Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California


Last Updated: 3 years

Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California is a federally recognized indian tribe located in San Diego County, California. This tribe has two bands: Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation (Barona Band of Mission Indians), and Viejas (Baron Long)  Group of Capitan Grande Band of Misiion Indians of the Viejas Reservation (Viejas Band of Kumeyaay).

Official Tribal Name: Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California

Address:  1095 Barona Road, 92040 Lakeside, CA
Phone: 619-443-6612
Fax: 619-443-0681

Official Websites: and

Recognition Status:Federally Recognized

Traditional Name / Traditional Meaning:

Common Names / Meaning of Common Name:

Barona Band of Mission Indians
Viejas Band of Mission Indians or Viejas Band of Kumeyaay

Alternate names:

Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation
Viejas Group of Capitan Grande Band of Misiion Indians of the Viejas Reservation
Baron Long (Same as Viejas Group)
Viejas Band of Kumeyaay (Same as Viejas Group)
Diegueno Mission Indians (collectively all Diegueno Indians in California)

Alternate spellings / Mispellings:

Mexican Spelling – Kumiai

Name in other languages:

Region: California

State(s) Today: California

Traditional Territory:

The Diegueno people have lived for thousands of years in the area known today as San Diego County, California.

Confederacy: Kumeyaay Nation – One of 13 bands that make up this tribe.


Reservations: Capitan Grande Reservation, Viejas Indian Reservation

Located in the mountain foothills of San Diego County, approximately 30 miles east of San Diego, the Barona Reservation spans 5,900 acres of flat and rocky terrain.

Barona Indian Reservation established in 1932.  
Land Area:  5,900 acres
Tribal Headquarters:  
Time Zone:  

Viejas Indian Reservation
Land Area:  
Tribal Headquarters:  
Time Zone:  
B.I.A. Office:

Population at Contact:

Registered Population Today:

Tribal Enrollment Requirements:

Genealogy Resources:

Barona Band of Mission Indians
Name of Governing Body:  Tribal Council
Number of Council members:   5 council members plus executive officers
Dates of Constitutional amendments: 
Number of Executive Officers:  Chairman, Vice-Chairman
Members of the council serve four years. The tribal council conducts all business for the band, including those activities related to planning and economic development. Decisions on land or other tribal resources are referred to the general council, composed of all the tribe’s voting members.

Viejas Band of Kumeyaay
Name of Governing Body:  
Number of Council members:  
Dates of Constitutional amendments: 
Number of Executive Officers:  

Language Classification: Hokan

Language Dialects:

Number of fluent Speakers:



The coastal country and the Salton Sea margins contain archaeological evidence suggesting that they are some of the oldest known Indian-inhabited areas in the United States; middens, or refuse heaps, have been found that date back some 20,000 years.

Bands, Gens, and Clans

The Kumeyaay were organized along clan lines called Sh’mulq. The clans maintained complex familial, spiritual and militaristic alliances with each other. When threatened by an outside adversary the clans would come togther under a Kwachut G’tag to meet the threat. See Kumeyaay Bands

Related Tribes: See Kumeyaay Nation link under Confederacy above.

Traditional Allies:

Traditional Enemies:

Ceremonies / Dances:

Modern Day Events & Tourism:

Barona Valley Ranch Resort & Casino
Barona Cultural Center & Museum

Legends / Oral Stories:

Art & Crafts:






Economy Today:

Religion & Spiritual Beliefs:

Burial Customs:

Wedding Customs

Education and Media:

Tribal School: Barona Indian Charter School – K-8 grades
Tribal College:
  Kumeyaay Community College

Kumeyaay Chiefs and Leaders:


Tribe History:

During the 1840s and 1850s, the town of San Diego experienced such growth that some groups of Indians living in the Mission Valley area were pushed into what is now the East County. In 1853, many of these people established a village in a canyon of the upper San Diego River. In Spanish, this area was called Capitan Grande, or “Great Captain.”

Colonel John Bankhead Magruder of the U.S. Army issued a federal permit for the Indians to inhabit the area. At that time, Capitan Grande was part of the public domain and, after the permit was issued, the general public was warned against disturbing the Indians who resided there.

From then on, those Kumeyaay/ ‘Iipay/Diegueño people and their descendants were known as the “Capitan Grande group of Mission Indians.” The descendents of these Capitan Tribal members also call themselves either Kumeyaay, ‘Iipay, or Diegueño, depending upon family preference.

In the News:

Further Reading:

Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions
Children Left Behind: The Dark Legacy of Indian Mission Boarding Schools
California Missions