Seventeen indian tribes either lived in or hunted in Iowa at one time or another. Today, there are three current indian reservations in the state of Iowa, and one that has been disbanned.
Iowa Indian Reservations
Reservation: Sauk and Fox
Tribes: Potawatomi, Sauk and Foxes of the Mississippi, Winnebago.
Established by: By purchase. See act of Mar. 2, 1867 (XIV, 507), and act of Feb. 13, 1891 (XXVI, 749). Deeds of 1857, 1865, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1876, 1880, 1882, 1883, June, July, and Oct., 1888, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, and 1896.
Keokuk Reservation (or Keokuk Reserve) — a small reserve for the Sac and Fox Indians, 1832-1836, following the Black Hawk War, after which they were removed to later reservations.
- Sac and Fox Reservation– established in 1867 — Federal reservation located in Tama County, Iowa, under the jurisdiction of the Sac and Fox Agency. Tribe: Sac and Fox (also known as Mesquakie).
- Omaha Reservation — primarily located in the southern part of Thurston County, Nebraska, but a portion extends into Monona County, Iowa. See Indians of Nebraska for additional information.
- Winnebago Reservation — mostly located in Thurston County, Nebraska but there is a small segment in Woodbury County, Iowa, just east of the Missouri River. See Indians of Nebraska for additional information.