Native Genealogy

The following rolls are helpful in tracing your Native American Genealogy.

The Armstrong Roll was created after the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek with the Choctaw Nation in 1834. This is a lengthy treaty and supplement. There are approximately 2,425 Choctaw names in this roll. Reading the entire treaty and supplement will provide you with a better understanding of this roll.

The 1880 Cherokee Census was authorized by an act of the Cherokee National Council Senate Bill No. 33 on December 1, 1879. It includes 10,453 names which note age, sex, cherokee divison, and makes a distinction between Native Cherokee, Adopted colored or Negro, Adopted Caucasian, Adopted Creek, Adopted Choctaw, Adopted Osage, Adopted Shawnee, and Adopted Chickasaw who were then members of the Cherokee tribe.

The 1896 Census Applications include an index of Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Creek people who were NOT included in the Five Civilized Tribes on the 1896 census. It is an index of people who were NOT recognized by the Cherokee Tribe and who subsequently made application to be considered for citizenship.

If your ancestor was on the 1896 Cherokee Census they probably will NOT be on this index. This is NOT the 1896 CENSUS. If your ancestor is on this roll, it does NOT necessarily mean they were subsequently accepted into the Cherokee tribe.

The Guion Miller Roll in general contains people who did not make it onto either the 1880 Cherokee Census or the Baker Roll. One of the main reasons these individuals did not make it on the previous rolls is beacuse they did not meet the residency requirements. The Guion Miller Roll includes the names of all persons applying for compensation arising from the judgment of the United States Court of Claims on May 28, 1906, for the Eastern Cherokee tribe.

While numerous individuals applied, not all the claims were allowed. The information included on the index is the application number, the name of the applicant, and the State or Territory in which the individual resided at the time the application was filed. There are 47,026 names on this roll.

The Baker Roll of 1924 was prepared by United States Agent Fred A. Baker, pursuant to an act of the 68th Congress, (43 stat., 376), June 4, 1924, and was the final roll of the Cherokee. Before preparation of this roll, the Act required that all land, money, and other property of the Tribe be transferred to the United States for final disposition. Termination of the Tribe as a government and political entity was the ultimate goal.

After termination efforts failed, the Tribe continued to use the 1924 Baker Roll as its base roll. Descendants of those persons of the original Baker Roll are enrolled on the Baker Revised Roll, providing they meet the membership requirements of the Tribe. There are 3,176 names on this roll.

The Dawes Roll is the final roll of the Five Civilized Tribes, which included a list of those members of the Five Civilized Tribes who removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) during the 1800’s and were living there during those dates.

Only those Indians who RECEIVED LAND under the provisions of the Dawes Act are listed. It also lists those Freedmen who received land allotments as provided for in the Dawes Act.

These pages can be searched to discover the enrollee’s name, age, sex, blood degree, type, census card number and roll number. There are 292,033 names on this roll. If your ancestor was NOT living in Indian Territory during 1898-1914, they will NOT be on this roll.

A series of investigations were conducted resulting in the Cherokee Freedmen Rolls known as the Wallace Roll, and the Kern-Clifton Roll. If you don’t find your ancestor on the Wallace Rolls, you should next check the Kern-Clifton Roll to insure that this ancestor was not one of those originally ommitted by Wallace.

The Kern-Clifton Roll was created to fill in the omissions of the Wallace Roll. Genealogists not finding their Cherokee ancestor in the Kern-Clifton Roll, should search the Wallace Roll to insure that this ancestor was not one of those originally identified by the John Wallace. This roll authenticated the Freedmen and their descendants.

The Wallace Rollof Cherokee Freedmen in Indian Territory was created due to the citizenship of many ex-slaves (freedmen) being disputed by the Cherokee Tribe. To the freedmen, the ability to establish their status was important, not only for the sharing of the Cherokee lands, but also the payments and annuities the Cherokee Tribe was to receive in the future.

The Reservation Roll of 1817 is a listing of those Cherokee applying for a 640 acre tract in the East in lieu of removing to Arkansas. This was only good during their lifetime and then the property reverted back to the state.

The Settler Rolls include those Cherokee still living in 1851 who were already residing in Oklahoma when the main body of the cherokee arrived in the winter of 1839, as a result of the Treaty of New Echota (1835).

Approximately one third of the Cherokee people were Old Settlers and two thirds new arrivals. The 1851 payroll lists Old Settlers (Cherokees who moved to Indian Territory prior to December 1835) entitled to participate in a per capita payment. There were 3,273 persons enumerated on this roll which is arranged by Cherokee district and grouped by family.

The Ute Rolls of 1954 are actually two separate PROPOSED rolls. One is the Full Blood Roll and the other is the Mixed Blood Roll of the Ute Tribe of Uintah and Ouray Reservation in Utah.

The Final Rolls of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory which includes the names of individuals entitled to enrollment on the rolls of the various tribes comprising the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The Five Civilized Tribes included in these records are: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek & Seminole. Delaware Indians who were adopted by the Cherokee are also included.

1880 Census on the Swinomish Indian Reservation

Wyandot Tribal Roll of 1867

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