West central Quebec, east coast of lower Hudson Bay and James Bay, communities of Whapmagoostui, Chisasibi, Wemindji, and most people in Eastmain.
Northern James Bay Cree, Northern Eastern James Bay Cree
Palatalized y-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect cluster. Sometimes classified as Montagnais.
Classification:Algic -> Algonquian -> Central -> Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi ->East Cree, Northern
5,308 (1997 Quebec Ministere de la Sante et des Services Sociaux).
Language use:Vigorous. All domains. Language of instruction in lower grades, taught as a subject in upper grades. Speakers also use English.
Literacy rate in first language: 20% to 25%. Literacy rate in second language: 50%. Taught in primary schools. Cree syllabary, eastern finals. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1921.