Who were the Anasazi? "Anasazi" is a Navajo word meaning "ancient ones." Archaeologists use it to describe the Basketmaker-Pueblo culture that existed from about A.D. 1 to 1300 in the Four Corners Plateau region of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona and Utah.
The Anasazi were farmers, with corn, beans, and squash as their primary crops. They domesticated the turkey, and continued to gather wild plant foods and hunt game in order to supplement their diet.
The Anasazi are known for their remarkable building techniques. From pit houses to multi-storied cliff dwellings, these structures remain as a tribute to their remarkable architectural abilities.
The Anasazi were also highly skilled potters, and beautifully decorated bowls, ladles, mugs, and other intricate ceramic items have been found in sites throughout the region.
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It is presently unclear as to why the Anasazi left. There are many theories about why the ancestral Pueblo people gradually abandoned the area by A.D. 1300.
Their movements seem to be related to a drought which spanned several decades and the resulting climatic change, soil erosion, or overuse of the area's resources.
We do know that the modern day Pueblo people are their descendants.
Whatever the reasons, the village was never inhabited again. It was burned, possibly by the inhabitants, shortly before abandonment.
From here, it is thought that the people migrated back to the Kayenta region where they re-established themselves.