Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California

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The Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California is a federally recognized tribe of Pomo Indians who are indigenous to Sonoma County in northern California.  

 Official Tribal Name:Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California

Address:  555 South Cloverdale Boulevard, Suite A, Cloverdale, CA 95425
Phone: (707) 894-5775
Fax:  (707) 894-5727
Email: info[at]cloverdalerancheria.com

Official Website: www.cloverdalerancheria.com 

Recognition Status: Federally Recognized

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Region: California

State(s) Today: California

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Confederacy: Pomo 

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Southern Pomo  

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Best known for intricate basket weaving. Basketry was integral to Pomo culture, and both men and women wove baskets.

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Russian fur traders were the first non-Indians to settle in Pomo land in the late 18th century. They established Fort Ross in 1812 and hunted sea otter. The gold rush of the mid-19th century brought an onslaught of European-Americans to the region, who disrupted tribal life and destroyed tribal lands.

In the early 20th century, the US government created a system of rancherias, or small reservations, for displaced Californian Indians.

In 1921 the US recognized the Cloverdale Rancheria and deeded 27.5 acres (111,000 m2) to the tribe; however, in 1953 the California Rancheria Act divided the reservation lands into individual allotments. The act also terminated relations between the US federal government and the Cloverdale Rancheria, as well as 43 other Californian tribes.

Tillie Hardwick (1924–1999), a Pomo woman, sued the United States in the 1979 over the California Rancheria Act and termination policy. In 1983 she won the lawsuit, paving the way for 17 California tribes to regain federal recognition, including the Cloverdale Rancheria.

In 1994, tribal landowners were forced by California Department of Transportation to sell their land for a U.S. Route 101 bypass. The freeway ran directly through the middle of the reservation, rendering much of it uninhabitable.  

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