Region:


West central Quebec, east coast of lower Hudson Bay and James Bay, communities of Whapmagoostui, Chisasibi, Wemindji, and most people in Eastmain.

Alternate names:


Northern James Bay Cree, Northern Eastern James Bay Cree

Dialects:


Palatalized y-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect cluster. Sometimes classified as Montagnais.

Classification:

Algic -> Algonquian -> Central -> Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi ->East Cree, Northern

Population:


5,308 (1997 Quebec Ministere de la Sante et des Services Sociaux).

Language use:

Vigorous. All domains. Language of instruction in lower grades, taught as a subject in upper grades. Speakers also use English.

Language development:


Literacy rate in first language: 20% to 25%. Literacy rate in second language: 50%. Taught in primary schools. Cree syllabary, eastern finals. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1921.