St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin


Last Updated: 11 months

The St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin were federally recognized in 1938. They have lived in what is present-day Wisconsin for centuries.


Official Tribal Name: St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin

Address: 24663 Angeline Avenue, Webster, WI 54893
Phone: (800) 236-2195
Fax: 715-349-5768

Official Website:

Recognition Status: Federally Recognized

Traditional Name / Traditional Meaning:

Anishinaabe– Original People.

Today the Anishinaabe have two tribes: Ojibway/Ojibwe/Chippewa (Algonquian Indian for “puckered,” referring to their moccasin style) and Algonquin (probably a French corruption of either the Maliseet word elehgumoqik, “our allies,” or the Mi’kmaq place name Algoomaking, “fish-spearing place).

Common Name / Meaning of Common Name:

Alternate names /Alternate spellings:  Chippaway, Chippewyn, Chipewa, Chipawa, Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Ojibway, More names for Ojibwe

Ojibwe / Chippewa in other languages:

Aoechisaeronon or Eskiaeronnon (Huron)
Assisagigroone (Iroquois)
Axshissayerunu (Wyandot)
Bawichtigouek or Paouichtigouin (French)
Bedzaqetcha (Tsattine)
Bedzietcho (Kawchodinne)
Dewakanha (Mohawk)
Dshipowehaga (Caughnawaga)
Dwakanen (Onondaga)
Hahatonwan (Dakota)
Hahatonway (Hidatsa)
Jumper, Kutaki (Fox)
Leaper, Neayaog (Cree)
Nwaka (Tuscarora)
Ostiagahoroone (Iroquois)
Rabbit People (Plains Cree)
Regatci or Negatce (Winnebago)
Saulteur (Saulteaux)
Sore Face (Hunkpapa Lakota)
Sotoe (British)
Wahkahtowah (Assiniboine)

Region: Northeast  (Eastern Woodland) –> Ojibwa, Chippewa and Potawatomi

State(s) Today: Wisconsin

Traditional Territory:

Confederacy: Ojibwe (Chippewa)


Reservation: Saint Croix Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land

Land Area: 4,689 acres

Tribal Headquarters: Webster, WI
Time Zone: Central

Population at Contact:

Registered Population Today: Approximately 1,054 tribal members


Tribal Enrollment Requirements:

Genealogy Resources:


Name of Governing Body:
Number of Council members: St. Croix is governed by a five person council.
Dates of Constitutional amendments:
Number of Executive Officers:

Elections: Elections are held every two years.

Language Classification:

Language Dialects:

Number of fluent Speakers:



Bands, Gens, and Clans

Related Tribes:

Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians
Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan
Citizen Potawatomi Nation
Forest County Potawatomi
Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians
Hannaville Indian Community
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community
La Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Lac de Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians
Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Potawatomi
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
Saginaw Chippewa Indians
Sokaogon Chippewa Community
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians

Traditional Allies:

Traditional Enemies:

Ceremonies / Dances:

Modern Day Events & Tourism:

Legends / Oral Stories:

Art & Crafts:





Economy Today:

The St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin is one of the largest employers in Northwest Wisconsin with over 2,000 employees in its Government center, casinos and enterprises. The Tribe operates two casinos, the St. Croix Casino and Hotel in Turtle Lake, WI and the St. Croix Casino in Danbury, WI. They also operate a convenience strore/gas station, an aquaculture facility and commercial fishery, a grocery store, a check cashing business, construction company, travel agency, an office building complex, a campground, four smokeshop/giftshops, a Drug and Alcohol halfway home, screen printing shop, and an Information Technology Software company.






Religion & Spiritual Beliefs:

Burial Customs:

Wedding Customs


Ojibwe / Chippewa People of Note

Renae Morriseau

Catastrophic Events:

Sandy Lake Tragedy – The Sandy Lake Tragedy was the culmination of a series of events centered in Sandy Lake, Minnesota, that resulted in the deaths in 1850 of about 400 Lake Superior Chippewa when officials of the Zachary Taylor Administration and Minnesota Territory tried to relocate several bands of the tribe to areas west of the Mississippi River.

Tribe History:

In the News:

Further Reading: