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us tribes starting with C Index




Indian tribes are unique legal entities in the United States and are distinct political communities with extensive powers of self-government. Tribal sovereignty predates the U.S. government. Treaties, federal statutes and executive agreements over the past 200 years have established a special trust relationship between tribes and the federal government. The federal Bureau of Indian Affairs (B.I.A.) has been designated by the Secretary of the Interior as the primary agency to protect tribal interests and administer trust responsibilities.

Inclusion on this site does NOT mean an endorsement has been made for recognition of any particular tribe. All entities claiming to be US indian tribes that we are aware of have been included for completeness. Where known, we have indicated official tribal status with our Key Chart. In many cases we have not verified the validity of the claim of tribal status, and leave it to your own common sense or further research to validate tribal claims.

Alternate names in parenthesis are either older names that were once used to identify that tribe, or they are misspellings.

US TRIBES FROM A to Z

Click on a letter of the alphabet to go to US Tribes starting with that letter. Where known, the official name is used. Linked tribal names go to their profile page which will contain more links to sections of our site where you can find articles about that tribe and related tribes.

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

KEY:
(F)= Federally Recognized, (S)= State Recognized, (T)= Terminated,
(U)= Unrecognized, (M)= Mesoamerican Civilizations,(P)= Petitioning for Recognition,
(C)= Canadian Tribes, (E)= Extinct, (IRA)= Indian Reorganization Act

United States Indian tribes starting with C

    Alaskan Tribes and Villages:

  • Cantwell Village
  • Central Council Tlingit and Haida Tribes
  • Chalkyitsik Village
  • Chefornak Village
  • Chenega Village (IRA)
  • Chevak Native Village
  • Chickaloon Native Village
  • Chignik Bay Village
  • Chignik Lagoon Village
  • Chignik Lake Village
  • Chilkat Indian Village (Klukwan)(IRA)
  • Chilkoot Indian Tribe (Haines)(IRA)
  • Chinik Eskimo Community (Aka Golovin)
  • Chistochina Village
  • China Traditional Village
  • Chuathbaluk Village
  • Chuloonawick Native Village
  • Circle Village Council
  • Clarks Point Village
  • Council Village
  • Craig Community Assn (IRA)
  • Crooked Creek Village
  • Carrier
  • Copper River Athabaskan
  • Cabazon:

  • Cabazon Band of Mission Indians
  • Caddo: (Caddoe)

  • Caddo Nation of Oklahoma (F) (formerly the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma)
  • Cahto:

  • Cahto Indian Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria (California) (F)

    Cahuilla: (Also see Mission Indians)

  • Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation (California) (F)
  • Augustine Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Augustine Reservation (California) (F)
  • Cabazon Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Cabazon Reservation (California)(F)
  • Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians of the Cahuilla Reservation (California) (F)
  • Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation (California) (F)
  • Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Morongo Reservation (California) (F)
  • Ramona Band or Village of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California (F)
  • Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Santa Rosa Reservation (California) (F)
  • Torres-Martinez Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California (F)

    Catawba:

  • Catawba Indian Nation (South Carolina) (F) (a.k.a. Catawba Tribe of South Carolina)

    Cayuga:

  • Cayuga Nation of New York (F)(New York)
  • Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma (F)

    Chehalis:

  • Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis (Washington) (F)

    Chemehuevi:

  • Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation (California) (F)
  • Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation (Mohave, Chemehuevi, Hopi and Navajo) (Arizona) and California) (F)

    Cher-Ae Heights:

  • Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria (California)(F)

    Cherokee Nations:

  • American Cherokee Bear Band of Louisiana (Louisiana)
  • Amonsoquath Tribe of Cherokee (Missouri)
  • Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma
  • (Oklahoma) (F)
  • Cherokee Tribe of Northeast Alabama (S)(Alabama)
  • Cherokees of Southeast Alabama (S) (Alabama)
  • Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina (F)
  • Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama (S)
  • Northern Cherokee Nation of Missouri and Arkansas
  • Southern Cherokee Nation (North Carolina)
  • Tallige Cherokee Nation (Ohio)
  • United Cherokee Ani-Yun-Wiya Nation (S)
  • United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma (F)
    (formerly the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma)
  • Western Cherokee Nation of Arkansas and Missouri

    Cheyenne (Cheyanne)

  • Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribe
  • (F) (Oklahoma)
  • Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Montana) (F)

    Chickahominy:

  • Chickahominy (Virginia) (S)
  • Eastern Chickahominy (Virginia) (S)

    Chickasaw: (Chickisaw, Chikasha, Five Civilized Tribes)

  • Chickasaw Nation of Oklahoma (F)

    Chippewa: (Chipewyan, Chipewyin, Chippewyin, Chipewa)

  • Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation (Wisconsin) (F)
  • Bay Mills Indian Community (Michigan) (F) (formerly Bay Mills Indian Community of the Sault Ste. Marie Band of Chippewa Indians, Bay Mills Reservation, Michigan)
  • Burt Lake Band of Chippewa Indians (Michigan) (S)
  • Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation (Montana) (F)
  • Fond du Lac Band of Chippewa Indians (Minnesota)
  • Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians (Michigan)(F) (formerly the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa & Chippewa Indians of Michigan)
  • Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (Michigan) (F)(formerly the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community of L'Anse and Ontonagon Bands of Chippewa Indians of the L'Anse Reservation)
  • Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (Wisconsin)(F)
  • Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (Wisconsin) (F)
  • Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians (Michigan) (F) (formerly the Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Michigan)
  • Leech Lake Ojibwe Indian Reservation (Minnesota)
  • Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (F)
  • Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians (Minnesota) (F)
  • Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians (Minnesota) (F)
    (formerly the Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians of the Red Lake Reservation)
  • Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan (F) (formerly the Saginaw Chippewa Tribe of Michigan, Isabella Reservation)
  • Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan (F)
  • Sokaogon Chippewa Community (Wisconsin) (F) (formerly the Sokaogon Chippewa Community of the Mole Lake Band of Chippewa Indians)
  • St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin (F) (formerly the St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin, St.Croix Reservation)
  • Swan Creek Black River Confederated Ojibwa Tribes (Michigan) (S)
  • Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota (F)
  • White Earth Band of Chippewa (Minnesota) (F)

    Chitimacha: (Chitamacha)

  • Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana (F)

    Choctaw: (Five Civilized Tribes)

  • Choctaw-Apache of Ebarb (Louisiana) (S)
  • Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma (Five Civilized Tribes)(F)
  • Clifton Choctaw (Louisiana) (S)
  • Jena Band of Choctaw Indians (Louisiana) (F)
  • Louisiana Choctaw (S)
  • Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians (Mississippi) (F)
  • Mowa Band of Choctaw Indians (Alabama) (S)
  • Okla Chahta Clan of California

    Chuckchansi:

  • Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California (F)

    Chumash:

  • Chumash Indians of Southern California
  • Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation (California) (F)

    Cocopah: (Cocopa, Cocopá)

  • Cocopah Tribe of (Arizona) (F)

    Coharie:

  • Coharie (North Carolina) (S)

    Colville:

  • Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (a.k.a. Colville Tribe) (Washington) (F)
  • Comanche:

  • Comanche Nation (Oklahoma)(F) (formerly the Comanche Indian Tribe)

    Confederated Tribes:

  • Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation(Montana) (F)
  • Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation(Washington) (F)
  • Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Washington) (F)
  • Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua & Siuslaw (a.k.a. Confederated Tribes of Coos Bay, Coos, Coosan) (Oregon) (F)
  • Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation (Nevada and Utah) (F)
  • Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon (F)
  • Confederated Tribes of the Siletz (Oregon) (F)
  • Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (Oregon) (F)
  • Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs (Oregon) (F)
  • Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation (formerly the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Indian Nation of the Yakama Reservation) (also known as Yakima Tribe) (F)

    Coos:

  • Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua & Siuslaw (Oregon) (F)

    Coquille:

  • Coquille Tribe of Oregon (F)

    Couer d’Alene:

  • Coeur D'Alene Tribe of the Coeur D'Alene Reservation (Idaho) (F)

    Coushatta:

  • Alabama-Coushatta Tribe (Texas) (F)
  • Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana (F)

    Cowlitz:

  • Cowlitz Indian Tribe (Washington)(F)

    Cree:

  • Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation (Montana) (F)
  • Coastal Cree
  • Creek: Five Civilized Tribes

  • Kialegee Tribal Town (Oklahoma) (F)
  • Machis Lower Creek Indian Tribe (Alabama) (S)
  • Muscogee (Creek) Nation (Oklahoma)(F)
  • Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama (F)(S)
  • Star Clan of Muscogee Creeks (Alabama) (S)

    Crow: (Apsalooka,Apsaalooka, Apsaaloke)

  • Crow Tribe of Montana (F)
----
  • California Valley Miwok Tribe
  • Cachil Dehe Band of Wintun Indians
  • Campo Band of Mission Indians
  • Cedarville Rancheria of Northern Paiute Indians
  • Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe
  • Chicken Ranch Band of Me-Wuk Indians
  • Citizen Band Potawatomi Nation
  • Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians
  • Coast Indian Tribe
  • Cochiti Pueblo
  • Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians
  • Cortina Band of Wintun Indians
  • Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians
  • Coyote Valley Tribe
  • Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation (South Dakota)(F)
  • Cuyapaipe Band of Mission Indians
  • Cabanapo
  • Cahita
  • Calapooya (Calapuya, Calapooia)
  • Carolina Algonquian
  • Carquin
  • Caska
  • Cathlamet
  • Catlotlq
  • Cayuse
  • Celilo
  • Central Pomo
  • Chahta
  • Chalaque
  • Chawchila (Chawchilla)
  • Cheraw
  • Cheroenhaka
  • Chickamaugan
  • Chilcotin
  • Chilula-Wilkut
  • Chimariko
  • Chinook
  • Chinook Jargon
  • Chocheno
  • Cholon
  • Chontal de Oaxaca
  • Chontal de Tabasco (Chontal Maya)
  • Choynimni (Choinimni)
  • Chukchansi
  • Clackamas (Clackama)
  • Clallam
  • Clatskanie (Clatskanai, Clackstar)
  • Clatsop
  • Cmique
  • Cochimi
  • Cochiti
  • Cofan
  • Columbia (Columbian)
  • Comcaac
  • Comox
  • Conestoga
  • Cora (Corapan)
  • Coso
  • Costanoan
  • Cowichan
  • Croatan (Croatoan)
  • Cruzeño
  • Cucupa (Cucupá
  • Cucapá)
  • Cupeno (Cupeño, Cupa)

  • ----

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