Robinson Rancheria is the home of primarily Pomo people. They also have some Athabascan or Dene People, and Algonquin people including the Wappo, Wiyot, Yuki, and Yurok. They are located in Lake County on the northwestern edge of Clear Lake in Northern California.
Official Tribal Name: Robinson Rancheria
Address: P.O. Box 4015, Nice, CA 95464
Email: [email protected]
Official Website: www.robinsonrancheria.org
Recognition Status: Federally Recognized
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Formerly known as the Robinson Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, California and the Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians
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State(s) Today: California
Reservation: Robinson Rancheria and Off-Reservation Trust Land
Land Area: The location of the largest acreage of Robinson Rancheria’s land base is approximately 107 acres. Most of the tribal property lies adjacent to State Highway 20 between the small communities of Upper Lake and Nice.
The site was purchased in 1981, as a result of a unique set of circumstances stemming from a settlement agreement between members of the Robinson Rancheria and the United States government (Mabel Duncan, et.al. v. United States of America, 667 F. 2nd 36 (Ct. Cl. 1981). The court case held that the U.S. government illegally terminated the reservation status of the Indians at Old Robinson in 1956. Based on the cited court case, federal recognition was reinstated in the 1960s.
Population at Contact:
Registered Population Today: About 477 members.
Tribal Enrollment Requirements:
Government: In the 1978, the Robinson Rancheria organized a tribal government and adopted a Tribal Constitution in 1980.
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Number of Council members: 3 members-at-large, plus executive officers
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Number of Executive Officers: Tribal Chairman, Vice-Chair, Secretary-Treasurer
Number of fluent Speakers: In 1956, ninety percent of the tribal members were relocated to urban areas as part of the termination process. This caused a generation of cultural heritage to be shamefully repressed, and then lost to the next two generations. As a result tradition, culture, and language were almost lost.
Bands, Gens, and Clans
- Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria (F) Pomo and Pit River Indians
- Cahto Indian Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria (F) Cahto and Pomo Indians.
- Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California) Pomo Indians.
- Coyote Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California) Shodakai Pomo
- Dry Creek Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California) A group of more than 70 different tribes
- Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria (F) Southeastern Pomo
- Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria (F) (Coast Miwok and Southern Pomo)
- Guidiville Rancheria of California (F) Pomo Indians
- Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake (F) Pomo Indians
- Hopland Band of Pomo Indians of the Hopland Rancheria (F) Pomo Indians
- Kashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria (F) Pomo Indians
- Lytton Rancheria of California (F) Achomawi (Pit River), Nomlaki and Pomo Indians.
- Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester-Point Arena Rancheria (F) Pomo Indians
- Middletown Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) Pomo, Wappo and Lake Miwok Indians
- Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California (F) Chukchansi, Pomo, and approximately 60 other tribes.
- Pinoleville Pomo Nation (formerly the Pinoleville Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California) (F) Pomo Indians.
- Potter Valley Tribe (F) Pomo Indians
- Redwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) Pomo Indians
- Redding Rancheria – Pomo,Wintun, Achomawi (Pit River), and Yana Indians.
- Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) Primarily Pomo people. They also have some Athabascan or Dene People, and Algonquin people including the Wappo, Wiyot, Yuki, and Yurok.
- Round Valley Indian Tribes of the Round Valley Reservation (F) Yuki, Concow, Little Lake and other Pomo, Nomlaki, Cahto, Wailaki, and Pit River peoples.
- Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California (F) Pomo and Wailaki Indians
- Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) Pomo Indians
- Yokayo Rancheria (U)
- Yorkville Rancheria (U)
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Housing: In the old days, the Pomo lived in brush covered wikiups. During 1985, 41 housing units were constructed on land acquired through the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). A large number of tribal members now reside on the rancheria.
Subsistance: The Pomo were hunter gatherers. Their staple food was acorns. They also hunted small game and harvested other roots and berries.
Economy Today: The Robinson Rancheria owns a resort and casino, an RV park and marina, a recycling plant, and a smoke shop. Most members are employed in tribal government or tribal enterprises.
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