Salish Tribes

The coast Salish form the southern arm of the north west Coast culture, which fades away southward from Bute inlet and Comox (where it resembles that of the more highly developed Kwakiutl) to the semi-Californian Tillamook and the Nestucca of Oregon.

The Salish tribes are divided into two geographic areas: the Coast Salish and the Interior Salish. The Interior Salish can be further divided into the Northern and Southern branches.

Wind River Tribal College

The Wind River Tribal College is at Fort Washakie, Wyoming on the Wind River Reservation in central Wyoming. It was established in 1997.

White Earth Tribal and Community College

The White Earth Tribal and Community College is in Mahomen, Minnesota on the White Earth Reservation. It was established in 1997.

United Tribes Technical College

The United Tribes Technical College is located in Bismarck, North Dakota. It was established in 1969.

Turtle Mountain Community College

Turtle Mountain Community College is located in Belcourt, North Dakota. It was established in 1972.

Tohono O’odham Community College

Tohono O’odham Community College Address: PO Box 3129, Sells, AZ 85634 Phone: (520) 383-8401Website: Location: Sells, ArizonaEstablished: 1998 Chartering Tribe: Tohono O’odham NationPresident: James Vander HoovenLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 223 (Fall 2010) – Full-time: 21, Part-time: 202 Associate … Continue reading

Stone Child College

Stone Child College Address: 8294 Upper Box Elder Road, Box Elder, MT 59521 Phone: (406) 395-4875Website: Location: On the Rocky Boy’s Indian Reservation in north central Montana.Established: 1984Chartering Tribe: Chippewa CreePresident: Nate St. PierreLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 381 (Fall … Continue reading

Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute

Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute Address: 9169 Coors Blvd. NW, PO Box 10146, Albuquerque, NM 87120 Phone: (505) 346-2348Toll Free: 1-800-586-7474Website: Location: Albuquerque, New MexicoEstablished: 1971 Chartering Tribe: None, Federally charteredPresident: Sherry AllisonLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 531 (Fall 2010) … Continue reading

Sitting Bull College

Sitting Bull College ( formerly Standing Rock Community College) Address: 9299 Highway 24, Fort Yates, ND 58538 Phone: (701) 854-8000Website: Location(s): campuses in Fort Yates, ND and McLaughlin, SDEstablished: 1973 Chartering Tribe(s): Standing Rock Sioux TribePresident: Laurel VermillionLand Grant College: … Continue reading

Sisseton Wahpeton College

Sisseton Wahpeton College Address: Agency Village Box 689, Sisseton, SD 57262 Phone: (605) 698-3966Website: Location: Sisseton, South DakotaEstablished: 1979 Chartering Tribe: Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux TribePresident: Harvey DuMarceLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 247 (Fall 2010) – Full-time: 186, Part-time: 61 Associate … Continue reading

Sinte Gleska University

Sinte Gleska University Address: 101 Antelope Lake Circle, PO Box 105, Mission, SD 57555Phone: (605) 856-8100Website: www.sintegleska.eduLocation: On the Rosebud Sioux Reservation in south-central South Dakota.Established: 1971 Chartering Tribe: Rosebud Sioux TribePresident: Lionel BordeauxLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 857 (Fall … Continue reading

Salish Kootenai College

Salish Kootenai College Address: PO Box 70, Pablo, MT 59855 Phone: (406) 275-4800Website: Location(s): Main campus on the Flathead Reservation, plus three satellite locations in Washington at Colville, Spokane, and Wellpinit.Established: 1977Chartering Tribe: Confederated Salish and Kootenai TribesPresident: Robert DePoe IIILand … Continue reading

Saginaw Chippewa Tribal College

Saginaw Chippewa Tribal College Address: 2274 Enterprise Dr., Mount Pleasant, MI 48858 Phone: (989) 775-4123Website: Location: Mount Pleasant, Michigan, on the Isabella Indian Reservation.Established: 1998 Chartering Tribe: Saginaw Chippewa TribePresident: Carla SinewayLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 163 (fall 2010) … Continue reading

Red Lake Nation College

Red Lake Nation College Address: 23750 Hwy 1 East, PO Box 576, Red Lake, MN 56671 Phone: (218) 679-2860Website: Location: In the heart of the Anishinaabe nation on the Red Lake Indian Reservation in Red Lake, Minnesota.Established: 1987 Chartering … Continue reading

Oglala Lakota College

Oglala Lakota College Address: PO Box 490, Kyle, SD 57752 Phone: (605) 455-6000Website: Locations: Instructional centers in each of the nine districts across Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. There are additional instructional centers in Rapid City and on … Continue reading

Northwest Indian College

Northwest Indian College Address: 2522 Kwina Rd., Bellingham, WA 98226 Phone: (360) 676-2772Toll Free:  1-866-676-2772Website: Location(s): On the Lummi Indian Reservation in Washington State, 20 miles from the Canadian border.Established: 1983 Chartering Tribe: Lummi NationPresident: Justin GuilloryLand Grant College: … Continue reading

Nebraska Indian Community College

Nebraska Indian Community College Address: 1111 Highway 75, PO Box 428, Macy, NE 68039  Phone: (402) 494-2311Website: Locations: In Nebraska on the Omaha Reservation at Macy, on the Santee Sioux Reservation at Santee, and in South Sioux City.Established: 1973 Chartering … Continue reading

Navajo Technical University

Navajo Technical University (formerly Crownpoint Institute of Technology) Address: PO Box 849, Crownpoint, NM 87313 Phone: (505) 786-4100Website: Location(s): Crownpoint, New MexicoEstablished: 1979 Chartering Tribe(s): Navajo NationPresident: Elmer GuyLand Grant College: Yes Bachelor’s degree programs Information Technology Associate degree … Continue reading

Little Priest Tribal College

Little Priest Tribal College Address: 601 East College Drive, PO Box 270, Winnebago, NE 68071 Phone: (402) 878-2380Website: Location: Winnebago, NebraskaEstablished: 1996 Chartering Tribe: Winnebago Tribe of NebraskaPresident: Johnny D. JonesLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 114 (Fall 2010) – Full-time: … Continue reading

Little Big Horn College

Little Big Horn College Address: PO Box 370, 8645 South Weaver Drive, Crow Agency, MT 59022 Phone: (406) 638-3100Website: Location: Crow Indian Reservation in south central Montana.Established: 1980 Chartering Tribe: Crow Tribe of MontanaPresident: David Yarlott, Jr.Land Grant College: … Continue reading

Leech Lake Tribal College

Leech Lake Tribal College Address: 6945 Little Wolf Lake Road NW, Cass Lake, MN 56633 Phone: (218) 335-4200Website: Location: On the Leech Lake Indian Reservation in north central Minnesota, three miles northwest of the town of Cass Lake.Established: 1990 … Continue reading

Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College

Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College Address: 13466 West Trepania Rd., Hayward, WI 54843 Phone: (715) 634-4790 Toll Free: 1-888-526-6221Website: Locations: Main campus in Hayward and four outreach sites at Odanah, Bayfield, Hertel, and Lac du Flambeau, Wisconsin.Established: 1982 … Continue reading

Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College

Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College Address: 111 Beartown Rd., P.O. Box 519, Baraga, MI 49908 Phone: (906) 353-4640Website: Location: Baraga, MichiganEstablished: 1975 Chartering Tribe(s): Keweenaw Bay Indian CommunityPresident: Debra J. ParrishLand Grant College: No Enrollment: 89 (Fall 2014) Associate … Continue reading

Institute of American Indian Arts

Institute of American Indian Arts Address: 83 Avan Nu Po Rd., Santa Fe, NM 87508 Phone: (505) 424-2300Website: Location: Santa Fe, New MexicoEstablished: 1962 Chartering Tribe: None, Executive Order of President John F. KennedyPresident: Robert MartinLand Grant College: Yes … Continue reading

Ilisagvik College

Ilisagvik College Address: 100 Stevenson St., P.O. Box 749, Barrow, AK 99723 Phone: (907) 852-3333Toll Free: 1-800-478-7337Website: Location: Barrow, AlaskaEstablished: 1996 Chartering Tribes: North Slope Borough (Inupiat)President: Pearl BrowerLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 243 (Fall 2014) Associate degree programs … Continue reading

Haskell Indian Nations University

Haskell Indian Nations University Address: 155 Indian Ave., PO Box 5030, Lawrence, KS 66046-4800 Phone: (785) 749-8404Website: Location: Lawrence, KansasEstablished: 1884 Chartering Tribe: None, Bureau of Indian EducationPresident: Venida ChenaultLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 831 (Fall 2014) Bachelor’s degree programs … Continue reading

Fort Peck Community College

Fort Peck Community College Address: PO Box 398, Poplar, MT 59255 Phone: (406) 768-6300Website: Locations: Northeastern Montana on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation. The main campus is in Poplar with a satellite in Wolf Point.Established: 1978 Chartering Tribes: Fort Peck … Continue reading

Nueta Hidatsa Sahnish College

Nueta Hidatsa Sahnish College (formerly Fort Berthold Community College) Address: 220 8th Avenue North, PO Box 490, New Town, ND 58763 Phone: (701) 627-4738Website: Locations: New Town, North Dakota, with branches in Mandaree and White ShieldEstablished: 1973 Chartering Tribe(s): … Continue reading

Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College

Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College Address: 2101 14th St., Cloquet, MN 55720 Phone: (218) 879-0800Toll Free: 1-800-657-3712Website: Locations: Cloquet, MN, with an additional satellite campus in Red Lake, MNEstablished: 1987 Chartering Tribe: Fond du Lac Band of … Continue reading

Diné College

Diné College (formerly Navajo Community College) Address: P.O. Box 126, Tsaile, AZ 86556 Email: [email protected] Phone: (928) 724-6600Toll Free:  1-877-988-3463Website: Locations: Main campus in Tsaile, Arizona, plus seven community-based campuses throughout Arizona and New Mexico.Established: 1968 Chartering Tribe: Navajo … Continue reading

Comanche Nation College

Comanche Nation College Address: 1608 SW 9th St., Lawton, OK 73501 Phone: (580) 591-0203Website: Location: Lawton, OklahomaEstablished: 2002 Chartering Tribe: Comanche NationPresident: Robbie Wahnee, Ph.D.Land Grant College: No Enrollment: 76 (Fall 2015) Associate degree programs American Indian Studies Humanities … Continue reading

College of the Muscogee Nation

College of the Muscogee Nation Address: 1200 Highway Loop 56, P.O. Box 917, Okmulgee, OK 74447 Phone: (918) 549-2800Website: Location: Okmulgee, OklahomaEstablished: 2004 Chartering Tribe: Muscogee NationPresident: Robert BibleLand Grant College: No Enrollment: 189 (Fall 2014) Associate degree programs … Continue reading

College of Menominee Nation

College of Menominee Nation Address: N172 Hwy. 47/55, P.O. Box 1179, Keshena, WI 54135 Phone: (715) 799-5600 or 1-800-567-2344Website: Locations: Keshena and Green Bay, WIEstablished: 1993 Chartering Tribe: MenomineePresident: Verna FowlerLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: 560 (Fall 201) Bachelor’s … Continue reading

Chief Dull Knife College

Chief Dull Knife College Address: P.O. Box 98, Lame Deer, MT 59043 Phone: (406) 477-6215Website: Location: In the community of Lame Deer, on the 445,000-acre Northern Cheyenne Reservation in southeastern Montana.Established: 1975 Chartering Tribe: Northern CheyennePresident: Richard LittlebearLand Grant … Continue reading

Cankdeska Cikana Community College

Cankdeska Cikana Community College Address: P.O. Box 269, Fort Totten, ND 58335 Email: [email protected] Phone: (701) 766-4415 Toll Free: 1-888-783-1463Website: Location: Fort Totten, NDEstablished: 1974 Chartering Tribe(s): Spirit Lake Dakota NationPresident: Cynthia LindquistLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment:  185 (Fall … Continue reading

Blackfeet Community College

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Blackfeet Community College Address: P.O. Box 819, Browning, MT 59417 Phone:(406) 338-7755Website: Location: Browning, MontanaEstablished: 1974 Chartering Tribe: BlackfeetPresident: Billie Jo KippLand Grant College: Yes Enrollment: (Fall 2014) 475 Associate degree programs Addiction Studies Behavioral Health Business Administration Community … Continue reading

Bay Mills Community College

Bay Mills Community College Address: 12214 West Lakeshore Drive, Brimley, MI 49715 Phone: (906) 248-3354Website: www.bmcc.eduLocations: On the southeastern shore of Lake Superior, within the Bay Mills Indian Community (BMIC) in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.  Due to the rural setting, BMCC … Continue reading

Aaniiih Nakoda College

Ainiiih Nakoda College was established in 1984 at Harlem, Montana. Located  on the Fort Belknap reservation in north-central Montana, where towns are few and far between,  the distant reservation communities of Browning to the west and Poplar to the east are the closest towns.

Virginia Native American Boarding Schools

Hampton Institute, began accepting Native students in 1878.

Iowa Indian Boarding Schools

White’s Manual Labor Institute, West Branch, Iowa, open 1881–87.

Indiana Native American Boarding Schools

White’s Manual Labor Institute, Wabash, Indiana Open 187]–95 and operated by the Quakers.

New York Indian Boarding Schools

Thomas Indian School, near Irving, New York.  

Nevada Native American Boarding Schools

Stewart Indian School, Carson City, Nevada.  

Michigan Native American Boarding Schools

Mount Pleasant Indian Industrial Boarding School, Mount Pleasant, Michigan, 1893–1934.  

Alaska Alaskan Native Boarding Schools

Mount Edgecumbe High School, Sitka, Alaska, established as a BIA school, now operated by the State of Alaska.

Minnesota Indian Boarding Schools

American Indian boarding schools, which operated in Minnesota and across the United States beginning in the late nineteenth century, represent a dark chapter in U.S. history. Also called industrial schools, these institutions prepared boys for manual labor and farming, and … Continue reading

Colorado Native American Boarding Schools

Ignacio Boarding School, Colorado.  

Wisconsin Indian Boarding Schools

Hayward Indian School, Hayward, Wisconsin. Oneida Indian School, Wisconsin. Wittenberg Indian School, Wittenberg, Wisconsin.

Kansas American Indian Boarding Schools

Haskell Indian Industrial Training School, Lawrence, Kansas, opened in 1884. STILL IN OPERATION.  

Nebraska Native American Boarding Schools

Genoa Indian Industrial School, Genoa, Nebraska.

California Indian Boarding Schools

Fort Bidwell School, Fort Bidwell, California. St. Boniface Indian School, Banning, California.  

North Dakota Native American Boarding Schools

Circle of Nations Indian School, Wahpeton, North Dakota. Fort Totten Indian Industrial School, Fort Totten, North Dakota. Boarding and Indian Industrial School in 1891–1935. Became a Community and Day School from 1940 to 1959. Now a Historic Site run by … Continue reading

Arizona Indian Boarding Schools

Chinle Boarding School, Many Farms, Arizona. Holbrook Indian School, Holbrook, Arizona. Many Farms High School, near Many Farms, Arizona. Phoenix Indian School, Phoenix, Arizona. Pinon Boarding School, Pinon, Arizona. Theodore Roosevelt Indian Boarding School, founded in 1923 in buildings of … Continue reading

Oregon Indian Boarding Schools

Chemawa Indian School, Salem, Oregon.  

South Dakota American Indian Boarding Schools

Chamberlain Indian School, Chamberlain, South Dakota. Flandreau Indian School, South Dakota. Pierre Indian School, Pierre, South Dakota. Pine Ridge Boarding School, Pine Ridge, South Dakota. Rapid City Indian School, Rapid City, South Dakota. Springfield Indian School, Springfield, South Dakota.  

Pennsylvania American Indian Boarding Schools

Carlisle Indian School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, was open from 1879–1918. Also known as the Carlisle Residential School, it was the first boarding school for native American children, and served as a model for many boarding schools to come after.

Montana American Indian Boarding Schools

Bond’s Mission School or Montana Industrial School for Indians, run by Unitarians, Crow Indian Reservation near Custer Station, Montana, 1886–97. Fort Shaw Indian School, Fort Shaw, Montana.  

Alabama American Indian Boarding Schools

Asbury Manual Labor School, near Fort Mitchell, Alabama open 1822–30, run by the United Methodist Missions.  

Oklahma American Indian Boarding Schools

Anadarko Boarding School, Anadarko, Oklahoma open 1911–33. Bacone College, Muscogee, Oklahoma, 1881–present. Bloomfield Female Academy, originally near Achille, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory. Opened in 1848 but relocated to Ardmore, Oklahoma around 1917 and in 1934 was renamed Carter Seminary. Carter … Continue reading

New Mexico American Indian Boarding Schools

There were five American Indian boarding schools in the state of New Mexico.

Indian Territory Boarding Schools

The first Indian Territory Boarding Schools opened in 1872, and some are still in operation at present. Learn about the history of American Indian boarding schools.

Wyoming Tribal College Index

Wyoming Wind River Tribal College *** P.O. Box 8300 Ethete, WY 82520 Ph. 307.335.8243 Fax: 307.335.8148Website: *** Signifies Associate Status

Oklahoma Tribal College Index

Oklahoma Tribal Colleges: College of the Muscogee Nation *** PO Box 917 Okmulgee, OK 74447Ph. 918-758-1480Fax: 918-549-2880Website:  Comanche Nation College *** 1608 SW 9th Street Lawton, OK 73501Ph 580.591,0203Fax: 580.353.7075Website: *** Signifies Associate Status

Wisconsin Tribal College Index

Wisconsin Tribal Colleges: College of Menominee Nation * P. O. Box 1179 Keshena, WI 54135Ph. 715-799-5600Fax: 715-799-1308Website:  Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College * 13466 West Trepania Rd Hayward, WI 54843Ph. 715-634 4790Fax: 715-634-5049Website: *Signifies accreditation by the … Continue reading

Washington Tribal College Index

Washington Tribal Colleges: Northwest Indian College ** 2522 Kwina Road Bellingham, WA 98226 Ph.360-676-2772 Fax: 360-738-0136Website:  Salish Kootenai College (satellite locations in Washington at Colville, Spokane, and Wellpinit) Address: PO Box 70, Pablo, MT 59855 Phone: (406) 275-4800Website:   **Signifies … Continue reading

South Dakota Tribal College Index

South Dakota Tribal Colleges: Oglala Lakota College * 490 Piya Wiconi Road Kyle, SD 57752Ph. 605-455-6022Fax: 605-455-6023Website:  Sinte Gleska University * P. O. Box 409 Rosebud, SD 57570Ph. 605-856-5880Fax: 605-856-5401Website:  Sisseton Wahpeton College * P. O. Box 689 … Continue reading

North Dakota Tribal College Index

North Dakota Tribal Colleges: Cankdeska Cikana Community College * (Formerly Little Hoop Community College) P. O. Box 269 Fort Totten, ND 58335Ph. 701-766-4415Fax: 701-766-4077Website:  Nueta Hidatsa Sahnish College (Formerly Fort Berthold Community College)* 220 Eighth Avenue North P. O. Box … Continue reading

New Mexico Tribal College Index

New Mexico Tribal Colleges: Navajo Technical University * (Formerly Crown Point Institute of Technology) P. O. Box 849 Crownpoint, NM 87313Ph. 505-786-4100 Fax: 505-786-5644Website:  Institute of American Indian Arts * 83 Avan Nu Po Road Santa Fe, NM 87505Ph. 505-424-2300Fax: … Continue reading

Nebraska Tribal Collage Index

Nebraska Tribal Colleges: Nebraska Indian Community College * College Hill P. O. Box 428 Macy, NE 68039Ph. 402-837-5078Fax: 402-837-4183Website:   Little Priest Tribal College * P. O. Box 270 Winnebago, NE 68071Ph. 402-878-2380Fax: 402-878-2355Website: *Signifies accreditation by the Higher … Continue reading

Montana Tribal College Index

Montana Tribal Colleges: Blackfeet Community College ** P. O. Box 819 Browning, MT 59417Ph. 406-338-7755Fax: 406-338-3272Website:  Chief Dull Knife College ** P. O. Box 98 Lame Deer, MT 59043Ph.406-477-6215Fax: 406-477-6219Website:  Aaniiih Nakoda College ** (Formerly Fort Belknap College) … Continue reading

Minnesota Tribal College Index

Minnesota Tribal Colleges: Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College * 2101 14th Street Cloquet, MN 55720-2964 Ph. 218-879-0800 Fax: 218-879-0814 Website:  Leech Lake Tribal College * Rt. 3, Box 100 Cass Lake, MN 56633 Ph. 218-335-4200 Fax: 218-335-4215 … Continue reading

Michigan Tribal College Index

Michigan Tribal Colleges: Bay Mills Community College * 12214 West Lakeshore Drive Brimley, MI 49715 Ph. 906-248-3354 Fax: 906-248-3351 Website:  Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College* 111 Beartown Rd, PO Box 519 Baraga, Michigan 49908 Ph. 906.353.4600 Fax: 906.353.8107 Website: … Continue reading

Kansas Tribal College Index

Kansas Tribal College: Haskell Indian Nations University * 155 Indian Avenue P. O. Box 5030 Lawrence, KS 66046-4800 Ph. 785-749-8479 Fax: 785-749-8411 Website:

Arizona Tribal College Index

Arizona Tribal Colleges: Diné College * P. O. Box 126 Tsaile, AZ 86556Ph. 928-724-6671Fax: 928-724-3327Website:   Tohono O’odham Community College * P.O. Box 3129 Sells, AZ 85634Ph. 520-383-8401Fax: 520-383-8403Website: Tohono O’odham Community College is a regionally accredited, publicly supported tribal college … Continue reading

Alaska Tribal College Index

Alaska Tribal College:   Ilisagvik College ** P.O. Box 749 Barrow, Alaska 99723 907-852-3333Ph. Toll-free (Alaska only): 1-800-478-7337Fax: 907-852-2729Website: **Signifies accreditation by the Northwest Accreditation Commission

Native American Lesson Plan – Fact or Fiction?

Age Range: Grade 9 through grade 12 (High School)

Overview and Purpose: The American Indians are often portrayed as wearing animal skin capes and headdresses at the first Thanksgiving feast. Is this accurate? In this lesson, students will research those early American Indians and separate fact from fiction.

Objective: The student will be able to correct ten common myths about the early American Indians.

Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, Yankton Sioux Writer and Political Activist

Zitkala-Ša (Red Bird) also known as Gertrude Simmons Bonnin

Zitkala-Ša, (“Red Bird”) 1876–1938 – Also known by the missionary-given name Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, was a Yankton Dakota Sioux writer, editor, musician, teacher and political activist.