Southwest Tribes

Southwest Tribes Cultural Area The Southwest Culture Area is a culturally diverse area. Geographically it covers all of Arizona and New Mexico and includes parts of Colorado, Nevada, Utah, and Texas as well as parts of the Mexican states of Sonora and Chihuahua. Much of this area is semi-arid; part of it is true desert (southern Arizona); and part of it has upland and mountain ranges which support conifers. Culturally, the area can be divided into four basic cultural traditions: Pueblo, Athabascan, Piman, and Yuman. In northern Arizona and New Mexico there are several Indian tribes who have traditionally lived in compact villages. The Spanish used the word pueblo which means “town” in referring to these people. The Pueblo people are not a single cultural tradition, but are in fact several distinct cultures. They share some features – farming, housing – and are very different in others. Around 1400 CE a new group of people began to enter the Southwest. These Athabascan-speaking people – the Navajo and the Apache – migrated from the area north of Edmonton, Alberta. The Sonoran desert of Arizona and Sonora is the home of a number of Piman-speaking groups, primarily the Tohono O’odham (Papago) and Akimel O’odham (Pima. The area along the Colorado and Gila Rivers was the traditional home to a number of Yuman-speaking tribes. Pottery The pottery traditions of the Southwestern Pueblos are well-known to museums, art collectors, and others. For many centuries, Pueblo people have made and used a wide variety of pottery containers, including bowls, jars, cups, ladles, and canteens. Pueblo pottery is traditionally formed with a coil technique in which coils of clay are circled around the base of the pot to form the walls of the vessel.Perhaps the best known Pueblo potter is María Martínez of San Ildelfonso Pueblo. Basketry All of the Indian nations in the Southwest produced basketry. Carvings During the past century, the carving of katsina “dolls” has become a major art form which is well-recognized in the art world. These are carved by relatives of little Indian girls and presented to these children at Katsina dances to teach the children the features and meaning of the Katsinas. Traditional carvers feel that those who carve the katsina “dolls” should be able to speak Hopi because knowledge of the language is required to truly participate in Hopi ceremonies. Without full participation in Hopi ceremonies, the carvers cannot know the true spiritual intent of the katsina.While the term “kachina” is more commonly used, the tribe prefers the designation “katsina.” Southwest Tribes Location: Arizona | Nevada | New Mexico | Parts of Utah and Colorado Terrain: Arid Desert, Mountains, Plateaus   Acoma Ak Chin,  Arizona Apachean Chiricahua Jicarilla Mescalero Navajo (Navaho, Diné) Arizona, New Mexico Western Apache (Coyotero Apache), Arizona Apaches, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma Aranama (aka Hanáma, Hanáme, Chaimamé, Charinames, Xaranames, Taranames) Coahuiltecan, Texas, northern Mexico Cochimi, Baja California Cochiti Cocopa, Arizona Comecrudo, Texas, northern Mexico Cotoname (aka Carrizo de Camargo) Genízaro, Arizona, New Mexico Halchidhoma Hano Hualapai Havasupai, Arizona Hohokam, Arizona Hopi Arizona Isleta Isleta del Sur Jemez Jumano Karankawa Kavelchadhom Keres Laguna Los Luceros Mamulique, Texas, northern Mexico Maricopa Mohave Nambe Pecos Picuris Pima, Arizona Pima Bajo Piro Pueblo People, New Mexico Qahatika Quechan, Arizona Quems Sandia (Nafiat was the name for the Bernalillo pueblo) San Carlos Apache San Felipe San Idelfonso San Juan Santa Ana Santa Clara Santo Domingo Solano Suma Taos Tesuque Tewa Tigua Tamique Toboso Tohono O'odham (Papago), Arizona Ubate Walapai Yaqui Yavapai, (Mojave-Apache) see Yavapai-Apache Nation, Yavapai-Prescott Tribe, Arizona (often confused with Tonto Apache and Mojave) Yuma (Quechan) Zia Zuni Southwest Tribes Acoma Ak Chin Arizona Apache Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma Chiricahua Apache Cochimi Baja California Cochiti Cocopa Arizona Halchidhoma Hano Hualapai Havasupai Arizona Hohokam Arizona Hopi Arizona Isleta Isleta del Sur Jemez Jicarilla Apache Jumano Karankawa Kavelchadhom Keres Laguna Los Luceros Maricopa Mescalero Apache Mohave Nambe Navaho Arizona, New Mexico Opata Pecos Pericu Baja California Picuris Pima Arizona Pima Bajo Piro Pueblo people New Mexico Qahatika Quechan Arizona Sandia (Nafiat was the name for the Bernalillo pueblo) San Carlos San Felipe San Idelfonso San Juan Santa Ana Santa Clara Santo Domingo Seri Suma Taos Tesuque Tewa Tigua Toboso Tohono O'odham (Papago) Arizona Northern Tonto Southern Tonto Waicuri (Guaicura) Baja California Walapai Western Apache White Mountain Yavapai see Yavapai-Apache Nation, Yavapai-Prescott Tribe Arizona Yuma (Quechan) Zia Zuni Arctic California Northeast Great Basin Great Plains NW Coast Plateau Southeast Southwest Sub Arctic  


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Southwest Indian Wars

The Southwest Indian Wars included the Navajo Wars, Yuma War, Mohave War, Apache wars, Black Hawk War (1865–1872) and Apache-Mexico Wars.

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