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Mescalero Apache Fact Sheet

The Apache Indians are divided into six sub tribes. The Mescalero Apache are one of these Apache tribes. In this section, you will find articles about the Mescalero Apache people, their history, and culture.

Official Tribal Name:

Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation

Federally recognized indian tribe.
Official Website:  

Common Name: Mescalero Apache

Traditional Name:


Meaning of Traditional Name:


Alternate names:

Faraones (also Paraonez, Pharaones, Taraones, Taracones, Apaches Faraone) is derived from Spanish Faraón meaning"Pharaoh". Before 1700, the name was vague without a specific reference. Between 1720-1726, it referred to Apaches between the Rio Grande in the east, the Pecos River in the west, the area around Santa Fe in the north, and the Conchos River in the south. After 1726, Faraones only referred to the north and central parts of this region. The Faraones probably were, at least in part, part of the modern-day Mescaleros or had merged with the Mescaleros. After 1814, the term Faraones disappeared having been replaced by Mescalero.

Alternate spellings:


Name in other languages:

Registered Population:



Southwest, Plains


New Mexico, western Texas, Chihuahua, Mexico

Bands / Population at Contact:  

Language Classification:


Language Dialects:


Number of fluent Speakers:


Tribal Enrollment Requirements:


Tribal Flag:


Tribal Emblem:


Related Tribes:

The Mescalero Apache are one of the six sub-tribes of the Apache tribe. The others are the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipans, Plains Apache, and Western Apache. The seventh Apachean group, the Navajo, are now considered as a separate tribe.



Traditional Territory:


Original Reservation:


Current Reservations:

Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico

Traditional Allies:


Traditional Enemies:


Bands / Clans:




Historical Social Structure:


Burial / Funeral Customs:


Marriage/Wedding Customs:


Creation Beliefs / Religion:


Religion Today


Historical Clothing:


Historical Dwellings:


Historical Foods / Wildcrafting:


Subsistence / Industry Today:


Sacred Places:


Ceremonies / Dances:




Historical Weapons and Tools:


Historical Political Organization


Government Today:


Famous Contemporary People:

Historical Leaders:

Famous Mescalero Apache chiefs included Chief Tall Bearded Iris, San Juan , José Cito, Intschu-tschuna, Winnetou, Nicholas, Victorio, and Nautzile (a.k.a. Cow, Noel Morehead, Naut'zilli and John Smith).

Catastrophic Events:







In the News:


Further Reading:


Additional Resources:

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Apache Tribes Profiles
Apache Reservations
Apache Official Websites



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