SOUTHEAST INDIANS


Historical Tribes in Southeast Region

Location: Alabama | ArkansasFlorida | Georgia | Kentucky | LouisianaMississippi | North Carolina |  South Carolina | Tennessee

Terrain: Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Mississippi River Valley, Swamps, Woodlands

  • Acolapissa (Colapissa), Louisiana and Mississippi
  • Ais, eastern coastal Florida
  • Alafay (Alafia, Pojoy, Pohoy, Costas Alafeyes, Alafaya Costas), Florida
  • Amacano, Florida west coast
  • Apalachee, northwestern Florida
  • Atakapa (Attacapa), Louisiana west coast and Texas southwestern coast
    • Akokisa, Texas southeast coast
    • Bidai, Texas southeast coast
    • Deadose, eastern Texas
    • Eastern Atakapa, western coastal Louisiana
    • Orcoquiza, southeast Texas
    • Patiri, eastern Texas
    • Tlacopsel, southeast Texas
  • Avoyel ("little Natchez"), Louisiana[
  • Bayogoula, southeastern Louisiana
  • Biloxi, Mississippi
  • Caddo Confederacy, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas
    • Adai (Adaizan, Adaizi, Adaise, Adahi, Adaes, Adees, Atayos), Louisiana and Texas
    • Cahinnio, southern Arkansas
    • Doustioni, north central Louisiana
    • Eyeish (Hais), eastern Texas
    • Hainai, eastern Texas
    • Hasinai, eastern Texas
    • Kadohadacho, northeastern Texas, southwestern Arkansas, northwestern Louisiana
    • Nabedache, eastern Texas
    • Nabiti, eastern Texas
    • Nacogdoche, eastern Texas
    • Nacono, eastern Texas
    • Nadaco, eastern Texas
    • Nanatsoho, northeastern Texas
    • Nasoni, eastern Texas
    • Natchitoches, Lower: central Louisiana, Upper: northeastern Texas
    • Neche, eastern Texas
    • Nechaui, eastern Texas
    • Ouachita, northern Louisiana
    • Tula, western Arkansas
    • Yatasi, northwestern Louisiana
  • Calusa, southwestern Florida
  • Cape Fear Indians, North Carolina southern coast
  • Catawba (Esaw, Usheree, Ushery, Yssa), North Carolina, South Carolina
  • Chacato, Florida panhandle and southern Alabama
  • Chakchiuma, Alabama and Mississippi
  • Chatot people (Chacato, Chactoo), west Florida
  • Chawasha (Washa), Louisiana
  • Cheraw (Chara, Charàh), North Carolina
  • Cherokee, western North Carolina, eastern Tennessee, later Georgia, northwestern South Carolina, northern Alabama, Arkansas, Texas, Mexico, and currently North Carolina and Oklahoma
  • Chickanee (Chiquini), North Carolina
  • Chickasaw, Alabama and Mississippi, later Oklahoma
  • Chicora, coastal South Carolina
  • Chine, Florida
  • Chisca (Cisca), southwestern Virginia, northern Florida
  • Chitimacha, Louisiana
  • Chowanoc (Chowanoke), North Carolina
  • Coharie, North Carolina
  • Congaree (Canggaree), South Carolina
  • Coree, North Carolina
  • Coharie, North Carolina
  • Croatan, North Carolina
  • Cusabo coastal South Carolina
  • Eno, North Carolina
  • Grigra (Gris), Mississippi
  • Guacata (Santalûces), eastern coastal Florida
  • Guacozo, Florida
  • Guale (Cusabo, Iguaja, Ybaja), coastal Georgia
  • Guazoco, southwestern Florida coast
  • Houma, Louisiana and Mississippi
  • Jaega (Jobe), eastern coastal Florida
  • Jaupin (Weapemoc), North Carolina
  • Jororo, Florida interior
  • Keyauwee, North Carolina
  • Koasati (Coushatta), formerly eastern Tennessee, currently Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas
  • Koroa, Mississippi
  • Luca, southwestern Florida coast
  • Lumbee, North Carolina
  • Machapunga, North Carolina
  • Matecumbe (Matacumbêses, Matacumbe, Matacombe), Florida Keys
  • Mayaca, Florida
  • Mayaimi (Mayami), interior Florida
  • Mayajuaca, Florida
  • Mikasuki (Miccosukee), Florida
  • Mobila (Mobile, Movila), northwestern Florida and southern Alabama
  • Mocoso, western Florida
  • Mougoulacha, Mississippi
    • Muscogee (Creek), Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, later Oklahoma
      • Abihka, Alabama, later Oklahoma
      • Alabama, formerly Alabama, southwestern Tennessee, and northwestern Mississippi,now Oklahoma and Texas
        • Pakana (Pacâni, Pagna, Pasquenan, Pak-ká-na, Pacanas), central Alabama, later Texas
      • Apalachicola, Creek Confederacy, Alabama, Florida, Georgia and South Carolina
      • Chiaha, Creek Confederacy, Alabama
      • Choctaw, Mississippi, Alabama, and parts of Louisiana; later Oklahoma
      • Eufaula tribe, Georgia, later Oklahoma
      • Hitchiti, Creek Confederacy, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida
      • Kialegee Tribal Town, Alabama, later Oklahoma
      • Osochee (Osochi, Oswichee, Usachi, Oosécha), Creek Confederacy, Alabama
      • Talapoosa, Creek Confederacy, Alabama
      • Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Alabama, Georgia, later Oklahoma
      • Tukabatchee, Muscogee Creek Confederacy, Alabama
    • Naniaba, northwestern Florida and southern Alabama
    • Natchez, Louisiana and Mississippi] later Oklahoma
    • Neusiok (Newasiwac, Neuse River Indians), North Carolina
    • Norwood culture, Apalachee region, Florida, c. 12,000 BCE — 4500 BCE
    • Oconee, Georgia, Florida
    • Ofo, Arkansas and Mississippi, eastern Tennessee
    • Okchai (Ogchay), central Alabama
    • Okelousa, Louisiana
    • Opelousas, Louisiana
    • Pacara, Florida
    • Pamlico, formerly North Carolina
    • Pascagoula, Mississippi coast
    • Pee Dee (Pedee), South Carolina and North Carolina
    • Pensacola, Florida panhandle and southern Alabama
    • Potoskeet, North Carolina
    • Quinipissa, southeastern Louisiana and Mississippi
    • Roanoke, North Carolina
    • Saluda (Saludee, Saruti), South Carolina
    • Santee (Seretee, Sarati, Sati, Sattees), South Carolina (no relation to Santee Sioux), South Carolina
    • Santa Luces, Florida
    • Saponi, North Carolina, Virginia
    • Saura, North Carolina
    • Sawokli (Sawakola, Sabacola, Sabacôla, Savacola), southern Alabama and Florida panhandle
    • Saxapahaw (Sissipahaw, Sissipahua, Shacioes), North Carolina
    • Secotan, North Carolina
    • Seminole, Florida and Oklahoma
    • Sewee (Suye, Joye, Xoye, Soya), South Carolina coast
    • Shakori, North Carolina
    • Shoccoree (Haw), North Carolina, possibly Virginia
    • Sissipahaw, North Carolina
    • Sugeree (Sagarees, Sugaws, Sugar, Succa), North Carolina and South Carolina
    • Surruque, east central Florida
    • Suteree (Sitteree, Sutarees, Sataree), North Carolina
    • Taensa, Mississippi
    • Tawasa, Alabama
    • Tequesta, southeastern coastal Florida
    • Timucua, Florida and Georgia
      • Acuera, central Florida
      • Agua Fresca (or Agua Dulce or Freshwater), interior northeast Florida
      • Arapaha, north central Florida and south central Georgia?
      • Cascangue, coastal southeast Georgia
      • Icafui (or Icafi), coastal southeast Georgia
      • Mocama (or Tacatacuru), coastal northeast Florida and coastal southeast Georgia
      • Northern Utina north central Florida
      • Ocale, central Florida
      • Oconi, interior southeast Georgia
      • Potano, north central Florida
      • Saturiwa, northeast Florida
      • Tacatacuru, coastal southeast Georgia
      • Tucururu (or Tucuru), central? Florida
      • Utina (or Eastern Utina), northeast central Florida
      • Yufera, coastal southeast Georgia
      • Yui (Ibi), coastal southeast Georgia
      • Yustaga, north central Florida
    • Tiou (Tioux), Mississippi
    • Tocaste, Florida]
    • Tocobaga, Florida
    • Tohomé, northwestern Florida and southern Alabama
    • Tomahitan, eastern Tennessee
    • Topachula, Florida
    • Tunica, Arkansas and Mississippi
    • Utiza, Florida
    • Uzita, Tampa Bay, Florida]
    • Vicela, Florida
    • Viscaynos, Florida
    • Waccamaw, South Carolina
    • Waccamaw Siouan, North Carolina
    • Wateree (Guatari, Watterees), North Carolina
    • Waxhaw (Waxsaws, Wisack, Wisacky, Weesock, Flathead), North Carolina and South Carolina
    • Westo, Virginia and South Carolina, extinct
    • Winyaw, South Carolina coast
    • Woccon, North Carolina
    • Yamasee, Florida, Georgia
    • Yazoo, southeastern tip of Arkansas, eastern Louisiana, Mississippi
    • Yuchi (Euchee), central Tennessee, then northwest Georgia, now Oklahoma
    • Extinct Southeast Tribes

Abihka, Alabama
Adaes - see Adai
Adahi - see Adai
Adai (Adaizan, Adaizi, Adaise, Adahi, Adaes, Adees, Atayos), Louisiana
Adaise - see Adai
Adaizan - see Adai
Adaizi - see Adai
Atayos - see Adai

Adees - see Adai
Akokisa, Texas southeast coast
Alabama, Alabama

Acuera, Florida
Agua Fresca, Florida
Arapaha, Florida

Apalachicola, Georgia, Florida
Backhooks Nation (=Pahoc ?), South Carolina
Bidai, eastern Texas
Boca Ratones, Florida

Catawba South Carolina

Chickahominy, Virginia
Chickamauga, A Branch of Cherokee in Southeastern Tennessee, Northeastern Georgia

Codam

Coahuiltecan Texas
Coushatta Louisiana
Eyeish (Hais, Aliche, Aiche), eastern Texas

Garza, Texas, northern Mexico
Guacata (Santalûces), Florida
Hieroquodame

Hitchiti Georgia, Alabama, Florida
Hooks Nation (=Huaq ?), South Carolina
Iswa
Itafi (or Icafui), Florida

Jobe (Hobe), Florida, part of Jaega
Manahoac, Virginia
Mattaponi, Virginia
Meherrin, North Carolina

Melungeon Indians

Monacan, Virginia
Monyton (Moneton, Monekot, Moheton) (Siouan), West Virginia, Virginia
Mocama, Florida, Georgia

Mobile
Mocama
Monacan Virginia

Nahyssan, Virginia
Nansemond, Virginia
Natchez, Mississippi, Louisiana
Northern Utina, Florida,
Mikasuki Florida

Nottaway
Ocale, Florida
Oodame
Occaneechi (Siouan) ,Virginia
Osochee (Oswichee, Usachi, Oosécha)
Pakana (Pacâni, Pagna, Pasquenan, Pak-ká-na, Pacanas)
Pamlico (Carolina)
PensacolaPamunkey, Virginia
Patiri ,southeastern Texas
Perocodame

Potano, Florida
Rappahannock Tribe, Virginia
Taensa

Tawasa, Virginia

Terocodame, Texas and Mexico

Taensa
Topachula Florida
Tuscarora North Carolina, Virginia (later Niagra Falls, NY)
Tuskegee
Tutelo
Yustaga, FloridaTiou
Tocaste, Florida
Tocobaga, Florida
Tohomé, Alabama
Tomahitan, eastern Tennessee
Topachula, Florida
Tukabatchee (Tuk-ke-bat-che)
Tuscarora, North Carolina, Virginia (later Niagara Falls, NY)
Tuskegee
Utiza, Florida
Vicela, Florida
Viscaynos, Florida
Waccamaw, South Carolina
Wateree (Guatari, Watterees), North Carolina
Waxhaw (Waxsaws, Wisack, Wisacky, Weesock, Flathead), South Carolina
Westo, Virginia, South Carolina
Wetumpka (Wee-tam-ka)
Yazoo

Yufera, Georgia

Contemporary federally recognized Southeastern Woodlands tribes

Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of Texas
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma
Catawba Indian Nation, South Carolina
Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma
Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, North Carolina
Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana
Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians, Florida
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi
Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma
Poarch Band of Creeks, Alabama
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
Seminole Tribe of Florida
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma
Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma

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