Sixty-five years ago a small band of Tipai found themselves with six acres upon which to settle – a tiny plot in the rolling hills east of the town of Jamul. After 65 years of tenacious endurance, the Jamul Indian Village of California was rewarded with their village finally being declared a reservation and federally recognized indian tribe.
Official Tribal Name: Jamul Indian Village of California
Address: 14191 Highway 94, P.O. Box 612, Jamul CA 91935
Recognition Status: Federally Recognized
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State(s) Today: California
Confederacy: The Jamul Tribe is one of 13 bands of the Kumeyaay Nation or Diegueño Tribe of southern California.
Reservation: Jamul Indian Village
Jamul Indian Village is a small reservation located in rolling hills about 10 miles southeast of El Cajon in southern California, along State Highway 94 in San Diego County. In 1912 the San Diego Diocesan Office of Apostolic Ministry allowed Jamul Indian Village use of 2.34 acres of land for a cemetery; however, the Diocesan Office still retains ownership of the land. The Delay Corporation of San Diego deeded an additional 4.0 acres. The residents of Jamul Indian Village attained federally recognized reservation status in 1981.
Time Zone: Pacific
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The federal government recognized the Jamul Indian Village’s executive council as a tribal government in 1981. The Jamul tribal government operates under articles of association and bylaws that established an executive tribal council. The executive council meets regularly or as necessary to conduct urgent business. The tribal council, which usually meets monthly, handles health matters, social services, drug prevention, housing, childcare, education, job training, and infrastructure.
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The general tribal council is composed of the tribe’s entire voting membership, and an executive tribal council, whose members are elected every two years.
Language Classification: Hokan =>
Languages included in this group are spoken by peoples from southern Oregon to southern Mexico. The area’s heavy concentration of Spanish missionaries, with their zeal for assimilation, adversely affected the Kumeyaay people’s Native language and culture retention.
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A Grammar of Jamul Tiipay (Language, Power, and Social Process)
The coastal country where the Kumeyaay lived and the Salton Sea margins contain archaeological evidence suggesting that they are some of the oldest known Indian-inhabited areas in the United States; middens, or refuse heaps, have been found that date back some 20,000 years.
Bands, Gens, and Clans
The Kumeyaay were organized along clan lines called Sh’mulq. The clans maintained complex familial, spiritual and militaristic alliances with each other. When threatened by an outside adversary the clans would come togther under a Kwachut G’tag to meet the threat. See Kumeyaay Bands
The Kumeyaay people are related to the Colorado River people, who are believed to have been the first Native Americans in the Southwest to come into contact with Europeans. Also see theKumeyaay Bands link, above.
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