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The Alutiiq (plural: Alutiit), are a southern coastal people of Alaska. They are not to be confused with the Aleuts, who live further to the southwest, including along the Aleutian Islands.
The people of the Native Village of Afognak are the descendants of the original Alutiiq inhabitants of the village of Ag’waneq, which was located on the island of Afognak, three miles off the shore of Kodiak Island. Members of this tribe inhabited their ancestral village until the Great Earthquake and Tsunami of 1964. Today many of members live and work in the City of Kodiak, the village of Port Lions, Anchorage, and the Lower 48 states.
Official Tribal Name:
Native Village of Afognak
Address: 115 Mill Bay Road, Suite 201, Kodiak, Alaska 99615
Phone: (907) 486-6357
Fax: (907) 486-6529
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Eskimo-Aluet -> Eskimo -> Yupik -> Alutiiq -> Pacific Gulf Yupik
The Alutiiq language (also called Sugpiak, Sugpiaq, Pacific Gulf Yupik, Chugach, Koniag-Chugach, Suk, Sugcestun) is a close relative to the Central Alaskan Yup'ik language spoken in the western and southwestern Alaska, but is considered a distinct language.
It has two major dialects: Koniag Alutiiq: spoken on the upper part of the Alaska Peninsula and on Kodiak Island; was also spoken on Afognak Island before it was deserted in the wake of the 1964 Good Friday Earthquake.
Chugach Alutiiq: spoken on the Kenai Peninsula and in Prince William Sound.
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About 400 of the Alutiiq population of 3,000 speak the Alutiiq language. Alutiiq communities are currently in the process of revitalizing their language. In 2010 the high school in Kodiak responded to requests from students and agreed to teach the Alutiiq language. The Kodiak dialect of the language was only spoken by about 50 persons, all of them elderly, and the dialect was in danger of being lost entirely.
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Before European contact with Russian fur traders, the Alutiiq lived in semi-subterranean homes called barabaras.
The Alutiiq are hunter gatherers who lived primarily on ocean resources such as salmon, halibut, and whale, as well as land mammals and berries.
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