The Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony is a federally recognized tribe of Northern Paiute and Western Shoshone Indians in Churchill County, Nevada.
Official Tribal Name:
Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and ColonyAddress:
Fax: (775) 423-5202
Official Website: http://www.fpst.org/
Traditional Name / Traditional Meaning:
Toi Ticutta, literally translates to “cattail eaters.”
Meaning of Common Name:
Other Paiute and Shoshone bands called this band of Paiute the Toi Ticutta meaning "Cattail Eaters."
Name in other languages:
The ancestors of Fallon’s Paiute-Shoshone Tribe lived around the Stillwater Marshes and Carson Sink area for thousands of years before white settlers entered the region. Twelve miles east of town via U.S. Highway 50, Grimes Point Archaeological Area is home to petroglyphs left by the region’s ancient inhabitants up to 9,000 years ago. Nearby Hidden Cave was used by these people as a storage area as far back as 9,000 years as well. Relics from the cave, as well as other Paiute and Shoshone artifacts such as cradleboards and arrowheads, are on display at Fallon’s Churchill County Museum.
13 August, 1917 - 40 acres by Departmental order
14 March, 1958 - 20 acres by Legistlation
Closer in to the city of Fallon is the smaller and geographically detached Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Colony, which has two separate sections that lie between downtown Fallon and Fallon Municipal Airport, northeast of the city.
20 April, 1907 - 4,680 acres allotted by Authority of the Act, 30 April, 1908 (35 Stat. 85)
21 November, 1917 - 840 acres set aside.
08 April, 1978 - Public Law 95-337 (92 Stat. 455) set aside 2,640 acres
The Colony is two miles northeast of Fallon, the Reservation is twelve miles east by Staet Route 116, of Fallon, Chrchill County, Nevada.
Colony - 69 acres of Tribal Land
Reservation - 3,480 acres of Tribal Land, 4, 640 acres of allotted land
Population at Contact:
Registered Population Today:
In 1992, 900 people were enrolled in the tribe.
Tribal Enrollment Requirements:
Charter: Organized under the Constitution and By-Laws of the Paiute-Shoshone Tribe approved 12 June, 1964
Name of Governing Body: Fallon Business Council
Number of Council members: 4 plus 3 executive officers
Dates of Constitutional amendments: Amended 13 August, 1971. (Non-IRA)
Number of Executive Officers: Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson, Secretary
Western Nevada Agency
Carson City, Nevada 89706
Number of fluent Speakers:
Bands, Gens, and Clans
Death Valley Timbisha Shoshone | Duck Valley Paiute | Pyramid Lake Paiute | Fort Independence Paiute | Ft. McDermitt Paiute-Shoshone Tribe | Goshute Confederated Tribes | Kaibab Band of Paiute | Las Vegas Paiute Tribe | Lovelock Paiute Tribe | Moapa River Reservation | Reno/Sparks Indian Colony | Summit Lake Paiute Tribe | Winnemucca Colony | Walker River Paiute Tribe | Yerington Paiute Tribe
Ceremonies / Dances:
Modern Day Events & Tourism:
Legends / Oral Stories:
Art & Crafts:
The Paiute and Shoshone Indians were hunter gatherers. The Toi Ticutta acquired their name because of the large role cattails played in their diets, most notably the roots, which were ground into flour and used to make sweet cakes.
Religion & Spiritual Beliefs:
Education and Media:
Newspapers: Numa News is the tribe's monthly newspaper.
Other Famous Contemporary People:
In the News: