The Yakama Nation is an indigenous tribe of the Pacific Northwest who live in Washington State. Here is a brief timeline of their history with Europeans from the 1750s to the present.
1750's: The Yakama acquire the horse and their lifestyle changed as they were able to travel to the Great Plains to hunt buffalo.
1805: Contact was made between the Yakama tribe and the Lewis and Clark expedition in October 1805 near the confluence of the Yakima and Columbia rivers
1812: A trading post known as Spokane House was built near the confluence of Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers
1825: The Hudson’s Bay Company established Fort Vancouver as a trading post
1836: Henry Marcus Whitman founded a Presbyterian mission at Waiilatpu and made contact with the tribe
1840's: Lieutenant Charles Wilkes, was sent by U.S. government to explore the Pacific Coast.
1843: The first major migration along the Oregon Trail took place which eventually led to violent conflicts with the white settlers who traveled in wagon trains along the Oregon trail
1845: The white settlers brought various diseases to the Native Indians who lived in the surrounding areas of the Oregon Trail
1847: Many of the Yakama tribe are wiped out by a devastating series of measles and smallpox epidemics
1847: The Whitman Massacre led to the outbreak of the Cayuse War
1847: The Yakama tribe fought with their Native Indian allies in the Cayuse War (1847-1855)
1855: Isaac Stevens (March 25, 1818 – September 1, 1862) , governor of Washington Territory, negotiated a treaty with the Yakama.
1855: The Yakima treaty was signed on 9 July 1855
1855: Governor Stevens opened Native Indian lands for white settlers less than two weeks after the treaty was signed. Yakama chief, Chief Kamiakin, called upon the tribes to oppose the declaration.
1855: The Yakima War (1855-1858) erupted
1855: The Battle of Toppenish Creek in Yakima Valley was fought on October 5, 1855 and was a major victory for Chief Kamiakin and the Yakama tribe
1855: The Battle at Union Gap was fought on November 9 and 10, 1855.
1857: The Fraser Canyon gold Rush
1858: The Yakima War escalated to the other Native Indian tribes
1858: The Battle of Four Lakes on September 1, 1858 saw the end of the Yakima War
1858: The events at "Horse Slaughter Camp" concluded the Coeur d'Alene and Yakima Wars.
1859: The treaty was broken, the US gave only half of what was promised to the Yakama people
1860: The first government school for Native American Indians was established on the Yakima Reservation, Washington Territory
1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1933: The Yakama tribe was organized as the Confederated Tribes of the Yakama Nation.
1994: the Yakima Nation adopted the spelling of its name as "Yakama," which they feel is the more correct historical spelling of their name.