Jicarilla Apache Indians Profile
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Jicarilla Apache Indians Fact Sheet
The Apache Indians are divided into six sub tribes. The Jicarilla Apache are one of these Apache tribes. In this section, you will find articles about the Jicarilla people, their history, and culture. Famous Jicarilla chiefs included Chief Garfield Velarde, Augustine Vigil, Huero Mundo, Chacon
Official Tribal Name:
Federally recognized indian tribe.
Common Name: Jicarilla Apache
Meaning of Traditional Name:
Name in other languages:
Mexican Spanish: Jicarilla, meaning = 'little basket'
Navajo: Be'-xai, or Pex'-ge
Kiowa: Keop-tagui, meaning = 'mountain Apache'
Pueblo: Apachu, meaning = 'enemy'
State:Northern New Mexico, primarily.
Parts of southeastern Colorado, adjoining areas of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Also Chihuahua, Mexico
First European contact:
Their contacts with the Spaniards began with Coronado in 1540 to 1542, perhaps as the Querechos, whom the later Spanish explorers called Vaqueros.
Bands / Population at Contact:
Number of fluent Speakers:
Tribal Enrollment Requirements:
The Jicarilla Apache are one of the six sub-tribes of the Apache tribe. The others are the Chiricahua, Mescalero, Lipans, Plains Apache, and Western Apache. The seventh Apachean group, the Navajo, are now considered as a separate tribe.
Jicarilla Apache Reservation, New Mexico
Bands / Clans:
Within the Jicarilla Apache are smaller groups called bands that claimed certain areas as their original homes.
Llanero (Plains Dwellers), a.k.a. Eastern Jicarilla
Ollero (Mountain Dwellers) a.k.a. Northern Jicarilla
Dachizhozhin: site of the present Jicarilla Reservation.
Golkahin: south of Taos Pueblo.
Ketsilind: south of Taos Pueblo.
Saitinde: around what is now Espanola.
Historical Social Structure:
Burial / Funeral Customs:
Creation Beliefs / Religion:
Historical Foods / Wildcrafting:
Subsistence / Industry Today:
Ceremonies / Dances:
Historical Weapons and Tools:
Historical Political Organization
Famous Contemporary People:
Famous Mescalero Apache chiefs included Chief Tall Bearded Iris, San Juan , Josť Cito, Intschu-tschuna, Winnetou, Nicholas, Victorio, and Nautzile (a.k.a. Cow, Noel Morehead, Naut'zilli and John Smith).
Jicarilla Apache Timeline
In the News:
Jicarilla Apache Indians Art Print
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Apache chastity and marriage
Apache customs regarding courtship, marriage and divorce.
Wives and burial place of Geronimo
A detailed list of all the wives of Gernonimo and his burial place.
Why do we yell "Geronimo"?
Learn the legend behind this phrase.
Apache tribal amusements, manners, and customs
As explained by Geronimo in the telling of his life story.
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