Poarch Band of Creeks


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The Poarch Band of Creeks descends from Muscogee Creek Indians who sided with the United States in the Creek War of 1813–1814. Many Creeks remained in Alabama despite the Indian Removal Act of 1830. They are recognized by the Federal Government.

They have lived in Alabama as a distinct community for the last two centuries. The Poarch Band represents only some of the descendants of those who were not removed. Over the decades, many Indians intermarried with African-American or European-American neighbors, and some descendants assimilated into those social and cultural groups.

Official Tribal Name: Poarch Band of Creeks


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Recognition Status: Federally Recognized

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Formerly known as the Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama

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Region: Southeast

State(s) Today: Alabama

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Confederacy: Muscogee (Creek)


Reservation: Poarch Creek Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land

The Poarch Creek Indian Reservation is located in southern Alabama near the city of Atmore, Alabama. 
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Enrollment traces to one of three rolls: the 1870 U.S. Census of Escambia County, Alabama; 1900 U.S. Census of Escambia County, Alabama; or the 1900 U.S. Special Indian Census of Monroe County. A minimum blood quantum of 1/4 American Indian blood is also required, and you cannot be enrolled in any other tribe.

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Black Creeks adopted through the Dawes Commission between 1898 and 1916


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The tribe owns Poarch Creek Indian Gaming, which operates three casinos: Wind Creek Casino and Hotel in Atmore, Creek Casino Wetumpka (formerly Riverside Entertainment Center) in Wetumpka, and Creek Casino Montgomery (formerly Tallapoosa Entertainment Center) in Montgomery.

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