Upper Mattaponi Indian Tribe

The Mattaponi were one of six tribes inherited by Chief Powhatan in the late 16th century. The tribe spoke an Algonquian language, like other members of the Powhatan Chiefdom. The paramount chiefdom of the Powhatan numbered more than 30 tribes by the time the English arrived and settled Jamestown in 1607.

In addition, a Mattaponi band had long been settled outside the reservation at an unincorporated hamlet called Adamstown, located on the upper reaches of the Mattaponi River. This has been identified as Indian land in records dating to the 17th century. In 1921, the Upper Mattaponi Tribe of Adamstown organized as an official group separate from the main Mattaponi population who resided on the reservation.

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Yakama Chief Kamiakin (ca. 1800-1877)

Yakama Chief Kamaikin

Kamiakin was an influential chief of the Yakama Tribe, a reluctant signer of the 1855 Walla Walla Treaty creating the Yakama Reservation, and one of the key war leaders during the Northwest’s Indian Wars of 1855-1858.

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Nipo Strongheart, one of the first native american actors and a scholar

Nipo Tach Num Strongheart, native American actor from the Yakima Nation

Nipo Strongheart, (1891-1966) was a Wild west show performer with Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show and Major Lillie’s Pawnee Bill Shows, and later a Hollywood actor, one of the first native americans in film.

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1855 Yakama Nation Treaty

The Fire Boat

The Yakama Nation Treaty of 1855 was signed by Govenor Isaac Stevens and fourteen indian chiefs from various indian bands. Collectively, they now form the  Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation.

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Chinook Indian Nation

 The Chinook Indian Nation consists of the western most Chinookan people. This tribe includes bands of Lower Chinook, Clatsop, Willapa, Wahkiakum and Cathlamet. They have always resided in the lower Columbia River region.

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Plateau Indians encountered during the Lewis and Clark Expedition

The Plateau Indians were those who lived within the broad region of highlands now called the Columbia Plateau. This area extended from west to east between the Cascade Mountains and the Rocky Mountains and north to south from the Fraser River in British Columbia down to northern Oregon and Idaho, with a small strip reaching into northern California.

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Have no fear of death

This native American quote by Shawnee Chief Tecumseh about fear and death inspires you to make this life count, to pursue noble undertakings, and live to the fullest  having used all your talents and have no regrets. Continue reading

Tecumseh, Shawnee Chief

Tecumseh, Shawnee chief

Tecumseh was a Shawnee war chief who attempted to assemble a confederation of tribes to resist white settlement into the Ohio and Mississippi valleys in the early 1800s. Continue reading

Chief Bluejacket, Shawnee

Chief Blue Jacket, Shawnee leader

Blue Jacket or Weyapiersenwah (c. 1743 – c. 1810) was a war chief of the Shawnee people, known for his militant defense of Shawnee lands in the Ohio.  He was noted chiefly as the principal leader of the Indian forces in the battle with General Wayne of August 20, 1794, at Presque Isle, Ohio. Continue reading

Black Bob, Hathawekela Shawnee chief

Black Bob (Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) was a chief of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee indian tribe. He was known for being one of the last Shawnee leaders to resist leaving for the Indian Territory, and for keeping his band together until his death, holding their lands in common, as they moved between Missouri, Arkansas, and the Black Bob Reservation in Kansas. Continue reading

Big Jim, Absentee Shawnee leader

Big Jim, Absentee Shawnee leader

Big Jim was the popular name of a noted full-blood Shawnee leader, known among his people as Wapameepto, “Gives light as he walks”. His English name was originally Dick Jim, later corrupted into Big Jim. He was also known as White Road. Continue reading

Cahuilla Creation Story as told by the Augustine Cahuilla

In the beginning there was darkness. From this darkness two twin gods came into being, Mukat and Témayawet. Both argued constantly over who was born first. They soon created the earth, the oceans and the sky. Afterwards Témayawet asked what they were to do next. Mukat responded that the question confirmed that it was he, Mukat, who was the eldest of the two, for he knew the answer.

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Augustine Indian Reservation

Augustine Casino

The Augustine Reservation is home to  a federally recognized Cahuilla band of Native Americans based in Coachella, California called the Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians. They are one of the smallest tribal nations in the United States, consisting of only eight members, only one of whom is an adult.

The namesake for the Augustine Tribe and Reservation was Captain Vee-Vee Augustine who was born in the year 1820. Notes from early explorers indicated that the Cahuilla People were flourishing in the area at this time with 22 villages. In 1856 surveyors with the United States Land Office noted on their maps an important Cahuilla Village that would later be designated as the Augustine Reservation.

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Annette Islands Reserve is the only indian reservation in Alaska

Metlakatla, Alaska is a community of Tsimshian people who followed a missionary of the Anglican Church of England, Mr. William Duncan, to a new home in the United States from their previous home in British Columbia, Canada. The United States Congress granted recognition to the new community in 1891 by creating the Annette Islands Reserve, a federal Indian reservation. Today it is the only indian reservation in the State of Alaska. Continue reading

Alturas Indian Reservation

Alturas Rancheria Headquarters

The Alturas Indian Rancheria is a federally recognized tribe of Achomawi Indians in California. The Achomawi are also known as the Pit River Indians. The tribe controls a 20-acre (81,000 m2) reservation about one mile southeast of Alturas, California, in Modoc County. Continue reading