The Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe is a federally recognized tribe of Northern Paiute and Western Shoshone peoples, located in McDermitt, Nevada and Oregon.
Official Tribal Name: Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation
Address: P.O. Box 457, McDermitt, Nevada 89421
Phone: (702) 532-8259
Fax: (702) 532-8263
Recognition Status: Federally Recognized
Traditional Name / Traditional Meaning
Meaning of Common Name:
Alternate spellings / Misspellings:
Name in other languages:
Region: Great Basin
Four miles southeast of McDermitt, Humboldt County, Nevada. A major portion of the reservation is located in Malheur County, Oregon.
The Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, near the town of McDermitt on the Nevada-Oregon border and along a section of the Quinn River, is among the state’s oldest government-sanctioned sites of Native American relocation.
Originally established as a military outpost and adjacent Paiute and Shoshone camp in 1865, the tract became an official reservation in 1889. The outpost was frequented by Sarah and Chief Winnemucca and others from their family in the late 1800s; Sarah even lived there on several occasions.
Every June, the reservation and nearby town of McDermitt host the annual Indian Rodeo.
17 January, 1936 - By act of Congress (49 Stat. 1094) 20, 414.46 acres were set aside by Authority of the Indian Reorganization Act (48 Stat. 984)
16 November, 1936 - 1,554.35 acres
09 November, 1940 - 3,542.40
18 July, 1941 - 1,240 acres
24 February, 1943 - 3,919.37 acres
16 June, 1944 - 449.92 acres
03 February, 1956 - 160 acres Tribal fee purchase
20 April, 1949 - relinquished allotments approved
09 May, 1957 - relinquished allotments approved
16 May, 1957 - 3,900.10 acres of relinquished allotments added to Tribal land
04 April, 1960 - added 160 acres
16 November, 1973 - 2.63 acres were added
16,354.52 acres of Tribal Land - Nevada
145 acres of allotted land - Nevada
160 acres of Tribal fee land - Nevada
18,828.79 acres of Tribal land - Oregon
Tribal Headquarters: McDermitt, Nevada
Population at Contact:
Registered Population Today:
Tribal Enrollment Requirements:
Charter: Organized under the Indian Reorganization Act of 18 June 1934 (48 Stat. 984) as amended. Constitution and By-Laws of the Fort McDermitt Paiute & Shoshone Tribe approved 02 July, 1936.
Name of Governing Body:
Number of Council members:
Dates of Constitutional amendments:
Number of Executive Officers:
Western Nevada Agency
Carson City, Nevada 89706
Number of fluent Speakers:
Bands, Gens, and Clans
Death Valley Timbisha Shoshone |
Duck Valley Paiute | Pyramid Lake Paiute | Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe | Fort Independence Paiute | Goshute Confederated Tribes | Kaibab Band of Paiute | Las Vegas Paiute Tribe | Lovelock Paiute Tribe | Moapa River Reservation | Reno/Sparks Indian Colony | Summit Lake Paiute Tribe | Winnemucca Colony | Walker River Paiute Tribe | Yerington Paiute Tribe
Ceremonies / Dances:
Modern Day Events & Tourism:
Legends / Oral Stories:
Art & Crafts:
The Shoshone and Paiute were hunter-gatherers who hunted small game like rabbits and squirrels, and some larger game such as deer and antelope. They gathered seeds, roots, and berries from nearly 100 plant species. Approximately 70% of their food supply came from plants. The most important of these was the Pine Nut harvest.
The median income for Humboldt County is nearly ten percent higher than the national average, but the average in the McDermitt area sits at an abysmal fifty percent of the national average. The Fort McDermitt area is dominated by mining, ranching, and farming, although these industries have provided only sporadic employment to tribal members. The area's population has been in decline due to lack of employment opportunities. However, the discovery of a rare mineral used to make semiconductors, gallium, may prove profitable in the future.
Religion & Spiritual Beliefs:
Education and Media:
Paiute People of Note:
Sarah Winnemucca - A Northern Paiute activist, worked as interpreter, scout and hospital matron at Fort McDermit from 1868 to 1873.
Chief Winnemucca, also known as Old Winnemucca - Sarah's father and a war leader.
In the News: