Treaties by Year
Complete texts of Native American Indian treaties arranged by year.
Wolf River Treaty of 1854 (Menominee)
1863 Western Shoshone Treaty of Ruby Valley
The first treaty signed by the United States was with the Delaware (also known as Lenape) at Fort Pitt in 1778. The Articles of Confederation were adopted between the states a little over a year earlier in 1777, to establish a government independent of British rule. The primary purposes of the treaty with the Delaware was to gain Delaware trade, and political and military alliance on the side of the Americans during the War of Independence. The British likewise sought military and political alliances among the Indian nations to fight against the rebellious Americans.
This is the full text with signees of a 1784 Treaty with the Six Nations signed at Fort Stanwix on October 22, 1784, representing the Senecas, Mohawks, Onondagas, Cayugas, Oneida and Tuscarora nations.
Articles concluded at Hopewell, on the Keowee, between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, Joseph Martin, and Lachlan M’Intosh, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one Part, and the Head-Men and Warriors of all the Cherokees of the other signed on November 28, 1785 at Hopewell.