Choctaw Indian Tribe
Tribal Origin: Muskhogean Family
Native Name: Chahta - The name of a legendary chief.
Home Territories: Alabama, Luisianna, Mississippi and eventually Oklahoma
Alliances: Sided with the Americans during Revolutionary War. Sided with the Confederacy during the United States Civil War
The Choctaw occupied the Mississippi Valley and parts of Alabama. They were farmers who lived in a matriarchal society.
A peaceful people, the Choctaw saw economic opportunities and sold goods and livestock to the Europeans who ventured into their territory.
Between 1801 and 1830, the Choctaw made a series of treaties with the U.S. government, ceding 23 million acres of land. They were forced to relocate to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) in 1832. Once on the reservation, the Choctaw adapted to white culture through interaction with missionaries.
Choctaw soldiers were code-talkers in WWI. The Germans could not understand their language.