canada, destroyed by pestilence in 1670.

AUCOSISCO, (Abenaki,) between the Saco and Androscoggin River in 1630, &c.

ALUGHQUAGA. On E. branch Susquehannah River; 150 in 1768; since extinct.

AYAUAIS, 40 leagues up the Des Moines, S. E. side; 800 in 1805.

AYUTANS, 8,000 in 1820, S. W. the Missouri, near the Rocky Mountains.

BAYAGOULA, W. bank Mississippi, opposite the Colipasa; important in 1699

BEDIES, on Trinity River, La., about 60 m. S. of Nacogdoches; 100 in 1805.

BIG-DEVILS, (Youktons,) 2,501 in 1836; about the heads of Red River.

BILOXI, at Biloxi, Gulf Mex., 1699; a few on Red r., 1804, where they had removed

BLACKFEET, sources Missouri; 30,000 in 1834; nearly destroyed by small-pox, 1838.

BLANCHE, (Bearded, or White,) upper S. branches of the Missouri in 1820.

BLUE-MUD, W., and in the vicinity of the Rocky Mountains in 1820.

BROTIERTON, near Oneida Lake ; composed of various tribes ; 350 in 1836.CADDO, on Red River in 1717, powerful ; on Sodo Bay in 1800; in 1804, 100 men.

CADODACHE, (Nacogdochet,) on Angelina r., 100 m. above the Nechez; 60 in 1820.

CAIWAS, or KAIWA, on main Canada River, and S. of it in 1830.

CALASTHOCLE, N. Columbia, on the Pacific, next N. the Chillates; 200 in 1820.

CALLIMIX, coast of the Pacific, 40 m. N. Columbia River; 1,200 in 1820.

CAMANCHES, (Shoshone,) warlike and numerous; in interior of Texas.

CANARSEE, on Long Island, N. Y., in 1610, from the W. end to Jamaica.

CANCES. (Kansas,) 1805, from Bay of St. Bernard, over Grand r., toward Vera Cruz

CANIBAS, (Abenaki,) numerous in 1607, and after; on both sides Kennebeck River.

CARANKOCA, on peninsula of Bay of St. Bernard, Louisiana; 1,500 in 1805.

CAREE, on the coast between the Nuaces and Rio del Norte; 2,600 in 1817.

CARRIERS, (Nateotetains,) a name given the natives of N. Caledonia by traders.

CASTARANA, between sources Padouca fork and Yellowstone; 5,000 in 1805.

CATAKA, between N. and S. forks of Chien River; about 3,000 in 1804.

CATAWBA, till late, on their river in S. Carolina; 1,500 in 1743, and 450 in 1764.

CATHLACUMUPS, on main shore Columbia River, S. W. Wappatoo i.; 450 in 1820.

CATHLAKAHIKIT, at the rapids of the Columbia, 160 m. up; 900 in 1820.

CATHLAKAMAPS, 80 in. up Columbia River; about 700 in 1820.

CATHLAMAT, on the Pacific, 30 m. S. mouth of Columbia River; 600 in 1820.

CATHLANAMIENAMEN,,on an island in mouth of Wallauuurt River; 400 in 1820.

CATHLANAQUIAH, (Wappatoo,) S. W. side Wappatoo Island; 400 in 1820.

CATHLAPOOTLE, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakamaps; 1,100 in 1820.

CATHLAPOOYA, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 m. from its mouth.

CATHLASKO, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Chippanchikchiks.

CATHLATHLA, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakahikits.

CATHLATH, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 in. from its mouth.

CATTANAUAW, between the Saskashawan and Missouri Rivers, in 1805.

CACGHNEWAGA, places where Christians lived were so called.

CHACTOO, on Red River; in 1805, but 100; indigenous; always lived there.

CHAOUANONS, the French so called the Shawanese; (Chowans ?)

CHEEGEE, (Cherokees,) 50 to 80 m. S. of them; called also Mid. Settlement, 1780.

CHEHAWS, small tribe on Flint River, destroyed by Georgia militia in 1817.

CHEPEYAN, claim from lat. 600 to 65°, long. 1000 to 110° W.; 7,500 in 1812.

CHEROKEE, in Georgia, S. Carolina, &c., till 1836; then forced beyond the Mississippi.

CHESKITALOWA, (Seminoles,) 580 in 1820, W. side Chattahoochee.

CHIEN, (Dog ) near the sources Chien River; 300 in 1805; 200 in 1820.

CHIHEELEESH, 40 m. N. of Columbia River; 1,400 in 1820.

CHICKASAW, between heads of Mobile River in 1780; once 10,000; now in Arkansas.

CHIPPANCHIKCHIKS, 60 in 1820, N. side Columbia River, 220 in. from its mouth.

CHIKAHOMINI, on Matapony River, Va., in 1661; but 3 or 4 in 1790; now extinct.

CHIKAMAUGAS, on Tennessee River, 90 m. below the Cherokees, in 1790.

CHILLATES, 156 in 1820, on the Pacific, N. Columbia River, beyond the Quieetsos.

CHILLUKITEQUAU, on the Columbia, next below the Narrows ; 1,400 in 1820.

CHILTZ, N. of Columbia River, on the Pacific, next N. of the Killaxthocles.

CHIMNAHPUM, on Lewis River, N. W. side of the Columbia; 1,800 in 1820.

CHINNOOK, on N. side Columbia River; in 1820, about 400 in 28 lodges.

CHIPPEWAS, about Lake Superior, and other vast regions of the N., very numerous.

CHITIMICHA, on W. bank Miss. River in 1722; once powerful, then slaves.

CHOKTAW, S. of the Creeks; 15,000 in 1812; in 1848 in Arkansas.

CHOPUNNISH, on Kooskooskee River; 4,300 in 1806, in 73 lodges.

CHOWANOK, (Shawanese ?) in N. Carolina, on Bennet's Creek, in 1708; 3,000 in 1630.

CHOWANS, E. of the Tuscarora in N. Carolina; 60 join the Tuscarora in 1720.

CHRISTENAUX, only another spelling of KNISTENAUX, which see. CLAHCLELLAH, 700 in 1820, on the Columbia River, below the rapids.

CLAKSTAR, W. R., on a river flowing into the Columbia at Wappatoo Island. CLAMOCTOMICII, on the Pacific, next N. of the Chiltz; 260 in 1820.

CLANIMATAS, on the S. W. side of Wappatoo Island; 200 in 1820, W. R.

CLANNARMINIMUNS, S. W. side of Wappatoo Island; 280 in 1820, W. R.

CLSTSOPS, about 2 m. N. of the mouth of Columbia River; 1,300 in 1820.

CLARKAMES, on a river of their name flowing into the Wallaumut; 1,800 in 1820. CNEIS, on a river flowing into Sabine Lake, 1690; the COENIS of Hennepin, probably.

COHAKIES, nearly destroyed in Pontiak's time; in 1800, a few near Lake Winnebago.

COLAPISSAS, on E. bank Mississippi in 1720, opposite head of Lake Pontchartrain.

CONCHATTAS came to Appalousas in 1794, from E. the Mississ.; in 1801, on Sabine.

CONGAREES, a small tribe on Congaree River, S. Carolina, in 1701; long since gone.

CoNOYS, perhaps Kanliawas, being once on that river; (Canais, and variations.)

COOKKOO-OOSE, 1,500 in 18016, coast of Pacific, S. of Columbia r., and S. of Killawats.

COOPSPELLAR, on a river falling into the Columbia, N. of Clark's; 1,600 in 1806.

COOSADAS, (Creeks,) once resided near the River Tallapoosie.

COPPER, so called from their copper ornaments, on Coppermine River, in the north.

CREEES, (Tuscaroras,) on Neus River, N Carolina, in 1700, and subsequently.

CORONKAWA, on St. Jacintho River, between Trinity and Brazos; 350 in 1820.

COWLITSICK, on Columbia River, 62 m. from its mouth, in 3 villages; 2,400 in 1820.

CREEKS, (Muscogees,) Savannah r. to St. Augustine, thence to Flint r., 1730.

CREES, (Lynx, or Cat,) another name of the Knistenaux, or a part of them.

CROWS, (Absorokas,) S. branches of the Yellowstone River; 45,000 in 1834.

CUTSAHNIM, on both sides Columbia River, above the Sokulks; 1,200 in 1820.

Indian Tribes and Nations existing in 1880. Some now Extinct?


AFFAGOULA, small clan in 1783, on Mississippi river, 8 m. above Point Coupè.

AGAWGM, (Wampanoags,) at Sandwich, Mass; others at Ipswich, in 1620, &C. 

AHWAJIAWAY, (Minetare,) S. W. Missouri 1820, 3 m. above Mandans; 200 in 1805.

AJOUES, South of the Missouri, and North of the Padoucas; 1,100 in 1760.

ALANSAR, (Fall,) head branches S. fork Saskashawan; 2,500 in 1804.

ALGONKIN, over Canada; from low down the St. Lawrence to Lake of the Woods.

ALIATAN, three tribes in 1805 among the Rocky Mountains, on heads Platte.

ALICHE, Hear Nacogdoches in 1805, then nearly extinct; spoke Caddo.

ALLAKAWEAH, (Paunch,) both sides Yellowstone, heads Big Born river; 2,200 in 1805.

ALLIBAMA, (Creeks,) formerly on that river, but removed to Red River in 1764.

AMALISTES, (Algonkins,) once on St. Lawrence; 500 in 1760.

ANASAGUNTAKOOK, (Abenaki,) on sources Androscoggin, in Maine, till 1750.

ANDASTES, once on South shore Lake Erie, S. W. Seneca, who destroyed them in 1672.

APACHES, (Lapane,) between Rio del Norte and sources of Nuaces river; 3,500 in 1817.

APALACHICOLA, once on that river in W. Florida; removed to Red River in 1764.

APPALOUSA, aboriginal in the country of their name; but 40 men in 1805.

AQUANUSCHIONI, the name by which the Iroquois knew themselves.

ARAPAHAS, South side main Canada River; 4,000 in 1836, on Kanzas River.

ARMOUCHIQUOIS, or MARACHITE, (Abenaki,) on River St. John, New Brunswick.

ARRENAMUSE, On St. Antonio River, near its mouth, in Texas ; 120 in 1818.

ASSINNABOIN, (Sioux,) between Assinn. and Missouri river; 1,000 on Ottawa river in 1836.

ATENAS, in a village with the Faculli in 1836, west of the Rocky Mountains.

ATHAPASCOW, about the shores of the great lake of their name.

ATNAS, (Ojibewas,) next S. of the Athapascow, about lat. 57° N., in 1790.

ATTACAPAS, in a district of their name in Louisiana; but 50 men in 1805.

ATTAPULGAS, (Seminoles,) on Little r., a branch of Oloklikana, 1820, and 220 souls.

ATTIKAMIGUES, in N. of Canada, destroyed by pestilence in 1670.

AUCOSISCO, (Abenaki,) between the Saco and Androscoggin River in 1630, &c.

ALUGHQUAGA. On E. branch Susquehannah River; 150 in 1768; since extinct.

AYAUAIS, 40 leagues up the Des Moines, S. E. side; 800 in 1805.

AYUTANS, 8,000 in 1820, S. W. the Missouri, near the Rocky Mountains.

BAYAGOULA, W. bank Mississippi, opposite the Colipasa; important in 1699

BEDIES, on Trinity River, La., about 60 m. S. of Nacogdoches; 100 in 1805.

BIG-DEVILS, (Youktons,) 2,501 in 1836; about the heads of Red River. BILOXI, at Biloxi, Gulf Mex., 1699; a few on Red r., 1804, where they had removed

BLACKFEET, sources Missouri; 30,000 in 1834; nearly destroyed by small-pox, 1838.

BLANCHE, (Bearded, or White,) upper S. branches of the Missouri in 1820.

BLUE-MUD, W., and in the vicinity of the Rocky Mountains in 1820.

BROTIERTON, near Oneida Lake ; composed of various tribes ; 350 in 1836.

CADDO, on Red River in 1717, powerful ; on Sodo Bay in 1800; in 1804, 100 men.

CADODACHE, (Nacogdochet,) on Angelina r., 100 m. above the Nechez; 60 in 1820.

CAIWAS, or KAIWA, on main Canada River, and S. of it in 1830.

CALASTHOCLE, N. Columbia, on the Pacific, next N. the Chillates; 200 in 1820.

CALLIMIX, coast of the Pacific, 40 m. N. Columbia River; 1,200 in 1820.

CAMANCHES, (Shoshone,) warlike and numerous; in interior of Texas.

CANARSEE, on Long Island, N. Y., in 1610, from the W. end to Jamaica.

CANCES. (Kansas,) 1805, from Bay of St. Bernard, over Grand r., toward Vera Cruz

CANIBAS, (Abenaki,) numerous in 1607, and after; on both sides Kennebeck River.

CARANKOCA, on peninsula of Bay of St. Bernard, Louisiana; 1,500 in 1805.

CAREE, on the coast between the Nuaces and Rio del Norte; 2,600 in 1817.

CARRIERS, (Nateotetains,) a name given the natives of N. Caledonia by traders.

CASTARANA, between sources Padouca fork and Yellowstone; 5,000 in 1805.

CATAKA, between N. and S. forks of Chien River; about 3,000 in 1804.

CATAWBA, till late, on their river in S. Carolina; 1,500 in 1743, and 450 in 1764.

CATHLACUMUPS, on main shore Columbia River, S. W. Wappatoo i.; 450 in 1820.

CATHLAKAHIKIT, at the rapids of the Columbia, 160 m. up; 900 in 1820.

CATHLAKAMAPS, 80 in. up Columbia River; about 700 in 1820.

CATHLAMAT, on the Pacific, 30 m. S. mouth of Columbia River; 600 in 1820.

CATHLANAMIENAMEN,,on an island in mouth of Wallauuurt River; 400 in 1820.

CATHLANAQUIAH, (Wappatoo,) S. W. side Wappatoo Island; 400 in 1820.

CATHLAPOOTLE, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakamaps; 1,100 in 1820.

CATHLAPOOYA, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 m. from its mouth.

CATHLASKO, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Chippanchikchiks.

CATHLATHLA, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakahikits.

CATHLATH, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 in. from its mouth.

CATTANAUAW, between the Saskashawan and Missouri Rivers, in 1805.

CACGHNEWAGA, places where Christians lived were so called.

CHACTOO, on Red River; in 1805, but 100; indigenous; always lived there.

CHAOUANONS, the French so called the Shawanese; (Chowans ?)

CHEEGEE, (Cherokees,) 50 to 80 m. S. of them; called also Mid. Settlement, 1780.

CHEHAWS, small tribe on Flint River, destroyed by Georgia militia in 1817.

CHEPEYAN, claim from lat. 600 to 65°, long. 1000 to 110° W.; 7,500 in 1812.

CHEROKEE, in Georgia, S. Carolina, &c., till 1836; then forced beyond the Mississippi.

CHESKITALOWA, (Seminoles,) 580 in 1820, W. side Chattahoochee.

CHIEN, (Dog ) near the sources Chien River; 300 in 1805; 200 in 1820.

CHIHEELEESH, 40 m. N. of Columbia River; 1,400 in 1820.

CHICKASAW, between heads of Mobile River in 1780; once 10,000; now in Arkansas.

CHIPPANCHIKCHIKS, 60 in 1820, N. side Columbia River, 220 in. from its mouth.

CHIKAHOMINI, on Matapony River, Va., in 1661; but 3 or 4 in 1790; now extinct.

CHIKAMAUGAS, on Tennessee River, 90 m. below the Cherokees, in 1790.

CHILLATES, 156 in 1820, on the Pacific, N. Columbia River, beyond the Quieetsos.

CHILLUKITEQUAU, on the Columbia, next below the Narrows ; 1,400 in 1820.

CHILTZ, N. of Columbia River, on the Pacific, next N. of the Killaxthocles.

CHIMNAHPUM, on Lewis River, N. W. side of the Columbia; 1,800 in 1820.

CHINNOOK, on N. side Columbia River; in 1820, about 400 in 28 lodges.

CHIPPEWAS, about Lake Superior, and other vast regions of the N., very numerous.

CHITIMICHA, on W. bank Miss. River in 1722; once powerful, then slaves.

CHOKTAW, S. of the Creeks; 15,000 in 1812; in 1848 in Arkansas.

CHOPUNNISH, on Kooskooskee River; 4,300 in 1806, in 73 lodges. CHOWANOK, (Shawanese ?) in N. Carolina, on Bennet's Creek, in 1708; 3,000 in 1630.

CHOWANS, E. of the Tuscarora in N. Carolina; 60 join the Tuscarora in 1720.

CHRISTENAUX, only another spelling of KNISTENAUX, which see.

CLAHCLELLAH, 700 in 1820, on the Columbia River, below the rapids.

CLAKSTAR, W. R., on a river flowing into the Columbia at Wappatoo Island.

CLAMOCTOMICII, on the Pacific, next N. of the Chiltz; 260 in 1820.

CLANIMATAS, on the S. W. side of Wappatoo Island; 200 in 1820, W. R.

CLANNARMINIMUNS, S. W. side of Wappatoo Island; 280 in 1820, W. R.

CLSTSOPS, about 2 m. N. of the mouth of Columbia River; 1,300 in 1820. CLARKAMES, on a river of their name flowing into the Wallaumut; 1,800 in 1820. CNEIS, on a river flowing into Sabine Lake, 1690; the COENIS of Hennepin, probably.

COHAKIES, nearly destroyed in Pontiak's time; in 1800, a few near Lake Winnebago.

COLAPISSAS, on E. bank Mississippi in 1720, opposite head of Lake Pontchartrain.

CONCHATTAS came to Appalousas in 1794, from E. the Mississ.; in 1801, on Sabine.

CONGAREES, a small tribe on Congaree River, S. Carolina, in 1701; long since gone

. CoNOYS, perhaps Kanliawas, being once on that river; (Canais, and variations.)

COOKKOO-OOSE, 1,500 in 18016, coast of Pacific, S. of Columbia r., and S. of Killawats.

COOPSPELLAR, on a river falling into the Columbia, N. of Clark's; 1,600 in 1806.

COOSADAS, (Creeks,) once resided near the River Tallapoosie. COPPER, so called from their copper ornaments, on Coppermine River, in the north.

CREEES, (Tuscaroras,) on Neus River, N Carolina, in 1700, and subsequently.

CORONKAWA, on St. Jacintho River, between Trinity and Brazos; 350 in 1820.

COWLITSICK, on Columbia River, 62 m. from its mouth, in 3 villages; 2,400 in 1820.

CREEKS, (Muscogees,) Savannah r. to St. Augustine, thence to Flint r., 1730.

CREES, (Lynx, or Cat,) another name of the Knistenaux, or a part of them.

CROWS, (Absorokas,) S. branches of the Yellowstone River; 45,000 in 1834.

CUTSAHNIM, on both sides Columbia River, above the Sokulks; 1,200 in 1820.
Also see Un-recognized tribes:
Apalachees of Northwest Florida from Mission San Luis

 

Article Index:

Ababco tribe

The Ababco were an eastern Algonquian tribe or sub-tribe.

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Aberginian Indians

Aberginian is a collective term used by the early settlers on Massachusetts Bay for the tribes to the north. They were described in 1654 as consisting of the Massachusett, Wippanap, and Tarratine tribes.

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Acolapissa merged with the Houma

The Acolapissa disappeared as a separate tribe during 1765, and their subsequent history is identical with the Houma with whom they merged. The Houma remained in Ascension Parish until 1776 when they were overrun by settlement. They sold their land to two French Creoles that year, but small groups of them remained in the vicinity until 1840. However, by 1785 the majority had moved southwest and concentrated in La Fourche and Terrebonne Parishes (Houma, Louisiana) about 25 miles from New Orleans.

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Acuera Indians
Agna Dulce Indians, also known as the Freshwater Tribe
Beothuk Indians
Calusa Indians
Chimariko Tribe of California