Moxus: A Chief of the Abnaki


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Moxus, also known as Agamagus, was a chief of the Abnaki tribe. He was the first signer of the Treaty of 1699 and the successor of Madokawandu. He is remembered today for his contributions and achievements in early Abenaki conflicts and negotiations of several important treaties.

Early Life

Unfortunately, little is known about Moxus’s early life or family background. There are no records of his parents or siblings.

Marriages and Children

Similarly, there is limited information available about Moxus’s marriages and children. It is not known how many wives he had or their tribal affiliations. Additionally, the number of children he had with each wife is unknown, as well as the years they lived and died. There are no specific names available for his children.

Genealogy Resources

Genealogy resources for Native Americans can be difficult to find, but there are a few sources available. The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has a collection of Native American census rolls and other documents that can be useful for researching family history. The Native American Records section of the NARA website  provides information on how to access these records.

The New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS) also has a collection of Native American genealogical resources. Their website includes a guide to researching Native American ancestry and a database of Native American census and vital records.

Contributions and Achievements

Moxus’s most significant contribution was his role in negotiating and signing several treaties with the English. He was the first signer of the Treaty of 1699, which established peace between the Abnaki and English settlers. He also signed treaties with the English in 1713 and 1717.

In addition to his diplomatic efforts, Moxus participated in several battles and conflicts with the English. While he was not always successful in these engagements, his leadership and bravery were widely recognized.

One interesting fact about Moxus is that he captured Pemaquid from the English in 1689. This event is significant because it was one of the first major conflicts between the Abnaki and English settlers. Moxus’s unsuccessful siege of the English fort at Casco, Maine in 1703 is also notable.