Maria Montoya Poveka Martinez (c1887-1980), master potter

Maria Montoya Poveka Martinez, master potter

Maria Montoya Poveka Martinez, master potterMaria Montoya Poveka Martinez (c 1881 to 1887-1980) is one of the native american pottery masters and probably the most famous of all pueblo potters. She and her husband, Julian, discovered in 1918 how to produce the now-famous black-on-black pottery, and they spent the remainder of their careers perfecting and producing it for museums and collectors worldwide.

Much of the vitality of contemporary native pottery stems from her inspiration and inovations.

Do native americans celebrate the 4th of July?


Do native americans celebrate the 4th of July? 

~Submitted by Betty G.

To answer, let’s turn back the pages of time. A reasonable chapter to begin in is July 1776, when the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence and 13 colonies became the United States of America. With the emergence of a nation interested in expanding its territory came the issue of what to do with American Indians. History tells us that as the American non-Indian population increased, the indigenous population greatly decreased, along with their homelands and cultural freedoms.

From the beginning, U.S. government policy contributed to culture and land loss. Keeping our focus on the 4th of July, however, let’s jump to the early 1880s, when Secretary of the Interior Henry Teller developed what has come to be called the Religious Crimes Code—regulations at the heart of the Department of Interior, Office of Indian Affairs, Code of Indian Offenses that prohibited American Indian ceremonial life.

Meanings attributed to animals by the Oglala Lakota

Being closely tied to nature and all living things, the Oglala Lakota believed strongly in animal powers and the supernatural. Observance of animal behavior was incorporated into everyday life, creating a belief system that protected all who sought their animal powers. Learn about the spiritual powers attributed to animals by the Oglala Sioux and see how that influenced their daily lives.

Indian Wars Timeline 1866-1898

Indian Wars timeline from 1866-1898. Includes tribes involved, battle name, and causes. This era included Red Cloud’s War, the Washita Massacre, Marias Massacre, Custer’s Last Stand, the Nez Perce War, and the Wounded Knee Massacre, among others.

Indian Wars Timeline 1855 to 1865

Indian Wars Timeline 1855-1865, including tribes involved, causes and effects. This era included the third Seminole War, the California Indian wars, Navajo wars, Apache wars, Sioux and Cheyenne wars, and the massacres of Bear River and Sand Creek, among others.

Indian Wars Timeline 1800 to 1854

Indian Wars Timeline – a list of major battles or indian wars from 1800 to 1864, the tribes involved, and their causes. This era included the Battle of Tippecanoe, the first and second Seminole Wars, and wars with the Arikara, Sioux, Creek, Winnebago, Cherokee, Osage, Comanche, and others. 

Indian Wars Timeline 1500s to 1700s

Indian wars timeline from 1500s to end of 1700s. A list of major battles and their causes. This era included the Jamestown Massacre, King Phillips War, the Pueblo Revolt, and the French and Indain wars, among others.