Indian languages in the United State American Indian Language statistics speakers of american indian languages how many indigenous languages spoken in the US by number of speakers



The following tables list 154 indigenous American languages which are still spoken in the United States, the number of speakers, and where the speakers are located. Table 1 arranges the languages alphabetically, while Table 2 arranges them according to number of speakers.

Table 2: Indigenous Languages Spoken in the United States (by
Number of Speakers)










































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Speakers[2] Language Location
148,530   Navajo Arizona; Utah; New
Mexico; Utah
35,000   Ojibwa, Western Montana; Lake
Superior; North Dakota [3]
20,355   Dakota Nebraska; Minnesota;
North Dakota; South Dakota; Montana [3]
17,890   Choctaw Oklahoma
12,693   Apache, Western Arizona
11,905   Cherokee Oklahoma; North
Carolina
11,819   Papago-Pima Arizona [7]
10,000   Yupik, Central Alaska
8,000   Ojibwa, Eastern Michigan [3]
6,413   Zuni New Mexico
6,213   Muskogee Oklahoma; Alabama;
Florida
6,000   Lakota Nebraska; Minnesota;
North Dakota; South Dakota; Montana
5,264   Hopi Arizona; Utah; New
Mexico
4,580   Keres, Eastern New Mexico
4,280   Crow Montana
4,000   Inuktitut, Northwest
Alaska
Alaska
3,500   Inuktitut, North
Alaskan
Alaska
3,390   Keres, Western New Mexico
3,000   Yakima Washington
2,284   Shoshoni Nevada; Idaho;
Wyoming
2,100   Micmac Boston; New York City
[5]
2,000   Paiute, Northern Nevada; Oregon;
California; Idaho
1,984   Ute-Southern Paiute Colorado; Utah;
Arizona; Nevada; California
1,800   Apache,
Mescalero-Chiricahua
New Mexico
1,721   Cheyenne Montana
1,631   Tiwa, Southern New Mexico
1,301   Jemez New Mexico
1,300   Tewa New Mexico; Arizona
1,100   Yupik, Central
Siberian
Alaska [8]
1,092   Kiowa Oklahoma
1,070   Cree, Western Montana [5]
1,062   Blackfoot Montana [5]
1,038   Arapaho Wyoming; Oklahoma
1,007   Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai Arizona
1,000   Chickasaw Oklahoma
1,000   Hawaiian Hawaii
927   Tiwa, Northern New Mexico
887   Malecite-Passamaquoddy Maine [5]
854   Comanche Oklahoma
812   Apache, Jicarilla New Mexico
800   Mesquakie Iowa; Oklahoma;
Kansas; Nebraska
775   Tlingit Alaska
697   Nez Perce Idaho
600   Koasati Louisiana; Texas
539   Kikapoo Kansas; Oklahoma;
Texas [7]
496   Mikasuki Florida
406   Yaqui Arizona [6]
400   Yupik, Pacific Gulf Alaska
365   Gwich'in Alaska
343   Quechan California
321   Cocopa Arizona [6]
300   Koyukon Alaska
256   Alabama Texas
250   Hocak/Winnebago Nebraska
234   Mohave Arizona
234   Shawnee Oklahoma
200   Kalispel-Pend
Dóreille
Montana
200   Seneca New York; Oklahoma
200   Tenino Oregon
181   Maricopa Arizona
150   Assiniboine Montana [3]
141   Caddo Oklahoma
138   Haida Alaska
126   Karok California
115   Tanana, Upper Alaska
113   Tsimshian Alaska [5]
112   Okangan Washington
107   Salish, Southern
Puget Sound
Washington
102   Kutenai Idaho; Montana [5]
100   Hidatsa North Dakota
100   Skagit Washington
100   Walla Walla Oregon
97   Kumiai California [6]
90   Aleut Alaska
90   Arikara North Dakota
88   Klamath-Modoc Oregon
85   Omaha-Ponca Nebraska; Oklahoma
78   Yokuts California
75   Tanaina Alaska
69   Wasco-Wishram Oregon; Washington
65   Tanacross Alaska
60   Lushootseed Washington
50   Kashaya California
50   Oneida New York; Wisconsin
50   Potawatomi Michigan; Wisconsin;
Kansas; Oklahoma
50   Spokane Washington
50   Umatilla Oregon
43   Luiseno California
40   Coeur D'Alene Idaho
40   Degexit'an Alaska
40   Kuskokwim, Upper Alaska
40   Pomo, Central California
40   Pomo, Southern California
39   Columbia-Wenatchi Washington
39   Menomini Wisconsin
35   Cahuilla California
34   Quapaw Oklahoma
30   Salish, Straits Washington [3]
30   Tanana, Lower Alaska
21   Ahtena Alaska
20   Abnaki-Penobscot Maine [3]
20   Mono California
20   Panamint California
19   Kansa Oklahoma
18   Apache, Kiowa Oklahoma
17   Chinook Wawa Oregon
15   Onondaga New York
12   Holikachuk Alaska
12   Nisenan California
12   Shasta California
12   Yuchi Oklahoma
10   Achumawi California
10   Apache, Lipan New Mexico
10   Gros Ventre Montana
10   Kato California
10   Kawaiisu California
10   Maidu, Northwest California
*10   Makah Washington
10   Miwok, Northern
Sierra
California
10   Miwok, Southern
Sierra
California
10   Pomo, Southeastern California
10   Snohomish Washington
10   Tututni Oregon
10   Washo California; Nevada
10   Wichita Oklahoma
10   Wintu California
10   Yurok California
9   Cupeno California
8   Hupa California
8   Miwok, Lake California
7   Han Alaska
6   Mandan North Dakota
6   Quinault Washington
6   Tubatulabal California
6   Yuki California
5   Chehalis, Lower Washington
5   Chetco Oregon
5   Clallam Washington
5   Miwok, Central Sierra California
5   Osage Oklahoma
5   Tolowa Oregon
5   Unami Oklahoma; New Jersey;
Delaware
4   Atsugewi California
4   Pawnee Oklahoma
2   Chehalis, Upper Washington
2   Cowlitz Washington
1   Coos Oregon
1   Eyak Alaska
1   Kalapuya Oregon
1   Miwok, Coast California
1   Miwok, Plains California
1   Pomo, Northeastern California
1   Serrano California
361,978   TOTAL  

Source: Adapted from B. Grimes (1996). Ethnologue: Languages of the
world
. Dallas: SIL International. Updated February 1999 at
www.sil.org/ethnologue.


Table 1: Arranged by Language


 


NOTES


1. Hinton (1998) suggests that one reason for these different estimates is
varying interpretations of language differentiation -- some languages may be considered
either distinct languages or simply dialects.


2. These figures are estimates only. Some sources may report dialects or
second-language speakers, or number of speakers in neighboring countries.


3. This figure includes speakers in Canada.


4. Additional speakers of this language are in Russia


5. Additional speakers of this language are in Canada.


6. Additional speakers of this language are in Mexico.


7. This figure includes speakers in Mexico.


8. Additional speakers of this language are in Siberia.


 


REFERENCES


Crystal, D. (1987). The Cambridge encyclopedia of language. New York:
Cambridge University Press.


Crawford, J. (1999). Bilingual education: History, politics, theory and
practice
. (4th ed.) Los Angeles: Bilingual Educational Services.


Grimes, B. (Ed.). (1996). Ethnologue: Languages of the world. (13th ed.)
Dallas: SIL, International. Online updates available at
http://www.sil.org/ethnologue/


Hinton, L. (1998). Language loss and revitalization in California: Overview. International
Journal of the Sociology of Language, 132
, 83-93.


Krauss, M. (1998). The condition of Native North American languages: The need for
realistic assessment and action. International Journal of the Sociology of Language,
132
, 9-21.