us tribes starting with H, I, and J
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 us tribes starting with H, I, and J

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us tribes starting with H, I, and J Index

Indian tribes are unique legal entities in the United States and are distinct political communities with extensive powers of self-government. Tribal sovereignty predates the U.S. government. Treaties, federal statutes and executive agreements over the past 200 years have established a special trust relationship between tribes and the federal government. The federal Bureau of Indian Affairs (B.I.A.) has been designated by the Secretary of the Interior as the primary agency to protect tribal interests and administer trust responsibilities.

Inclusion on this site does NOT mean an endorsement has been made for recognition of any particular tribe. All entities claiming to be US indian tribes that we are aware of have been included for completeness. Where known, we have indicated official tribal status with our Key Chart. In many cases we have not verified the validity of the claim of tribal status, and leave it to your own common sense or further research to validate tribal claims.

Alternate names in parenthesis are either older names that were once used to identify that tribe, or they are misspellings.


Click on a letter of the alphabet to go to US Tribes starting with that letter. Where known, the official name is used. Linked tribal names go to their profile page which will contain more links to sections of our site where you can find articles about that tribe and related tribes.
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(F)= Federally Recognized, (S)= State Recognized, (T)= Terminated,
(U)= Unrecognized, (M)= Mesoamerican Civilizations,(P)= Petitioning for Recognition,
(C)= Canadian Tribes, (E)= Extinct, (IRA)= Indian Reorganization Act

us tribes starting with H

    Alaskan Villages:

  • Healy Lake Village
  • Hooper Bay Village
  • Holy Cross Village
  • Hughes Village
  • Haida:

  • Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska


  • Haliwa-Saponi (North Carolina) (S)
    • Haliwa-Saponi Tribal School


  • Hassanamisco (Massachusetts) (S)


  • Havasupai Tribe of the Havasuapi Reservation (Arizona) (F)

    Hidatsa: (Hinatsa, Hidasta)

  • Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation) (North Dakota) (F)

    Ho-Chunk: (Hocak, Hochunk)

  • Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin (F) (formerly the Wisconsin Winnebago Tribe)


  • Hoh Indian Tribe of the Hoh Indian Reservation (Washington)(F)

    Hooopa Valley:

  • Hoopa Valley Tribe(California) (F)


  • Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation (Arizona and California) (Mohave, Chemehuevi, Hopi and Navajo) (F)
  • Hopi Tribe of Arizona (F)


  • United Houma Nation (Louisiana) (S)


  • Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation (Arizona) (F)


  • Huron Potawatomi, Inc. (Michigan) (F)
  • Hamilton Village
  • Hannahville Indian Tribe
  • Hoonah Indian Tribe (IRA)
  • Hopland Band of Pomo Indians -- See Pomo Indians
  • Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians -- See Maliseet Indians
  • Huslia Tribe
  • Hydaburg Cooperative Tribe (IRA)
  • Haisla
  • Halkomelem (Halqomelem, Halqomeylem)
  • Han (Hän, Hankutchin, Han Hwech'in)
  • Hanesak
  • Hanis
  • Hare
  • Hatteras
  • Haudenosaunee
  • Hawaiian
  • Heiltsuk
  • Heve
  • Hiaki
  • Hinonoeino
  • Hochelagan
  • Holikachuk
  • Holkomelem
  • Homalco
  • Hopland Pomo -- See Pomo
  • Huarijio (Huarihio, Huarijío)
  • Huelel
  • Huichol (Huichola)(M)
  • Huichun
  • Hupa
  • Hutyeyu
  • Hwech'in

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    us tribes starting with I

    Alaskan Villages:

  • Igiugig Village
  • Iliamna Village
  • Iqurmuit Village (Russian Mission)
  • Ivanof Bay Village
  • Illinois:

  • Illini (Illiniwek, Illinois)
  • Indian Community:

  • Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana (Assinaboine and Gros Ventre) (Montana)(F)
  • Fort Bidwell Indian Community of the Fort Bidwell Reservation of California (Gidutikad Band of the Northern Paiute)(F)
  • Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians of the Fort Independence Reservation (California) (F) -- See Paiute
  • Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation [Akimel Oodham (Pima) and the Pee-Posh (Maricopa)](Arizona) (F) -- See Pima and Maricopa
  • Hannahville Indian Community (Michigan) (F)
    (previously listed as the Hannahville Indian Community of Wisconsin, and Potawatomie Indians of Michigan) -- See Potawatomie
  • Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation (Lower Kalispel Tribe)(Washington State) (F)
  • Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (Michigan) (F) (previously listed as the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community of L'Anse and Ontonagon Bands of Chippewa Indians of the L'Anse Reservation, Michigan) -- See Chippewa
  • Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota (F) (previously listed as the Lower Sioux Indian Community of Minnesota Mdewakanton Sioux Indians of the Lower Sioux Reservation in Minnesota) -- See Sioux
  • Port Gamble Indian Community of the Port Gamble Reservation (S'Klallam Tribe) (Washington State) (F) (IRA)
  • Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota (F) (previously listed as the Prairie Indian Community of Minnesota Mdewakanton Sioux Indians of the Prairie Island Reservation, Minnesota) -- See Sioux
  • Quartz Valley Indian Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California (Klamath, Karuk, and Shasta Indians)(F)
  • Santa Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria (Tachi Yokut Indians) (California) (F)
  • United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California (Miwok and Maidu Indians)(F)

    Indian Colony:

    An Indian Colony is a Native American settlement associated with an urban area. Although some of them became official Indian reservations, they differ from most reservations in that they are located where Native Americans could find jobs in the white economy and originally formed without federal encouragement or sanction.

    Indian colonies are especially common in Nevada. As the Great Basin ecosystem is very fragile, native lifeways became untenable soon after white settlement due to livestock over-grazing, water diversions and the felling of Pinyon pine groves. At that time there were few official reservations in the area, and those were terribly run even by contemporary standards. Many Native Americans chose instead to seek jobs in white ranches, farms and cities. The areas in which they settled became known as Indian Camps or Colonies.

    In some cases they owned the land they settled on, in other cases they settled on public land. Starting in the early twentieth century, the federal government began establishing Indian trust territories for the colonies on public land.Following the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, many of the Indian colonies gained federal recognition as tribes.

  • Bridgeport Indian Colony (California) -- See Paiute
  • Burns Paiute Tribe (Burns Indian Colony) (Oregon) -- See Paiute
  • Ely Shoshone Tribe (Ely Indian Colony) (Nevada) -- See Shoshone
  • Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe (Fallon Indian Colony) (Nevada) -- See Paiute and Shoshone
  • Las Vegas Paiute Tribe (Las Vegas Indian Colony) (Nevada) -- See Paiute
  • Lovelock Paiute Tribe (Lovelock Indian Colony) (Nevada) -- See Paiute
  • Reno-Sparks Indian Colony (Nevada)(F) -- See Washoe, Paiute and Shoshone
  • Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians, Battle Mountain Band (Battle Mountain Indian Colony) (Nevada) --See Shoshone
  • Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians, Elko Band (Elko Indian Colony) (Nevada) --See Shoshone
  • Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians, Wells Band (Wells Indian Colony) (Nevada) -- See Shoshone
  • Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California, Carson Community Council (Carson City Indian Colony) (Nevada) -- See Washoe
  • Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California, Dresslerville Council (Dresslerville Indian Colony) (Nevada) -- See Washoe
  • Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California, Stewart Community Council (Stewart Indian Colony) (Nevada) -- See Washoe
  • Winnemucca Colony (Nevada) -- See Paiute
  • Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California, Woodfords Community Council (Woodfords Indian Colony) (California) -- See Washoe
  • Yerington Paiute Tribe (Yerington Indian Colony) (Nevada) -- See Paiute
  • Innupiaq:

  • Inupiaq (Inuktitut, Inuit, Inupiat, Inupiaq, Inupiatun) (Alaska)


  • Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska (F)
  • Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma (F)
  • Iowa-Oto (Ioway)
  • ----
  • Inaja Band of Mission Indians -- See Mission Indians
  • Ione Band of Miwok Indians -- See Miwok Indians
  • Isleta Pueblo -- See Pueblo Indians
  • Inca -- Also See Ancient Indians
  • Ineseño (Inezeño)
  • Ingalik (Ingalit)
  • Innoko
  • Innu
  • Inuna-Ina
  • Iroquois Confederacy
  • Ishak, Isleño, Isleta del Sur -- See Pueblo Indians
  • Itza Maya (Itzaj, Itzah) -- See Ancient Indians
  • Iviatim
  • Iynu

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    us tribes starting with J

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    WHAT's NEW - Recent Site Updates:

    Tribal court rules in favor of Freedmen
    Justices say Cherokees must grant membership to descendants of slaves.

    Three more Indian tribes recognized in SC
    Three more American Indian groups have been officially recognized as tribes in South Carolina. The tribes are the Pee Dee Indian Tribe of South Carolina, the Beaver Creek Indians and the Santee Indian Organization.

    Two Nez Perce warriors returned for burial
    Two Nez Perce warriors were buried in northcentral Idaho on Friday and Saturday, more than a century after they died in the 1877 Battle of the Big Hole.

    Cayuga tribe acquires first large parcel in more than 200 years
    The Cayuga Indian Nation of New York has purchased a farm in the Finger Lakes region, the tribe's first large acquisition since being driven from its homeland during the Revolutionary War.

    Hannahville Potawatomi Indian Community
    The Hannahville Potawatomi Indian Community is located in the south-central section of Michigan's Upper Peninsula in Menominee Country, 20 miles west of Escanaba, MI and 95 miles northeast of Green Bay, WI.

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