The Battle of Fallen Timbers

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The Battle of Fallen Timbers was a conflict between Native American Indians and the United States on August 20, 1794.

The Native American forces were an alliance of Chippewa, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Shawnee, Delaware, and Mingo forces led by the Shawnee leader Weyapiersenwah (Blue Jacket). He was an important predecessor of the famous Shawnee leader Tecumseh. Little is known of Blue Jacket’s early life. Many years after his death, a story appeared that he was in fact a white man.

This was one of the strongest Native American alliances to date. They had previously achieved several major victories over the United States in a series of insurrections (suspected to have been incited by the British), but when they found themselves face-to-face with a full sized army, they failed to mount an effective resistance. 

The United States troops, led by General Anthony Wayne, crushed the Native American forces and then proceeded down the Maumee River, razing Native American villages and crops as they went. 

The defeat led to the signing of the Treaty of Greenville. The Treaty of Greenville was signed on August 3, 1795 between a coalition of Native American tribes and the United States following the Native American loss at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. The United States was represented by Anthony Wayne, the General who defeated the native americans and razed their villages a year earlier at Fallen Timbers. 

In exchange for monetary compensation the native american tribes turned their lands over to the United States. These lands included: 

Large parts of modern-day Ohio

The future site of Chicago

The Fort Detroit area