Early history of Hopi pottery

The Hopi call their ancestors, Hisatsinom, “People of Long Ago.” The public and most anthropologists refer to these people as the “Anasazi,” a word that has become popular in the general literature.

Early Hisatsinom are called the Basketmaker people. The Basketmakers were a hunting and gathering people who became increasingly sedentary as their reliance on agriculture increased. As early as A.D. 700, the Basketmaker people began making plain pottery.

Visiting the Three Mesas of the Hopi Reservation

The Three Mesas of the Hopi Reservation.. KEYWORDS: Hopi travel guide hopi etiquette hopi ceremonies first mesa second mesa third mesa Hopi Reservation hopi visitor’s guide travel tips visiting native american reservations hopi villages oldest continuously inhabited village in North … Continue reading

The Hopi Tribe Grants and Scholarship Program (HTGSP)

This article outlines grants and scholarships available for education through the Hopi tribe.

Hopi Basketry techniques and uses

Hopi Basketry techniques and uses.. KEYWORDS: hopi basketry uses for hopi baskets plaited baskets wicker baskets coiled baskets rabbit brush basket sumac basket coiled baskets second mesa third mesa hopi trays hopi plaques hopi wedding traditions hopi bowls burden basket hopi peach basket

Three basic techniques, plaiting, wicker, and coiling, are employed by Hopi basket weavers. More than one method is sometimes used in making a single basket, providing an array of visual effects.

Twenty Days of the Aztec Month

20 Days of the Aztec Month.. KEYWORDS: aztec calendar names of days on aztec calendar month Here are the names of the days of a month on the Aztec calendar and what they mean.

Aztec history overview and timeline

The center of the Aztec civilization was the Valley of Mexico, a huge, oval basin about 7,500 feet above sea level. The Aztec empire included many cities and towns, especially in the Valley of Mexico. The largest city in the empire was the capital, Tenochtitlan.

The early settlers built log rafts, then covered them with mud and planted seeds to create roots and develop more solid land for building homes in this marshy land. Canals were also cut out through the marsh so that a typical Aztec home had its back to a canal with a canoe tied at the door.

Aztec history overview and timeline

The center of the Aztec civilization was the Valley of Mexico, a huge, oval basin about 7,500 feet above sea level. The Aztec empire included many cities and towns, especially in the Valley of Mexico. The largest city in the empire was the capital, Tenochtitlan.

The early settlers built log rafts, then covered them with mud and planted seeds to create roots and develop more solid land for building homes in this marshy land. Canals were also cut out through the marsh so that a typical Aztec home had its back to a canal with a canoe tied at the door.

The Aztec Gods and Goddesses

The Aztec Gods and Goddesses

It is estimated that the Aztecs had over 1,700 gods and goddesses, many of whom required human sacrifices. Based on the number of sacred temples located, scientists have estimated approximately a quarter million humans were sacrificed every year, roughly equivalent to 1% of the population. Here is a partial list of the Aztec gods and goddesses.

The Known Aztec Emporers

The Aztecs established a lineage of emperors. Each emperor was elected from the royal lineage by a council made up of priest, warriors, and nobles. The reigns would first pass from brother to brother before they were passed to the next generation . Below is a list of known Aztec emperors and the probable dates of their rulership.

Aztec vs. Mayan calendars

The Aztec Calendar was basically similar to that of the Maya. The ritual day cycle was called Tonalpohualli and was formed, as was the Mayan Tzolkin, by the concurrence of a cycle of numerals 1 through 13 with a cycle of 20 day names, many of them similar to the day names of the Maya.

The Aztec culture

The Aztec civilization contained about 15 million people that lived in nearly 500 towns and cities. About 300,000 people lived in Tenochtitlan.

Aztec creation story

This is one of two Aztec creation stories.

Quetzalcoatl, the light one, and Tezcatlipoca, the dark one, looked down from their place in the sky and saw only water below. A gigantic goddess floated upon the waters, eating everything with her many mouths.

Aztec calendar – sun stone

The Aztec Calendar is perhaps the most famous symbol of Mexico, besides its flag.

The original object is a 12′, massive stone slab, carved in the middle of the 15th century. Many renditions of it exist and have existed through the years and throughout Mexico. 

The End of the World according to Lakota legend

The End of the World.. KEYWORDS: sioux legend badlands legend Sunka Sapa legend native american legend end of the world legend lakota legend lahkota legend maka sica AUTHOR: Lakota story told by Jenny Leading Cloud (White River, Rosebud reservation, SD) … Continue reading

Squanto, the English speaking Indian who helped the Pilgrims

The Pilgrims arrived in the New World in 1620. Before they had chosen a suitable site for their settlement, it was late in December. On Christmas Day, the first work party went on shore. Houses were built, and streets were … Continue reading

The true history of Thanksgiving

At the end of their first year, the Puritans held a great feast following the harvest of food from their new farming efforts. The feast honored Squanto and their friends, the Wampanoags. The feast was followed by 3 days of “thanksgiving” celebrating their good fortune. This feast produced the image of the first Thanksgiving that we all grew up with as children. However, things were doomed to change.

Frederick Remington Biography – artist, illustrator, sculptor, painter

Frederick Remington Biography – artist, illustrator, sculptor, painter…The works of 19th-century American sculptor and illustrator Frederic Remington (1861-1909) recall the rough-hewn frontier life of the American West.

What is a Limited Edition Fine Art Print?

Buy at Art.com

What is a Limited Edition Fine Art Print?.. KEYWORDS: native american limited edition fine art prints what is a limited edition fine art print A limited edition print is an original image limited to a predetermined print quantity. The edition … Continue reading

Anishnaabek (Ojibwe) interpretation of the medicine wheel

All tribes have a form of medicine wheel. There is no single answer as to its meaning. The Anishnaabek often referred to the medicine wheel as the CIRCLE OF LIFE symbolizing the natural cycles of birth, growth, death, and regeneration.

Alabama Indian Casinos

Alabama Indian Casinos.. KEYWORDS: indian casino gambling casino tribal casino native american casino Alabama ATMORE Creek Bingo Palace Poarch Band of Creek Indians tribally owned business A list of tribal gambling casinos in Alabama.

Washington Indian Casinos

A list of tribally owned gambling casinos in Washington state.

Clothing, footwear and territory of the Caribou Inuit

Caribou Inuit live in the District of Keewatin in the communities of Chesterfield Inlet, Baker Lake, Rankin Inlet, Whale Cove, and Arviat.

Northwest Indian Symbols and their meanings

Totem carvings tell a story, revealed only if one knows the meaning assigned to various animals, fish, birds and designs and where they are placed. Here are the meanings of some common northwest indian symbols.   BEAVER Creative, Artistic and … Continue reading

Plains Indian Animal Symbols

The examples below are a small sample of the total number of symbols used by the Great Plains people. Not every tribe used these same examples, however, as with sign languages, they were often used as a common means of communication to convey a central idea.

Plains Indian Jewelry Symbols

The examples below are but a small sample of the total number of symbols used by the Great Plains people. Not every tribe used these same examples, however, as with sign languages, they were often used as a common means of communication to convey a central idea.

Southwest Indian Symbols

Southwest Indian Symbols… KEYWORDS: southwest indian symbols of indigenous peoples american indian symbol hopi symbol navajo symbol sacred symbols mother earth symbol kokopelli flute player symbol Hopi nakwách symbol of brotherhood friendship symbol fertility symbol sign of the Elder War … Continue reading

Abenaki (Abanaki, Abenakis, Alnombak) Indians

The Abenaki tribe, together with the Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Mi’kmaq, and Penobscot Indians, were members of the old Wabanaki Confederacy, adversaries of the Iroquois. These allies from the eastern seaboard spoke related languages, and Abenaki and Wabanaki have the same Algonquian root, meaning “people from the east.”

The Battle of Fallen Timbers

The Battle of Fallen Timbers was a conflict between Native American Indians and the United States on August 20, 1794.

The Native American forces were an alliance of Chippewa, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Shawnee, Delaware, and Mingo forces led by the Shawnee leader Weyapiersenwah (Blue Jacket). He was an important predecessor of the famous Shawnee leader Tecumseh. Little is known of Blue Jacket’s early life. Many years after his death, a story appeared that he was in fact a white man.

Early Shawnee culture

Shawnee culture made many changes once they were introduced to european influence. Here is an overview of early Shawnee tribal customs and how they were changed by exposure to europeans.

The Shawnee Profit (Tenskwatawa), Kumskakau, and Sauwaseekau, brothers of Tecumseh

Tenskwatawa was one of a set of triplets born a few years after Tecumseh. One triplet, Sauwaseekau, was killed at the Battle of Fallen Timbers; the second, Kumskaukau, may have died young, for there are no records of his life; and the third, who would eventually be known as Tenskwatawa, was a fussy baby who was given the name Lalawethika – He Makes a Loud Noise

Later in life, he would be known as the Shawnee Profit.

Brothers Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa (The Shawnee Profit)

Tenskwatawa was one of a set of triplets born a few years after Tecumseh. One triplet, Sauwaseekau, was killed at the Battle of Fallen Timbers; the second, Kumskaukau, may have died young, for there are no records of his life; and the third, who would eventually be known as Tenskwatawa, was a fussy baby who was given the name Lalawethika – He Makes a Loud Noise.

The Shawnee profit: Tenskwatawa

Once named Lalawthicka which means “He who makes a loud noise” due to his habit of bragging about himself, thiis man was given the new name of Tenskwatawa which means “The Open Door” after having a vision of heaven. He later became known as the Shawnee Prophet.

Tenskwatawa: The Open Door / Shawnee Prophet

Tenskwatawa, the Shawnee Profit

Tenskwatawa, the brother of Tecumseh, was best known as a powerful medicine man known as the Shawnee Prophet. Once named Lalawthicka which means “He who makes a loud noise” due to his habit of bragging about himself, this man was given the new name of Tenskwatawa which means “The Open Door” after having a vision of heaven.

Shawnee marriage customs

American Indian Baskets I

The marriage dance was held in late evening, while onlookers took seats on the ground in a broad oval before a fire that had been built in the principal clearing of the village.

What is the meaning of the word kemosabe or Kemo Sabe?

“Kemosabe,” also spelled “Kemo Sabe” or “Kemo Sabhay”…
What is the meaning of this expression that became such a memorable part of the Lone Ranger series?

Who was that masked man?

Who was that masked man?…

Kemosabe,” the name given to the Lone Ranger by his friend Tonto in the 1950s TV western, is not a racist term, a Canadian court has found.

The ruling was delivered by the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal last week in a case involving a native Canadian woman who complained that the manager of the store where she worked had created a poisoned environment by calling her Kemosabe.

Are the Pequots really a tribe?

On the day of the opening of the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C., I attended a press conference of the National Indian Gaming Association. From my seat at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C., I … Continue reading

It was only 80 years ago that Indians won the right to vote

When Paul Martin got the vote, he didn’t want to miss his chance. It was 1924, and Martin – like most other American Indians – had just been made a citizen. On Election Day, he headed for the polls. It was … Continue reading

Valarian Root Indian Powder

Valerian Root Indian Powder (Valeriana wallichii) 1 lb: C

Valarian Root Indian Powder… KEYWORDS: valarian root indian powder indian herb herbs used by Indians infusion decoction extract tincture remedy for sleeping disorders natural remedy for nervous conditions

Valarian is used as an infusion, decoction, extract and tincture. The 1997 Commission E on Phytotherapy and Herbal Substances of the German Federal Institute for Drugs recommends Valerian root for ‘Restlessness, sleeping disorders based on nervous conditions.’