Maya Astronomy and Mathematics

Members of the Mayan ethnics from Yucatan, Chiapas and Guatemala launched the website “Living the Mayan time, sun, corn and Calendar”, which aims to provide teachers and high school students with content in Maya Astronomy and Mathematics.

“It is an effort that brought the work of more than 130 people, of which 95 percent belong to the Maya indigenous from Yucatan, Chiapas and Guatemala, who worked to create a web page that highlights the ancestral knowledge of this civilization in areas such as astronomy and the calendar. This Mayan culture site will provide interactive tools in Maya Math lessons for children and high school teachers,” declared Isabel Hawkins.

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How the seasons came to be, an Acoma legend

How the seasons came to be, an Acoma legend. Shakok, the Spirit of Winter, fights Miochin, ruler of the Summer. Here is how it unfolds.

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Yakama Nation History Timeline

The Yakama Nation is an indigenous tribe of the Pacific Northwest who live in Washington State. Here is a brief timeline of their history with Europeans from the 1750s to the present.

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How Arch Rock on Mackinac Island was formed

Arch Rock on Mackinac Island, Ottawa legend

Arch Rock is a natural rock bridge above the eastern shoreline of Mackinac Island in northern Michigan. From certain angles, the arch, which is about 150 feet above the lake, appears to be suspended in the air. This mythical explanation of its origin was recorded in 1850.

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Chief Pocatello, Shoshone

Chief Pocatello came to be known in the 1860s among Mormon leaders, Indian agents, and army officers headquartered in the Salt Lake area for his exploits as the head of a so-called outlaw band of Indians.

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Chief Appanoose (Meskwaki or Fox)

Chief Appanoose, Meswaki chief

All the counties of Iowa were given their names by the Iowa Territorial Legislature, long before they were physically organized. Many of the counties were named for past presidents, explorers or other historical figures. Many were named for Indian chiefs or for tribes of the immediate area. Appanoose County, Iowa derived its name from Chief Appanoose, because he was an important Indian chief who had his camp along a nearby stream at one time.

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Ahshahwaygeeshegoqua, Ojibwe warrior woman

Hanging Cloud was the so-called “Chippewa Princess” who was renowned as a warrior and as the only female among the Chippewa allowed to participate in the war ceremonies and dances, and to wear the plumes of the warriors.

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Little Turtle, Miami Chief

Little Turtle, Miami Chief

Little Turtle was a Miami chief, who fought several battles with the United States in the 1790s, which was referred to at the time as Little Turtle’s War (now known as the Northwest Indian War). In 1791, his warriors defeated General St. Clair, who lost 623 men, the most decisive loss by the US against Native American forces ever.

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The Legend of the Cherokee Rose (nu na hi du na tlo hi lu i)

Picture of Cherokee Rose

More than 175 years ago, gold was discovered in the mountains of North Carolina and Georgia and as thousands of new settlers invaded the area, it spawned tensions with the American Indian tribes.

As a result, President Andrew Jackson established the Indian Removal Policy in 1830, which forced theCherokee Nation to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and migrate to Indian Territory (now present day Oklahoma.) This is the legend of why the wild Cherokee Rose can be found all along the Trail of Tears from North Carolilna to Oklahoma.

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Legend Of Crazy Woman’s Fork

The Absarakas, or Crow nation, have the reputation of being good friends to the whites, and it is also said they have never warred with them. Iron Bull, a renowned chief of the Crows, relates the following legend.

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Tosahwi (White Knife or Silver Knife or Silver Brooch), Penateka Comanche chief

Tosahwi (White Knife) was a peaceful Penateka Comanche chief during the last decade of the Indian Wars.

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Sanapia, Comanche Eagle Medicine Woman

Sanapia, Comanche eagle medicine woman
Among the Comanche, it was believed that religious power could be obtained from a supernatural being through dreams. Sanapia was a 21st century eagle medicine woman who obtained her powers through such dreams. Her mother and maternal uncle were both Comanche shamans or eagle doctors. Sanapia’s maternal uncle was also active in the Comanche peyote cult. Her paternal grandfather was a Comanche chief, and her mother’s brother was an Arapaho chief. Continue reading