Muscogee (Creek) Tribes
Tribal Origin: Muskhogean Family
Native Name: Mvskoke, from the Muscogee branch of the Muskhogean Family
Home Territories: Alabama, Florida, Georgia and eventually Oklahoma
Languages: Muscogee, Hittite, Koasati, Yuchi, Natchez and Shawnee
Alliances: Some sided with the Americans, while others with the British during Revolutionary War. Sided with the North during the United States Civil War
Living in Georgia and Alabama, the Creek were a dominant tribe of the southeast. Their homes consisted of huts shingled with wood or grass built around a plaza that held a rotunda used for dancing, religious ceremonies, and games.
Rooted firmly in their communities, the Creek had vast farms and raised livestock.
The Creek first encountered Europeans when the Spanish established missions in their area. During the colonial era, they were allies of the British against the Spanish. The Creeks went to war with the U.S. in the early 1800s and fought bitterly for their land. When the Creek War of 1814 ended, the U.S. government forced the tribe to relocate to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) and seized Creek land as their own.