Keweenaw Bay Indian Community


Last Updated: 1 year

The Keweenaw Bay Indian Community is a federally recognized Ojibwe tribe in Michigan.

Official Tribal Name: Keweenaw Bay Indian Community

Address: 16429 Bear Town Road, Baraga, MI 49908
Phone: 906-353-6623
Email: Departments

Official Website: Keweena Bay Indian Community

Recognition Status: Federally Recognized

Traditional Name / Traditional Meaning:

Common Name / Meaning of Common Name:

Alternate names / Alternate spellings / Misspellings: Ojibwe, Ojibwa,  Chipewa, Chipawa, Anishinaabe, Anishinababe, Anishinabeg, Ojibway, Ojibwa, Chippewa, Algonquin,  More names for Ojibwe

Ojibwe / Chippewa in other languages:

Aoechisaeronon or Eskiaeronnon (Huron)
Assisagigroone (Iroquois)
Axshissayerunu (Wyandot)
Bawichtigouek or Paouichtigouin (French)
Bedzaqetcha (Tsattine)
Bedzietcho (Kawchodinne)
Dewakanha (Mohawk)
Dshipowehaga (Caughnawaga)
Dwakanen (Onondaga)
Hahatonwan (Dakota)
Hahatonway (Hidatsa)
Jumper, Kutaki (Fox)
Leaper, Neayaog (Cree)
Nwaka (Tuscarora)
Ostiagahoroone (Iroquois)
Rabbit People (Plains Cree)
Regatci or Negatce (Winnebago)
Saulteur (Saulteaux)
Sore Face (Hunkpapa Lakota)
Sotoe (British)
Wahkahtowah (Assiniboine)

Region: Northeast (Eastern Woodland) –> Ojibwa, Chippewa and Potawatomi

State(s) Today: Michigan

Traditional Territory: See Ojibwe Migrations

Confederacy: Council of the Three Fires (Ojibwe)


  • Treaty with the Chippewa (1854)
  • Treaty of La Point (1842)

Reservations: L’Anse Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land, Ontonagon Reservation

The L’Anse Indian Reservation is the land base of the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community of the Lake Superior Bands of Chippewa Indians. It is both the oldest and largest reservation in Michigan.
Land Area: 54,000 acres with approximately 14,000 acres (57 km²) owned by the tribal community. Two thirds of the land is held in tribal common ownership and the remaining third is owned by Indians in fee, restricted fee, or allotted lands status.

Tribal Headquarters: Baraga, MI
Time Zone: Eastern

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Registered Population Today: In 1999, tribal enrollment was 3,159.

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Bands, Gens, and Clans

Related Tribes:

Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians
Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan
Citizen Potawatomi Nation
Forest County Potawatomi
Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians
Hannaville Indian Community
La Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Lac de Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians
Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Potawatomi
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
Saginaw Chippewa Indians
Sokaogon Chippewa Community
St. Croix Chippewa Indians
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians

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The annual Keweena Bay Pow Wow is held the 4th weekend in June. 2015 will be the 36th annual celebration.

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Economy Today:

The Ojibwa Recreation Area is located along the pristine shores of Lake Superior. The Keweenaw Bay Indian Community offers camping, fishing, beaches, and a marina with easy access to Lake Superior via Keweenaw Bay. Also located within the recreation area are the historic Sand Point Lighthouse and Sand Point Archeological Site. These sites are registered with the National Register of Historic Places.

The Keweenaw Bay Indian Community also operates the Ojibwa Casino.

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Tribal College: Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College

Radio: Eagle Radio


Ojibwe / Chippewa People of Note

Renae Morriseau

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