- Ottawa Indians: The Restoration Era (1889 - 1994)
- Ottawa Indians: Dispossession and Dissolution Era (1870-1890)
- Ottawa Indians: The 1855 -1870 Reservation Era
- Ottawa Indians: The 1836 Manistee Reservation Era (1821-1836)
- How Red Jacket Got His Name
- Speech by Farmer's Brother at Genesse River, November 21, 1798
Georgia Indian Tribes
Extensive categorization and cross-reference of all North American native american indian tribes of the US and Canada First Nations, by nations, bands, rancheria, pueblo, federally recognized, state recognized, unrecognized, petitions for recognition, by state or providence, and by language group and region of original occupation. You can also find a listing of official tribal web sites on the Internet.
FEDERALLY RECOGNIZED TRIBES
Federal list last updated 3/07
STATE RECOGNIZED TRIBES
(Not recognized by the Federal Governemnt)
- Cherokee Indians of Georgia, Inc. Letter of Intent to Petition 08/08/1977
- Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokees, Inc. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/09/1979; last submission February 2002; ready for Acknowledge review. (There is also an unrecognized tribe that has the same name as this State-recognized tribe: Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokees, Inc. (II).
- Lower Muskogee Creek Tribe East of the Mississippi, Inc. Letter of Intent to Petition 02/02/1972; Declined to Acknowledge 12/21/1981 (46 FR 51652).Denied federal recognition
UNRECOGNIZED / PETITIONING TRIBES
- American Cherokee Confederacy
- Cane Break Band of Eastern Cherokees. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/09/1979; rejoined Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokees, Inc. (I), notification 7/16/1997
- Chickamauga Cherokee Band of Northwest Georgia
- Georgia Band of Chickasaw Indians (formerly Mississippi Band of Chickasaw Indians). Letter of Intent to Petition 9/15/1998.
- Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokees, Inc. (II). (This is an unrecognized tribe that has the same name as a State-recognized tribe: Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokees, Inc. (I).)
- South-Eastern Indian Nation. Incomplete Letter of Intent to Petition 01/05/1996; Incomplete Letter of Intent withdrawn at petitioner’s request 11/10/1997.
- Southeastern Cherokee Confederacy, Inc. Letter of Intent to Petition 03/09/1978; Declined to Acknowledge 11/25/1985 (50 FR 39047). Became the American Cherokee Confederacy on 1/31/1996, with a breakaway group Southeastern Cherokee Council forming on the same day.
- Southeastern Cherokee Council.
- Tama Indian Tribe
- The Yamassee Native American Moors of the Creek Nation. Letter of Intent to Petition 4/27/1999.
FIRST CONTACT TO PRESENTNative American tribes had established cultures throughout the Georgia region before European contact. The Creek Indians lived in the south and the Cherokee occupied the northern part of the state when Hernando de Soto, the Spanish explorer, first traveled parts of Georgia in 1540. By 1566, forts were built along the Atlantic coast, including the first in Georgia on St. Catherine's Island. However, no permanent European settlements were established until much later.
PRE-CONTACT GEORGIA TRIBES
PRE-HISTORIC CULTURES IN GEORGIA
- 1000 AD - 1550 AD - Moundbuilders occupied this area until the first European settlers arrived.