Jicarilla Apache Indians
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     N'de, DinŽ, Tinde, Inde or "The People"

 Jicarilla Apache Indians Profile

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Jicarilla Apache Indians Fact Sheet

The Apache Indians are divided into six sub tribes. The Jicarilla Apache are one of these Apache tribes. In this section, you will find articles about the Jicarilla people, their history, and culture. Famous Jicarilla chiefs included Chief Garfield Velarde, Augustine Vigil, Huero Mundo, Chacon

Official Tribal Name:


Federally recognized indian tribe.
Official Website:  

Common Name: Jicarilla Apache

Traditional Name:


Meaning of Traditional Name:

Tinde =  

Alternate names:

Querechos, Vaqueros

Alternate spellings:


Name in other languages:

Mexican Spanish: Jicarilla, meaning = 'little basket'
Navajo: Be'-xai, or Pex'-ge
Mescalero: Kinya-inde
Kiowa: Keop-tagui, meaning = 'mountain Apache'
Picuris: Pi'-ke-e-wai-i-ne
Mescalero: Tashi'ne
Tesuque: Tu-sa-be'
Pueblo: Apachu, meaning = 'enemy'

Registered Population:



Southwest, Plains


Northern New Mexico, primarily.
Parts of southeastern Colorado, adjoining areas of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Also Chihuahua, Mexico

First European contact:

Their contacts with the Spaniards began with Coronado in 1540 to 1542, perhaps as the Querechos, whom the later Spanish explorers called Vaqueros.

Bands / Population at Contact:  

Language Classification:


Language Dialects:


Number of fluent Speakers:


Tribal Enrollment Requirements:


Tribal Flag:


Tribal Emblem:


Related Tribes:

The Jicarilla Apache are one of the six sub-tribes of the Apache tribe. The others are the Chiricahua, Mescalero, Lipans, Plains Apache, and Western Apache. The seventh Apachean group, the Navajo, are now considered as a separate tribe.



Traditional Territory:


Original Reservation:


Current Reservations:

Jicarilla Apache Reservation, New Mexico

Traditional Allies:


Traditional Enemies:


Bands / Clans:

Within the Jicarilla Apache are smaller groups called bands that claimed certain areas as their original homes.

Llanero (Plains Dwellers), a.k.a. Eastern Jicarilla
Ollero (Mountain Dwellers) a.k.a. Northern Jicarilla
Dachizhozhin: site of the present Jicarilla Reservation.
Golkahin: south of Taos Pueblo.
Ketsilind: south of Taos Pueblo.
Apatsiltlizhihi: Mora.
Saitinde: around what is now Espanola.



Historical Social Structure:


Burial / Funeral Customs:


Marriage/Wedding Customs:


Creation Beliefs / Religion:


Religion Today


Historical Clothing:


Historical Dwellings:


Historical Foods / Wildcrafting:


Subsistence / Industry Today:


Sacred Places:


Ceremonies / Dances:




Historical Weapons and Tools:


Historical Political Organization


Government Today:


Famous Contemporary People:

Historical Leaders:

Famous Mescalero Apache chiefs included Chief Tall Bearded Iris, San Juan , Josť Cito, Intschu-tschuna, Winnetou, Nicholas, Victorio, and Nautzile (a.k.a. Cow, Noel Morehead, Naut'zilli and John Smith).

Catastrophic Events:





Jicarilla Apache Timeline


In the News:


Further Reading:


Jicarilla Apache Indians
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Apache Tribes Profiles
Apache Reservations
Apache Official Websites


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