Acolapissa Timeline

The Acolapissa were Choctaw speaking hunter/farmers of the lower Mississippi River in Louisiana.  They occupied the Natchitoches for some time, having a battle upon their separation.  After decimation by a smallpox epidemic, and having suffered a slaving raid by the British and Chickasaw, this tribe allied with the French.  Continue reading

Pit River Indians Timeline

The Achomawi (Pit River Indians) were semi-sedentary hunter/ gatherer tribes located in the drainage of the Pit River in northeastern California. They were often called the Pit River Indians due to their practice of digging pits for the purpose of catching game. The tribes were often victims of slaving raids of tribes from the north and later were devastated by settlers in the years following the gold rush.

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Absaroka (Crow) Timeline

The Crow (ABSAROKE OR ABSALOOKE)  were sedentary hunter/farmers until they separated from the Hidatsa in two groups about A.D. 1400 and 1600.  Upon separation, they became nomadic hunter/gatherers of the northern Plains.  In historic times, they ranged from the valley of the Yellowstone in southern Montana south as far as the Laramie fork of the Platte in Wyoming.  They were constantly in conflict with most of their neighbors and severely outnumbered. Here is a timeline of important events in their history. Continue reading

Abenaki Timeline

The Abenaki were a woodland hunter/ farmer confederacy who’s tradition states that they migrated from the Southwest. They ranged throughout southwestern Maine into Vermont and New Hampshire. Early contact was with the British, but the tribe was missionized and allied with the French. They ranged throughout southwestern Maine into Vermont and New Hampshire. Early contact was with the British, but the tribe was missionized and allied with the French.

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1865 Treaty With The Cheyenne And Arapaho

The Treaty With The Cheyenne And Arapahosigned on October 14, 1865 was ratified on May 22, 1866, and proclaimed on February 2, 1867.

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1865 Treaty With The Apache, Cheyenne, And Arapaho

The treaty with the Apache, Cheyenne, and Arapaho signed on October 14, 1865 was presented on October 17, 1865, ratified on May 22, 1866 and went into effect on May 26, 1866. This is treaty 14 Stat., 713.

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Assiniboine (Nakoda) Treaties

The Assinaboine are the Nakoda branch of the Sioux. They were once all one tribe, but split due to disagreements and eventually became enemies and separate tribes.

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Arikara Treaties

The Arikara signed three treaties with the United States. They were a semi-nomadic people who lived on the Great Plains of the United States of America for several hundred years. The Arikara separated from the Pawnee before White contact. 

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Shasta Treaties

Home :: Treaties by Tribe :: Treaties by Tribe A-C :: Shasta (Chasta) Treaties

The Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon (CTGR) consists of twenty-seven Native American tribes with long historical ties to present-day Western Oregon between the western boundary of the Oregon Coast and the eastern boundary of the Cascade Range, and the northern boundary of southwestern Washington, and the southern boundary of Northern California. One of these tribes are the Chasta Indians, now known as Shasta Indians.

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Arapaho Treaties

The ARAPAHO (Also ARRAPAHOE; ARAPAHOE) are a tribe of Native Americans historically living on the plains of Colorado and Wyoming. They were close allies of the Cheyenne Indians and loosely aligned with the Lakota and Dakota. The Arapaho language (Heenetiit), is an Algonquian language closely related to the Gros Ventre language (Ahe/A’ananin), whose people are seen as an early offshoot of the Arapaho.

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Anadarko Treaties

Home :: Treaties by Tribe :: Indian Treaties A-C :: Anadarko Treaties

The Anadarko Indians were part of the Caddo Confederacy. Anadarko is a derivative of the Caddo town of Nadarko in eastern Texas, and is usually translated to mean “wild honey.”

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Aionai Treaties

Home :: Treaties by Tribe :: Indian Treaties A-C :: Aionai Treaties

Who were the Aionai? If you know more about them, please drop us an email through our Contact form.

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Apache Treaties

The Apache Indians signed six different treaties with the United States between 1852 and 1867.

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1852 Apache Treaty

This is the actual wording of a treaty made at Santa Fe, New Mexico on July 1, 1852 between representatives of the US Government and the Apache Nation.

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Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation

Hualapai Indian people at annual pow wow

The Hualapai Tribe is a federally recognized Indian Tribe located in northwestern Arizona. “Hualapai” (pronounced Wal-lah-pie) means “People of the Tall Pines.” In 1883, an executive order established the Hualapai reservation.

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Who are the Athabaskan peoples?

Alaska Athabaskan people

Athabaskan is the name of a language group, also called Na-Dene or Apachean, that includes languages associated with Native American and First Nation people that today live in Alaska, northwest Canada, and coastal Oregon and California. Continue reading

Yup’ik and Cup’ik Culture

Yup'ik and Cup'ik map

Yup'ik and Cup'ik mapThe southwest Alaska Natives are named after the two main dialects of the Yup’ik language, known as Yup’ik and Cup’ik. The estimated population, at the time of contact, was: Nunivak 500, Yukon-Kuskokwim 13,000 and Bristol Bay 3,000. The Yup’ik and Cup’ik still depend upon subsistence fishing, hunting and gathering for food.

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Alutiiq / Sugpiaq

Alutiiq Map

Alutiiq Map

The Alutiiq people are also referred to as Aleut (plural form “Alutiit“), also called by their ancestral name Sugpiaq (plural form “Sugpiat” or “Sugpiak“) as well as Pacific Eskimo or Pacific Yupik.  At present, the most commonly used title is Alutiiq (singular) or Alutiik or Alutiit (plural). They are not to be confused with the Aleuts, who live further to the southwest, including along the Aleutian Islands. The Alutiiq are a southern coastal Native people of Alaska.

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Rocky Boy’s Reservation

Both Chief Rocky Boy’s band and Chief Little Bear’s band were Plains Indians, a primarily hunting and gathering culture. The hunting of buffalo was central to the lifestyle of Cree people for thousands of years and to western Chippewa since the early1800’s.

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Navajo language

Navajo (Diné bizaad), pronounced Navaho, is an Athabaskan language of Na-Dené stock spoken in the southwestern United States. It is geographically and linguistically one of the Southern Athabaskan languages although the majority of Athabaskan languages are spoken in northwest Canada … Continue reading

Anvik Village

Anvik is a Deg Hit’an Athabascan community, with a rich history. It is located on the west bank of the Yukon River in Interior Alaska, just inside the old mouth of the Anvik River along the hillside. This hillside is called Deloy Ges (Hawk Bluff is the English name), which means “so-called mountain” in Deg Xinag, the local Athabascan language. Raven, or Yuxgitsiy, whose name translates as “everyone’s grandfather” created Deloy Ges.

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Eskimo Culture

Eskimo culture map

Eskimos are indigenous peoples who have traditionally inhabited the circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia), across Alaska (United States), Canada, and Greenland. There are two main groups that are referred to as Eskimo: Yupik and Inuit. A third group, the Aleut, is related.

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Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians

Each of these tribes has a unique individual history, culture and legal relationship with the federal government, which was brought to be incorporated into the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians. These unique relationships were formed through treaties, laws, agreements and executive orders. Before this legal/political intervention, each was a separate tribe with, in many instances, many sub-tribes and individual villiages under each tribal designation.

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Relationship of american indian tribes to tribes mentioned in the Bible

Aboriginal groups in Australia, native Pacific Islanders, American Indians and Eskimos were birthed from descendants of Canaan, Cush, Mizraim, and Phut.

Evidence for diverse migrations into the Americas comes from research on living American Indian populations, which includes data from Mitochondrial DNA. These studies have consistently shown similarities between American Indians and recent populations in Asia, Siberia and northern Scandinavia.

These groups include the Lapps in northern Europe/Scandinavia, the Yukaghir in Siberia, plus Indians and Eskimos/Aleuts throughout Canada and America. Ancient skeletal remains show a range of physical attributes (round-headed) suggesting separate migrations of different populations from Asia and the South Pacific, representing 95 percent of all modern American Indian populations. What of the other 5 percent?

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Allegany Indian Reservation

Seneca Chief Corn Planter

Allegany Indian Reservation is an American Indian reservation in New York state. This reservation is primarily home to Seneca people, but a smaller number of Cayuga also live there. Both tribes belong to the Iroquois Nation.

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Havasupai Reservation

Havasu Falls on the Havasupai Indian reservation in Arizona

The Havasupai Reservation is remotely located near the southwest corner of the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona and consists of 188,077 acres. It is home to the federally recognized Havasupai tribe.

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Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation

Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas Reservation

The Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation is home to the federally recognized Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of Texas. This indian tribe includes Alabama Indians (Alibamu or Albaamaha) and Coushatta Indians (Koasati) who joined together in the 1880s.

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Cahuilla Timeline

Here is a timeline of the Cahuilla people from the time of their first contact with Europeans in 1774 to the present.

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Agua Caliente Indian Reservation

Indian Canyon palm trees on Agua Caliente Indian Reservation of Cahuilla Indians

The Agua Caliente Indian Reservation was founded in 1896. It is home to the federally recognized Agua Caliente band of Cahuilla Indians.

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List of 50 largest Indian reservations

Here is a list of the 50 largest federally recognized Indian reservations in the United States by area. It includes all that are larger than 800 km² (300 sq. mi.). Area is defined as all areas included in Tribal Census … Continue reading

Major Indian Wars Timeline

Here is a table of the major indian wars with dates, tribes, and a brief explanation of what each indian war was about.

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Acolapissa merged with the Houma

The Acolapissa disappeared as a separate tribe during 1765, and their subsequent history is identical with the Houma with whom they merged. The Houma remained in Ascension Parish until 1776 when they were overrun by settlement. They sold their land to two French Creoles that year, but small groups of them remained in the vicinity until 1840. However, by 1785 the majority had moved southwest and concentrated in La Fourche and Terrebonne Parishes (Houma, Louisiana) about 25 miles from New Orleans.

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Five Civilized Tribes

The Five Civilized Tribes are the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, (Muskogee) Creek, and Seminole tribes. These tribes were all originally from the Southeast Cultural Area and some of the first tribes visited by Europeans. These tribes adopted the European way of living earlier than most other tribes.

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Florida Mission Indians

More than 150 mission churches once were spread across north Florida and south Georgia.

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Powhatan Confederacy

The Powhatan Confederacy controlled most of tidewater Virginia and the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay.

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Western Confederacy

The Western Confederacy, which had its roots in pan-tribal movements dating to the 1740s, was a loose confederacy of North American Natives in the Great Lakes region following the American Revolutionary War. These native american tribes came together to resist … Continue reading

Creek Confederacy

Prior to the early 18th Century, most of Georgia was home to American Indians belonging to a southeastern alliance known as the Creek Confederacy. Today’s Creek Nation, also known as the Muskogee, were the major tribe in that alliance.

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Council of Three Fires Confederacy

The Council of Three Fires, also known as the People of the Three Fires, the Three Fires Confederacy, the United Nations of Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi Indians, or Niswi-mishkodewin in the Anishinaabe language, is a long-standing Anishinaabe alliance of the … Continue reading

Sioux Nation

Map of present day Sioux Reservations, and their original reservation.

Sioux indians, tribes, nations and reservations

The Great Sioux Nation is actually made up of 18 separate tribes, or bands in the US, and 12 in Canada. These are divided into three divisions: the Lakota Sioux, Dakota Sioux, and the Nakota Sioux.

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California Mission Indians

California Mission Indians is a designation for the Indians of Southern California forced by the Spanish into the mission system in the coastal areas of the southern two-thirds of the state. All of the Indians who traditionally lived in the San … Continue reading

Iroquois Confederacy

The Iroquois, also known as the Haudenosaunee  or the Six Nations, (the Five Nations and Five Nations of the Iroquois before 1722), and to themselves the Goano’ganoch’sa’jeh’seroni or Ganonsyoni, are a historically powerful and important northeast Native American people who formed the Iroquois Confederacy and today make up the Six Nations. 

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Cherokee Bands, Gens, and Clans

The Cherokee (ᏣᎳᎩ) are a Native American people historically settled in the Southeastern United States (principally Georgia, the Carolinas and Eastern Tennessee). Linguistically, they are part of the Iroquoian language family. In the 19th century, historians and ethnographers recorded their oral tradition that told of the tribe having migrated south in ancient times from the Great Lakes region, where other Iroquoian-speaking peoples were located.

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Tejas (Caddo) Confederacy

The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Southeastern Native American tribes, who traditionally inhabited much of what is now East Texas, northern Louisiana and portions of southern Arkansas and Oklahoma.

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