During the years after the Gold Rush (1849) anthropologists visited the Central Valley of California. They grouped California Tribes together by their languages; with approximately 60 Tribes in the greater Central Valley grouped under this designation. These groups had (and still do have) similar cultures, and speak the same language, but had different dialects.
The Cahuilla have been historically divided into “Mountain,” “Desert,” and “Pass” groups by anthropologists. Today there are nine Southern California reservations that are acknowledged homes to bands of Cahuilla people.
The Shawnee Tribes were originally an Eastern Woodland tribe native to the Ohio Valley. Also known as the Loyal Shawnee and Absentee Shawnee, and formerly known as the Cherokee Shawnee, the Shawnee Indians include three federally recognized Shawnee tribes, one state recognized tribe, and eighteen unrecognized tribes.
The Shawnee Tribe are an Eastern Woodland tribe. Also known as the Loyal Shawnee, the Shawnee Indians are one of three related federally recognized tribes.
“Abenaki” is a linguistic and geographic grouping. Historically there was not a strong central authority, but as listed below a large number of smaller bands and tribes who shared many cultural traits.
Hia C-eḍ O’odham Tribe
The Hia C-eḍ O’odham have often been considered a “Papago subtribe” by anthropologists, along with the Tohono O’odham and several groups that vanished or merged with the Tohono O’odham.
Historically, the O’odham inhabited an enormous area of land in the southwest, extending South to Sonora, Mexico, north to Central Arizona (just north of Phoenix, Arizona), west to the Gulf of California, and east to the San Pedro River. This land base was known as the Papagueria and it had been home to the O’odham for thousands of years.
Wyoming Indian Reservations
There is one indian reservation in Wyoming. Wyoming Indian Reservations Reservation: Wind RiverTribes: Northern Arapaho and Eastern Band of Shoshoni.Acres: 95, 307Established by: Treaty of July 3, 1868 (xv, 673); acts of June 22, 1874 (xviIi, 166), and Dec. … Continue reading
Wisconsin indian reservations
There are seven indian reservations in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Indian Reservations Reservation: Lac Court OreilleTribes: Lac Court Oreille band of Chippewa of Lake SuperiorAcres: 20,096Established by: Treaty of Sept. 30, 1854 (x, 1109); lands withdrawn by General Land Office, Nov.22, … Continue reading
Washington State Indian Reservations
There are 21 indian reservations in the state of Washington.
Virginia Indian Reservations
There are no federal indian reservations in the state of Virginia. However, there are a number of state recognized tribes who have community lands. They are: Virginia Indian Reservations Chickahominy Tribe:RFD 1, PO Box 299Providence Forge, VA 23140 Eastern … Continue reading
Utah Indian Reservations
There are eight indian reservations in the state of Utah.
Texas Indian Reservations
There is only one Texas indian reservation.
States with no indian reservations
Fourteen states have no indian reservations. States with no indian reservations Arkansas Delaware Georgia Illinois Kentucky Maryland New Hampshire New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania Tennessee Vermont Virginia West Virginia
South Dakota Indian Reservations
South Dakota Indian Reservations Reservation: Crow Creek and Old WinnebagoTribes: Lower Yanktonai, Lower Brulé, Miniconjou, and Two Kettle (Oohenonpa) Sioux.Acres: 111,711Established by: Order of department, July 1, 1863; treaty of Apr. 29, 1868 (xv, 635); and Executive order, Feb. 27, … Continue reading
Oregon Indian Reservations
There are 12 indian reservations in the state of Oregon.
Oklahoma Indian Reservations
There are 27 indian reservations in the state of Oklahoma, which was once known as Indian Territory.
North Dakota Indian Reservations
There are four indian reservations in the state of North Dakota.
North Carolina Indian Reservations
There is one one land trust area in the state of North Carolina. As a trust, the land is technically not a “reservation” per se, in that tribal members can buy and own the land, provided they are enrolled members of the Tribe of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee of North Carolina.
New York Indian Reservations
There are 15 indian reservations in the state of New York.
New Mexico Indian Reservations and Pueblos
New Mexico is home to 19 pueblos and three indian reservations.
Nevada Indian Reservations
There are 16 indian reservations in the state of Nevada.
Nebraska Indian Reservations
There are seven indian reservations in Nebraska.
Minnesota Indian Reservations
There are eleven indian reservations in the state of Minnesota.
Michigan Indian Reservations
There are five American indian reservations in the state of Michigan.
Massachusettes Indian Reservations
There are three Massachusetts indian reservations.
Maryland Indian Reservations
There are no indian reservations in the state of Maryland.
Maine Indian Reservations
There are three Maine indian reservations. Passamaquoddy Indian Township Reservation Passamaquoddy Pleasant Point Reservation Penobscot Indian Island Reservation
Kansas Indian Reservations
More than thirty-five tribes and bands lived in Kansas at one time or another. Many tribes were moved there during the indian removal years. Today, thre are six indian reservations in Kansas.
Iowa Indian Reservations
Seventeen indian tribes either lived in or hunted in Iowa at one time or another. Today, there are three current indian reservations in the state of Iowa, and one that has been disbanned.
Idaho Indian Reservations
Nineteen different indian tribes either lived or hunted in the state of Idaho. Today, there are four indian reservations in Idaho. There were two more that are no longer in existence.
Hawaii Indian Reservations
There are no indian reservations in Hawaii. Instead, they have Hawaiian homelands. A Hawaiian home land is an area held in trust for Native Hawaiians by the state of Hawaii under by the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1921.
In 1921, the federal government of the United States set aside as approximately 200,000 acres (810 km2) in the Territory of Hawaii as a land trust for homesteading by Native Hawaiians. The law mandating this, passed by the U.S. Congress on July 9, 1921, was called the “Hawaiian Homes Commission Act” (HHCA) and, with amendments, is still in effect today.
Florida Indian Reservations
About fifty-four indian tribes have been associated with the state of Florida at one time or another. Many of these tribes are now extinct, or were combined to make new tribes, or removed from the state by the US Government. … Continue reading
Connecticut Indian Reservations
There were once 13 different tribes who roamed the lands we now call Connecticut. The name of this state comes from the Indian word Quinnehtukqut meaning “beside the long tidal river.” There were once nine indian reservations in Connecticut. Today, … Continue reading
Colorado Indian Reservations
The land now known as the state of Colorado was once used by 15 different native American tribes. Today, there are two indian reservations in Colorado.
California Indian Reservations
There are 86 Indian Reservations, Indian Colonies, and Rancherias within the state of California.
Arizona Indian Reservations
There are 24 indian reservations in the state of Arizona.
Alaska Indian Reservations
The Metlakatla Indian Community is the only Native Reservation in Alaska. There are many other indian tribes in Alaska, but most Alaskan natives have a different land system than the tribes in the continental US. There is only one Alaska Indian Reservation Alaska … Continue reading
Alabama Indian Reservations
There is one american indian reservation in the state of Alabama The Poarch Creek Indian Reservation is a Creek Indian reservation in the state of Alabama. It is the home of the Poarch Band of Creek Indians, the only federally … Continue reading
Salish Indian Reservations
Below is a list of some of, but not all of the tribes and nations located in Washington and Oregon in the United States, and British Columbia in Canada, along with their respective reservations.
Pend d’Oreilles Indian Reservations
The Pend d’Oreilles, also known as the Kalispel, are an Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau. Their traditional territory was around Lake Pend Oreille, as well as the Pend Oreille River, and Priest Lake. Today many of them live in Montana and eastern Washington. The primary tribal range from roughly Plains, Montana, westward along the Clark Fork River, Lake Pend Oreille in Idaho, and the Pend Oreille River in eastern Washington and into British Columbia (Canada) was given the name Kaniksu by the Kalispel peoples.
Gros Ventre Reservations
The Gros Ventre people, also known as the A’ani, A’aninin, Haaninin, and Atsina, are a historically Algonquian-speaking Native American tribe located in north central Montana. Today the Gros Ventre people are enrolled in the Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort … Continue reading
apsaalookeCrow About 75 percent of the Crow tribe membership of approximately 10,000 or more enrolled members live on or near the Crow Reservation in Montana. Eighty-five percent speak Crow as their first language.
Cheyenne Indian Reservations
tsetsehesestahaseNorthern Cheyenne Approximately 5,000 Northern Cheyenne, along with members of other tribes and with non-Native Americans, live on the Northern Cheyenne Reservation in Montana. Lame Deer is the tribal and government agency headquarters.
Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
The Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians was considered to be part of the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa, but was not a party to the treaties that group signed. Since 1934, it has been one of the six bands making up the federally recognized Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, which wrote a constitution and initiated its new government in 1936.
Chippewa Indian Reservations
The Chippewa or Ojibway Indians are one of the largest groups of American Indians in North America. There are nearly 150 different bands of Chippewa in the northern part of the United States and in southern Canada (especially in Ontario, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan), living on many different reservations and reserves.
Blackfeet and Blackfoot Reservations
The Blackfoot Confederacy or Niitsítapi (meaning “original people”) is the collective name of three First Nations bands in Alberta, Canada and one Native American tribe in Montana, United States. The US – Canadian international border divided their territory.
Montana Indian Reservations
Montana has seven indian reservations.
The Great Sioux Nation is made up of many tribes. The Sioux peoples maintain many separate tribal governments scattered across several reservations in the Dakotas, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Montana in the United States; and in Manitoba, southern Saskatchewan and Alberta … Continue reading
Chumash Creation Legend
This Chumash legend tells of a great deluge which engulfed the earth, taking with it all living things save for the Spotted Woodpecker, the nephew of Kaqunupenawa, the Sun God. It is the Chumash creation story.
Choctaw Creation Story
The Choctaw who remain in Mississippi tell this story as an explanation of how they came to the land where they live now and of how Naniah Waiya Mound came to be.
Last Free Tribes in Kansas
Ten different indian tribes populated the area we now call Kansas at various times.
The Illinois Confederacy, originally known as the Illini Confederacy, was a confederacy of Algonquian tribes made up of the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Michigamea, Moingwena, Tamaroa and Cahokia tribes.
The Sicangu are part of the Lakota, one of the seven council fires of the Great Sioux Nation
Origin stories tell of life beginning for the Lakota in a cave that is located in what is now Wind Cave National Park on the southern edge of the Black Hills of South Dakota.
The people emerged from the cave to join their relatives the Pte or buffalo, which were to assist the people by sustaining life and providing shelter, clothing and tools.
Former Navajo Nation President Joe Shirley Jr. has been cleared of allegations that he acted unethically and illegally
Former Navajo Nation President Joe Shirley Jr. has been cleared of allegations that he acted unethically and illegally in dealing with two businesses on the reservation.
Powhatan Renape Nation calls self proclaimed chief Prince Alarming
“I am the heir to the Powhatan Empire,” said Crown Prince Emperor El Bey Bigbay. The Crown Prince – as he wishes to be called – is Trenton native William McRea.
“We don’t know where he came from. We don’t know anything about him,” said Obie Batchelor, a Powhatan Renape member from Pennsauken, Camden County. “He just popped up out of the woodwork. You can’t just pop up and claim yourself chief.”
But the Crown Prince can’t simply be written off as eccentric or prone to gibberish: He has managed to get control of the Powhatan Renape Nation’s phone number and he’s accepted artifacts on behalf of the tribe, posing for pictures with elderly women in a large headdress that no Powhatan ever wore.
The Reader’s Companion to American History
This humongous volume of over 1200 pages offers a fresh, absorbing portrait of the United States from the origins of its native peoples to the nation’s complex identity in the 1990s. Covering political, economic, cultural, and social history, and combining hundreds of short descriptive entries with longer evaluative articles, the encyclopedia is informative and engaging.
While covering other aspects of American History, The Reader’s Companion to American History edited by John A. Garraty and Eric Foner also explores the American Indian Wars between the indigenous tribes of the United States and the ever expanding influx of European settlers. Here are some of the wars covered in this interesting history book.
Seminole Nation of Florida had one of the most amazing alliances with freed African slaves
The Seminole Nation of Florida had one of the most amazing if not one of the most important alliances with freed African slaves. Many Native American Nations formed partnerships and deep relationships with African slaves. Both groups fought for freedom and the right to exist in peace, away from the colonizing forces trying to stomp them out.
Extinct languages of North America
Here is a list of North American languages that are now considered extinct or near extinct, along with the name of the last speaker and date of extinction, when known. An extinct language is a language that no longer has any fluent speakers, or that is no longer in current use.
Columbus Day is a mistake for more than one reason
October 12 is a federal holiday in the United States called Columbus Day, which celebrates the explorer, Christopher Columbus. When asked to describe him, most people say one of two things:
1. Christopher Columbus was a brave explorer, who despite terrible odds, sailed across the Atlantic Ocean and proved the world is round.
2. He was a courageous hero who discovered a new continent, called the New World in his time, which is known today as North America, Central America, and South America.
Both of these “facts” are still taught in many American schools. But, if you agreed with either of those statements, you would be wrong.